Allen Tate Papers
Permanent URL: http://arks.princeton.edu/ark:/88435/0z708w46w
- Tate, Allen, 1899-1979.
- Title and dates:
- Allen Tate Papers
- bulk 1950-1979
- Consists of extensive manuscripts, documents, and correspondence of American poet and literary critic Allen Tate, one of the leading members of the Fugitive and Southern Agrarian literary movements.
- 29.4 linear feet
- 71 archival boxes and 1 flat box
- Call number:
- Princeton University. Library. Dept. of Rare
Books and Special Collections
Princeton, New Jersey 08544 USA
- Language(s) of materials:
- Storage note:
- This collection is stored onsite at Firestone Library. Box 24, Folder 17 is stored in special vault facilities.
(John Orley) Allen Tate (1899-1979), poet, critic, and professor of letters from the American South, was born on November 19 in Winchester, Kentucky. In 1918, he was admitted to Vanderbilt University, where he excelled, earning top honors and membership in Phi Beta Kappa. He became the only undergraduate admitted to membership in the Fugitives, an informal group of Southern intellectuals which exerted considerable influence on American letters throughout the 1920s and 1930s. In 1924, Tate married Caroline Gordon, a novelist. They had one child, and he later divorced her to marry Isabella Stewart Gardner. He then divorced Gardner to marry Helen Heinz, with whom he had three children.
Though he lived in France from 1928-1932 in the company of such writers as Ernest Hemingway and Gertrude Stein, Tate continued to focus his writings on Southern themes. He published numerous volumes of poetry and prose, including one novel, The Fathers (1938). He was a visiting professor and lecturer at universities throughout the country, including the University of Chicago and Princeton University. He was also a Fulbright professor at the University of Rome and at Oxford University. He was a member of many societies, including the National Institute of Arts and Letters, of which he was president from 1968-1969, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the Southern Historical Association, the Princeton Club, and the Authors Club of London. He won numerous awards, including Guggenheim fellowships, the National Institute of Arts and Letters Award, the Bollingen Prize for Poetry, the National Medal of Literature, and multiple honorary degrees. He died on February 9, 1979 in Nashville, Tennessee.
- 1899: Born on November 19 in Winchester, Kentucky
- 1922: Graduated magna cum laude from Vanderbilt University
- 1923: The Golden Mean, and Other Poems
- 1924: Married Caroline Gordon
- 1928: Mr. Pope, and Other Poems
- 1928: Stonewall Jackson: The Good Soldier
- 1928-1929: Guggenheim fellowships
- 1929: Jefferson Davis: His Rise and Fall
- 1930: Three Poems: Ode to the Confederate Dead, Message from Abroad, The Cross
- 1932: Poems: 1928-1931
- 1934-1936: Professor at Southwestern College
- 1936: The Mediterranean and Other Poems
- 1936: Reactionary Essays on Poetry and Ideas
- 1937: Selected Poems
- 1938: The Fathers
- 1938-1939: Professor at the Women's College of the University of North Carolina
- 1939-1942: Princeton University poet in residence
- 1941: Sonnets at Christmas
- 1941: Reason in Madness: Critical Essays
- 1943-1944: Library of Congress Chair of Poetry
- 1944: The Winter Sea
- 1944-1946: Editor of Sewanee Review
- 1947: Fragment of a Meditation\MCMXXVIII
- 1947-1951: Professor at New York University
- 1948: National Institute of Arts and Letters Award
- 1948: Poems: 1920-1945
- 1948: Poems: 1922-1947
- 1948: On the Limits of Poetry: Selected Essays, 1928-1948
- 1948: The Hovering Fly and Other Essays
- 1950: Two Conceits for the Eye to Sing, If Possible
- 1951-1968: Professor at the University of Minnesota
- 1953: The Forlorn Demon: Didactic and Critical Essays
- 1953-1954: Fulbright professor at the University of Rome
- 1955: The Man of Letters in the Modern World: Selected Essays
- 1956: Bollingen Prize for Poetry
- 1958-1959: Fulbright professor at Oxford University
- 1959: Divorced Caroline Gordon; married Isabella Stewart Gardner
- 1959: Collected Essays
- 1960: Poems
- 1961: Brandeis University Medal for Poetry
- 1962: Gold medal from Dante Society
- 1963: Academy of American Poets Award
- 1966: Divorced Isabella Stewart Gardner; married Helen Heinz
- 1966: Christ and the Unicorn
- 1968-1969: President of the National Institute of Arts and Letters
- 1969: Mere Literature and the Lost Traveller
- 1970: The Swimmers and Other Selected Poems
- 1972: The Translation of Poetry
- 1975: Memoirs and Opinions, 1926-1974
- 1976: Oscar Williams Award
- 1976: Mark Rothco Award
- 1976: Ingram Merrill Award
- 1976: National Medal for Literature
- 1977: Collected Poems, 1919-1976
- 1979: Died on February 9 in Nashville, Tennessee
The collection consists of manuscripts, documents, and correspondence of Tate, a leading member of the Fugitive and Southern Agrarian literary movements. Among the manuscripts are typed drafts of The Fathers, galleys and page proofs for On the Limits of Poetry, a draft of an unfinished biography of Robert E. Lee, and drafts and printer's copies of Poems 1920-1945: A Selection, as well as addresses, essays, and poems. Tate corresponded with many well-known poets and authors, including John Berryman, Hart Crane, e. e. cummings, T. S. Eliot, John Gould Fletcher, F. O. Matthiessen, Ezra Pound, John Crowe Ransom, Theodore Roethke, Delmore Schwartz, Karl Shapiro, Louis Untermeyer, Mark Van Doren, Robert Penn Warren, John Hall Wheelock, Oscar Williams, William Carlos Williams, Edmund Wilson, Yvor Winters, and Stark Young. In addition to Tate's own works, the collection contains poetry manuscripts by Princeton students and graduates, which Tate selected for his anthology Princeton Verse Between Two Wars, and an early draft, entitled "Proud Flesh," of All the King's Men by Robert Penn Warren.
Access and Use
Box 33, folder 7 is stored in special vault facilities. Consult curator for access.
Restrictions on Use and Copyright Information
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. No further photoduplication of copies of material in the collection can be made when Princeton University Library does not own the original. Permission to publish material from the collection must be requested from the Associate University Librarian for Rare Books and Special Collections. The library has no information on the status of literary rights in the collection and researchers are responsible for determining any questions of copyright.
Acquisition and Appraisal
Provenance and Acquisition
The collection began with a gift from Allen Tate in 1941, grew from additional gifts from him over several decades, and achieved its final form with a purchase from his widow in 1979.
Processing and Other Information
This collection was processed and the finding aid written in 1993.
A revision of series and box numbers was done by Nicholas Williams '2015 in 2013, although much of the exisiting finding aid remained intact.
Descriptive Rules Used
Finding aid content adheres to that prescribed by Describing Archives: A Content Standard.
This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2013-11-26T08:54-0500
Language(s) of this Finding Aid
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Allen Tate Papers, Box and Folder Number; Department of Rare Books and Special Collections, Princeton University Library.
- Lee, Robert E. (Robert Edward), 1807-1870.
- Confederate States of America. Army -- Officers -- Biography.
- Agrarians (group of writers)
- American poetry -- History and criticism -- 20th century.
- College verse -- New Jersey -- Princeton -- 20th century.
- Fugitives (group of writers)
- Poetry, Modern -- Study and teaching -- New Jersey -- Princeton -- 20th century.
- Fiction -- 20th century.
- Manuscripts (for publication) -- 20th century.
- Poems -- 20th century.
- Poets, American -- 20th century.
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