Carlos Baker Collection of Ernest Hemingway
Permanent URL: http://arks.princeton.edu/ark:/88435/pn89d6589
- Baker, Carlos, 1909-1987.
- Title and dates:
- Carlos Baker Collection of Ernest Hemingway
- bulk 1918-1967
- Consists primarily of Carlos Baker's working papers and biographical files used in preparation of his biography Ernest Hemingway: A Life Story (1969). This was the fourth book on Hemingway written or edited by Baker (1909-1987), a Princeton professor and author. Also present are manuscripts for a novel and book of poetry by Baker, unrelated to his work on Hemingway.
- 16.4 linear feet
- 33 archival boxes, 2 half-size archival boxes, 1 oversize flat box
- Call number:
- Princeton University. Library. Dept. of Rare Books
and Special Collections
Princeton, New Jersey 08544 USA
- Language(s) of materials:
- Storage note:
- This collection is stored onsite at Firestone Library. Original Hemingway letters in box 12, folder 1 and box 3, folder 23A are stored in special vault facilities.
Carlos Baker (1909-1987), educator, editor, poet, and author, was born in Maine, but resided in Princeton, New Jersey, since 1937. He did his undergraduate work at Dartmouth University, earned a masters at Harvard, and received his doctorate from Princeton University in 1940. Baker remained at Princeton as a professor of English, 1938-1953, and then as Woodrow Wilson Professor of Literature from 1953 to his retirement in 1977.
Baker's books include the first full-length critical interpretation of Ernest Hemingway's works, Hemingway: the Writer as Artist (1952), and the authorized biography, Ernest Hemingway: A Life Story (1969), which was acclaimed for its thoroughness and non-judgmental presentation of the facts of Hemingway's life and exploits. Carlos Baker also published short stories, poetry, literary criticism, novels, and essays, such as Shelley's Major Poetry: the Fabric of Vision (1948), The Land of Rumbelow (1963), and The Talisman and Other Stories (1976).
- 1899: Born July 21, 1899, in Oak Park, IL
- 1917-1918: Cub reporter, Kansas City Star, Kansas City, MO
- 1918-1919: Ambulance driver for Red Cross Ambulance Corps in Italy
- 1920-1921: Writer, Cooperative Commonwealth, Chicago, IL
- 1920: Covered Greco-Turkish War for the Toronto Star
- 1921: Married Hadley Richardson, September 3 (divorced March 10, 1927)
- 1921-1924: European correspondent, Toronto Star
- 1923: Son John ("Bumby", "Jack") born, October 10
- 1923: Published Three Stories & Ten Poems (Paris)
- 1924: Published in our time (Paris)
- 1926: Published The Sun Also Rises
- 1927: Published Men Without Women (stories)
- 1927: Married Pauline Pfeiffer (a writer), May 10 (divorced November 4, 1940)
- 1928: Son Patrick ("Mouse") born, June 28
- 1929: Published A Farewell to Arms
- 1931: Son Gregory ("Gigi") born, November 12
- 1933: Published Winner Take Nothing (stories)
- 1937-1938: Covered Spanish Civil War for North American Newspaper Alliance
- 1940: Published For Whom the Bell Tolls
- 1940: Married Martha Gellhorn (a writer), November 21 (divorced December 21, 1945)
- 1941: War correspondent in China
- 1944-1945: War correspondent in Europe
- 1946: Married Mary Welsh (a writer), March 14
- 1952: Published The Old Man and the Sea
- 1953: Awarded Pulitzer Prize for The Old Man and the Sea
- 1954: Awarded Nobel Prize for Literature
- 1961: Committed suicide, July 2, 1961, in Ketchum, ID
- 1970: Islands in the Stream published posthumously
The collection consists of the working papers and biographical files about Ernest Hemingway compiled by Baker, Princeton English professor, in preparation of his biography Ernest Hemingway: A Life Story (1969). The working papers contain Xeroxes and typed copies of correspondence between Hemingway and friends, publishers, and family, including F. Scott Fitzgerald, C. T. Lanham, Maxwell Perkins, and Mary, Patrick, and Hadley Hemingway. There are drafts, a final typed version, and proofs for the biography, as well as a mock-up copy of the book. In addition, there are transcripts of articles written by Hemingway for the Toronto Star and Esquire, periodical articles by and about him, letters to Baker about Hemingway, copies of reviewers' comments, magazine interviews, material relating to Hemingway's winning of the Nobel Prize in literature (1954) and the Pulitzer Prize for fiction (1953), a Xerox copy of the original manuscript of Hemingway's Islands in the Stream (1970), and a scrapbook.
The biographical files begin in the 1800s with material on the Hemingway family genealogy and span Hemingway's entire life, from his birth in 1899 to his suicide in 1961. The files include letters to Baker, copies of anecdotes, correspondence between other people about Hemingway, eyewitness accounts of Hemingway in World War II, excerpts from Mary Hemingway's diaries while in Africa, documents, memorabilia, such as Hemingway's 1917 yearbook from Oak Park High School (Illinois), and printed matter.
The collection also contains two of Baker's works unrelated to the Hemingway material: a typed manuscript with the author's corrections of a novel, The Land of Rumblelow (1963), and a typed manuscript with editor's notations of a book of poems, A Year and a Day: Poems (1963), as well as a small file of correspondence of Baker relating to his participation on the Pulitzer Prize Fiction Jury in 1975. In addition, there is a phonograph record (in Russian) with a typed transcript in English of Radio Liberation programs about Boris Pasternak, Dr. Zhivago, and the award of the Nobel Prize to him in 1958.
The collection has been arranged in the following series:
The organization of the Hemingway material in the collection reflects the order in which Baker kept and, presumably, used it.
- Series 1: Ernest Hemingway Letters: A-Z, 1910-1961
- Series 2: Hemingway Biographical Files, 1800s-1961
- Subseries 2A: General Files, 1800s-1961
- Subseries 2B: Miscellaneous Biographical Files, 1899-1939
- Series 3: Works by Ernest Hemingway, 1917-1970
- Series 4: Works by Carlos Baker, 1963-1975
- Series 5: Printed Matter, 1935-1984
- Subseries 5A: Works by Ernest Hemingway, 1935 September 17-1960 September 19
- Subseries 5B: Works about Ernest Hemingway, dates not examined
- Series 6: Miscellaneous Material, 1952-1964
Access and Use
Researchers may be required to use surrogates of collection items stored in special vault facilities. Consult curator for access.
Restrictions on Use and Copyright Information
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. No further photoduplication of copies of material in the collection can be made when Princeton University Library does not own the original. Permission to publish material from the collection must be requested from the Associate University Librarian for Rare Books and Special Collections. The library has no information on the status of literary rights in the collection and researchers are responsible for determining any questions of copyright
Acquisition and Appraisal
Provenance and Acquisition
Baker donated his collection to Princeton in the early 1980s, after his retirement as Woodrow Wilson Professor of Literature at Princeton University. Many of the papers are copies of Hemingway correspondence which Baker acquired from various libraries, individuals, and other undisclosed sources. He also corresponded with friends, relatives, and associates of Hemingway requesting copies of their correspondence or personal reminiscences of Hemingway.
Location of Copies or Alternate Formats
The manuscripts found in draft form in the collection came to print in the following publications: Ernest Hemingway: A Life Story (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1969), The Land of Rumblelow (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1963), A Year and a Day: Poems (Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press, 1963), Islands in the Stream (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1970).
Processing and Other Information
This collection was processed by Barbara Volz in 1992. The finding aid was written by Barbara Volz in 1992.
Descriptive Rules Used
Finding aid content adheres to that prescribed by Describing Archives: A Content Standard.
Machine-readable finding aid encoded in EAD 2002 by Techbooks on 23 August 2005.
Language(s) of this Finding Aid
Carlos Baker Collection of Ernest Hemingway, Box #, Folder #, Department of Rare Books and Special Collections, Princeton University Library.
- Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961.
- Princeton University--Faculty--20th century--Correspondence.
- Princeton University--Faculty--20th century--Manuscripts.
- American literature--20th century.
- Novelists, American--20th century--Biography.
- Novelists, American--20th century--Correspondence.
- Novelists, American--20th century--Manuscripts.
- Nobel Prizes.
- Pulitzer Prizes.
- Manuscripts -- 20th century.
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