Mario Vargas Llosa Papers
Permanent URL: http://arks.princeton.edu/ark:/88435/jd472w490
- Vargas Llosa, Mario, 1936-
- Title and dates:
- Mario Vargas Llosa Papers
- bulk 1958-1995
- The Mario Vargas Llosa Papers consists of notebooks, manuscripts of novels, plays and screenplays, short stories, nonfiction, documents, correspondence, and printed and recorded material.
- 230 linear feet
- 362 boxes
- Call number:
- Princeton University. Library. Dept. of Rare
Books and Special Collections
Princeton, New Jersey 08544 USA
- Language(s) of materials:
- Spanish or Castilian
- Storage note:
- This collection is stored onsite at Firestone Library. Box 86, folder 25 and box 89, folders 14-15 are stored in special vault facilities.
Mario Vargas Llosa was born in Arequipa, Peru, on March 28, 1936. He attended the University of San Marcos in Lima and the University of Madrid, where he obtained the doctorate in 1959. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 2010.
Writer, journalist, critic and teacher, he has taught at the Queen Mary College and King's College of the University of London, Washington State University (Pullman), the University of Puerto Rico (Río Piedras), at Columbia, Harvard, Princeton and Georgetown Universities and at The City University of New York. He was a Fellow at the Woodrow Wilson Center, Washington, D.C. He has been the recipient of many literary prizes, among which are the Premio Biblioteca Breve, Seix Barral (1962), Premio Internacional de Literatura Rómulo Gallegos (1967), Premio Nacional de la Novela (1967), Premio del Instituto Italo Latinoamericano (Italy, 1982), and the Ritz Paris Hemingway Award (1985). Vargas Llosa was a journalist with La Industria , Piura, Peru, with Radio Panamericana and La Crónica , both of Lima and with Agence France-Presse and the French Radio-Television Network in Paris. He has hosted the Peruvian television program "The Tower of Babel," and he writes a newspaper column, "Piedra de Toque" [Touchstone] for El País (Madrid, Spain) which is syndicated throughout Latin America.
Mario Vargas Llosa became actively involved in Peruvian politics at the national level when he and others founded a civic organization called Movimiento Libertad [Liberty Movement] in 1987. The Movement was created, in part, to protest the attempt of President Alan García to nationalize the Peruvian banking system; and its members played a key role in the formation of Frente Democrático (FREDEMO) [Democratic Front], a coalition of political parties which became an official party in August, 1989. After being nominated as FREDEMO's first presidential candidate in 1989, Vargas Llosa resigned his candidacy in June of that year. He was then persuaded to return to the presidential race after receiving over 3,000 letters from the general public urging his return to the campaign. There were two rounds of presidential elections in Peru in 1990: the first held on April 8, and the second held on June 10. Vargas Llosa won the first round of elections with 27.6% of the vote (Cambio 90 candidate Alberto Fujimori received 24.6% and the APRA candidate Luis Alva Castro received 19.1% of the vote). In the second round, Mario Vargas Llosa received 33.9% of the vote; he lost the election to Alberto Fujimori, who received 56.5% of the vote. *
In 1994, Vargas Llosa became the first Latin American voted member of the Real Academia Española de la Lengua (Spain), and he won the Premio Miguel de Cervantes (Spain). He has taught at Queen Mary College and King's College of the University of London, Cambridge University, and at various universities in the U.S., including Princeton (1992-1993, 2010), Harvard (1992-1993), Georgetown, and Syracuse.
* Leslie Bethell. ed. The Cambridge History of Latin America. Volume VIII. Latin America Since 1930: Spanish South America (Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991), p. 507.
Consists of personal and working papers of Mario Vargas Llosa. Included are manuscript first drafts (see Notebooks), typescript drafts, and some galley and page proofs with holograph corrections of the novels La tía Julia y el escribidor , La guerra del fin del mundo, La ciudad y los perros, La casa verde, Pantaleón y las visitadoras, Conversación en la catedral, Historia de Mayta, El hablador, ¿Quién mató a Palomino Molero?, and Elogio de la madrastra ; drafts of the short stories collected under the title Los jefes ; and notes and second and later drafts with holograph corrections of the plays La chunga, La señorita de Tacna, and Kathie y el hipopótamo . Also included are several drafts of the film scripts "La guerra de Canudos" (1967-1972), and "Pantaleón y las visitadoras", notes and drafts of scripts for the television program "La Torre de Babel", hosted by the writer, notes and manuscripts of essays, articles, speeches, and lectures. There is also material about the author, such as interviews (two video-recorded), essays, and newspaper clippings.
The extensive correspondence covers the period 1957 to 1994, and includes letters from family members, publishers, and a wide range of renowned writers such as Jorge Amado, José María Arguedas, Carlos Barral, Mario Benedetti, José Bianco, Julio Cortázar, José Donoso, Rosario Ferré, Carlos Fuentes, Gabriel García Márquez, Ana María Matute, Pablo Neruda, José Emilio Pacheco, Nelida Piñon, Carlos Quijano, Augusto Roa Bastos, Sebastián Salazar Bondy, Manuel Scorza, and others.
The political archive consists primarily of correspondence between Vargas Llosa and his wife, Patricia, and other politicians, nonprofit organizations in Peru and other Latin American countries, diplomats, and the general public while he served as a leader of Movimiento Libertad [Liberty Movement], a civic organization which was founded in Peru in 1987, and as the presidential candidate of Frente Democrático (FREDEMO) [Democratic Front] in 1989 and 1990. Vargas Llosa lost to Alberto Fujimori, candidate of the Cambio 90 party in the second round of elections held on June 10, 1990. The archive includes correspondence between Vargas Llosa and leaders of Movimiento Libertad and FREDEMO. Political correspondents include Luis Bedoya Reyes, Fernando Belaúnde Terry, Luis Bustamante Belaúnde, Miguel Cruchaga, Jorge Salmón Jordán, Miguel Vega Alvear, Pedro Pablo Kuczyinski, Enrique Ghersi Silva, and Fernando de Szyszlo. The General Correspondence includes many letters with suggestions on how to improve the economic conditions of Peru, on why they are voting for him as president, and with lists of names with signatures and voter identification numbers. Included in this correspondence are political slogans, poems, drawings, horoscopes, newspaper clippings, and some photographs and maps.
The collection also includes a series of unprocessed additional papers which contain correspondence, articles, manuscripts, notebooks, and cassette tapes of interviews.
Organized into the following series:
- Series 1: Notebooks, 1958-1990
- Series 2: Works, 1958-1990
- Subseries 2A: Novels, 1952-1988
- Subseries 2B: Plays, 1960-1992 August
- Subseries 2C: Screenplays/TV Scripts, 1972-1984
- Subseries 2D: Short Stories, 1958 December-1979
- Subseries 2E: Nonfiction, 1952-1994
- Subseries 2F: Juvenilia, 1949 October-December
- Series 3: Correspondence, 1957-1994
- Subseries 3A: Pre-1984, 1957-1984
- Subseries 3B: Post-1984, 1985-1994
- Series 4: Papers by Others, 1974-1994
- Series 5: Printed and Recorded Material, 1957-2011
- Series 6: Political Archive, 1987-1991
- Subseries 6A: General Correspondence, 1988-1990
- Subseries 6B: Campaign Correspondence, 1989-1991
- Subseries 6C: Movimiento Libertad [Liberty Movement], 1987-1991 April
- Subseries 6D: Frente Democrático [FREDEMO], 1975-1995
- Subseries 6E: Photographs, 1990 April 8
- Subseries 6F: Miscellaneous Printed Material, 1989-1991
- Subseries 6G: Acción Solidaria [Joint Action], 1989
- Subseries 6H: Programa de Apoyo Social [PAS] [Social Support Program], dates not examined
- Subseries 6I: Miscellaneous, dates not examined
- Series 7: Additional Papers [Unprocessed], 1942-2010
- Subseries 7A: AM 1995-81, 1962-1994
- Subseries 7B: AM 1995-104, 1986
- Subseries 7C: AM 1997-30, 1984-1996
- Subseries 7D: AM 1997-45, 1970s-1990s
- Subseries 7E: AM 1998-101, 1990s
- Subseries 7F: AM 1999-32, 1980-1997
- Subseries 7G: AM 2001-38, 1989-2000
- Subseries 7H: AM 2003-4, 1996-1998
- Subseries 7I: AM 2003-18, 1997-2000
- Subseries 7J: AM 2011-115, 2000-20101946-2010
Access and Use
The letter by Luis Loayza dated June 30, 1964, shall remain closed to the public until 20 years after the death of Luis Loayza; the letters of Abelardo Oquendo dated November 11, 1958, August 2, 1962, February 14, June 6, July 3, August 18, September 1, October 13 and 29, December 14, 1964, and January 20, 1965 shall remain closed to the public until December 2018.
Restrictions on Use and Copyright Information
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. No further photoduplication of copies of material in the collection can be made when Princeton University Library does not own the original. Permission to publish material from the collection must be requested from the Associate University Librarian for Rare Books and Special Collections. The library has no information on the status of literary rights in the collection and researchers are responsible for determining any questions of copyright.
For preservation reasons, physical access to original audio and visual media in a variety of magnetic and optic formats is restricted. The Department of Rare Books and Special Collections does not have playback equipment and facilities, and all original media, especially in obsolete formats, must be digitally remastered or converted in accordance with prevailing preservation standards in order to be safely accessed. Subject to curatorial approval, patrons may request duplicates of such original media, but will be responsible for both the cost of digital conversion and the cost of the duplicate, payable in advance. Public Services staff handles all such requests. Depending on the nature of the media, this process can take 4-6 weeks or longer.
Acquisition and Appraisal
Provenance and Acquisition
Begun in 1985, the collection has grown with purchases from the author on a continuing basis.
Processing and Other Information
This collection was processed by Rodolfo G. Aiello , Claire A. Johnston and Karla J. Vecchia in 1997,1999,2000, and 2002 . Finding aid written by Rodolfo G. Aiello , Claire A. Johnston and Karla J. Vecchia in 1997,1999,2000, and 2002 .
Los jefes (Lima: Editorial Roca, 1959);
La ciudad y los perros (Barcelona: Seix Barral, 1963), English translation by Lysander Kemp titled The Time of the Hero (New York: Grove, 1966);
La casa verde (Barcelona: Seix Barral, 1969), English translation by Gregory Rabassa published as The Green House (New York: Harper & Row, 1968);
Conversación en la catedral (Barcelona: Seix Barral, 1969), English translation by Gregory Rabassa published as Conversation in the Cathedral (New York: Harper & Row, 1975);
García Márquez: historia de un deicídio (Barcelona: Seix Barral, 1971);
Pantaleón y las visitadoras (Barcelona: Seix Barral, 1973), English translation by Ronald Christ and Gregory Kolovakos published as Captain Pantoja and the Special Services (New York: Harper & Row, 1978);
La orgía perpetua: Flaubert y "Madame Bovary" (Barcelona: Seix Barral, 1975), English translation by Helen R. Lane published as The Perpetual Orgy: Flaubert and Madame Bovary (New York: Farrar, Straus, 1986);
La tía Julia y el escribidor (Barcelona: Seix Barral, 1977), English translation by Helen R. Lane published as Aunt Julia and the Scriptwriter (New York: Farrar, Straus, 1982);
La guerra del fin del mundo (1981), English translation by Helen R. Lane published as The War of the End of the World (New York: Farrar, Straus, 1984);
Historia de Mayta (Barcelona: Seix Barral, 1985), English translation by Alfred J. Mac Adam titled The Real Life of Alejandro Mayta (New York: Farrar, Straus, 1986);
¿Quién mató a Palomino Molero? (Barcelona: Seix Barral, 1986), English translation by Alfred J. Mac Adam published as Who Killed Palomino Molero? (New York: Farrar, Straus, 1987);
El hablador (Barcelona: Seix Barral, 1989), English translation by Helen R. Lane published as The Storyteller (New York: Farrar, Straus, 1989);
El pez en el agua: memorias (Barcelona: Seix Barral, l993), English translation by Helen R. Lane published as A Fish in the Water: A Memoir (New York: Farrar, Straus, 1994);
El debate (Lima: Univ. del Pácifico, Centro de Investigación, 1990).
Descriptive Rules Used
Finding aid content adheres to that prescribed by Describing Archives: A Content Standard.
This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2012-05-21T12:58-0400
Language(s) of this Finding Aid
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Mario Vargas Llosa Papers, Box and Folder Number; Department of Rare Books and Special Collections, Princeton University Library.
- Accion Popular (Peru)
- Frente Democratico (Peru)
- Movimiento Libertad (Peru)
- Partido Popular Cristiano (Peru)
- Solidaridad y Democracia (Peru)
- Critics -- Latin America -- 20th century -- Correspondence.
- Critics -- Peru -- 20th century -- Correspondence.
- Dramatists, Peruvian -- 20th century -- Correspondence.
- Latin American fiction -- 20th century.
- Latin American literature -- 20th century.
- Novelists, Latin American -- 20th century -- Correspondence.
- Novelists, Peruvian -- 20th century.
- Peruvian drama -- 20th century.
- Peruvian fiction -- 20th century.
- Peruvian literaturey -- 20th century -- Translations into English.
- Presidents -- Peru -- Election -- 1990.
- Translators -- Great Britain -- 20th century -- Correspondence.
- Translators -- United States -- 20th century -- Correspondence.
- Latin America -- Politics and government -- 1948-1980.
- Peru -- Politics and government -- 1980-
- Peru -- Social conditions -- 1968-
- Novelists, Peruvian.
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