Subseries 2H: Council on Foreign Relations - War and Peace Studies
3 boxes (2 partial)
This collection is stored at Mudd Manuscript Library.
Requests will be delivered to Public Policy Papers, MUDD Reading Room
Collection Creator: Armstrong, Hamilton Fish, 1893-1973..
Extent: 3 boxes (2 partial)
Collection is open for research use.
Upon the outbreak of World War II in Europe in 1939, Foreign Affairs Editor Hamilton Fish Armstrong and Council Executive Director Walter H. Mallory travelled to Washington to offer the State Department the Council's aid in preparing for the eventuality of American's entry into the war and the structure of a peace settlement at war's end.
Secretary of State Cordell Hull quickly approved a plan to involve the Department in such studies if they were sponsored by the Council. Working with the State Department, the Council appointed a Steering Committee for the War and Peace Studies and four (later five) working groups of Council members and State Department officials selected on the basis of their special expertise and experience with particular subjects.
The Council named a rapporteur and provided a research secretary for each group, all of them paid with funds committed to the project by the Rockefeller Foundation. All work was to be confidential. The groups prepared reports on a variety of topics suggested by the members and the State Department. In all, the Groups held more than 350 meetings and wrote nearly 700 documents.
In 1941 the State Department established its own Division of Special Research, headed by Leo Paslovsky. This Division, organized along the lines of the Council's working groups on War and Peace Studies, promptly hired the Council's research secretaries, to which the Council agreed with the proviso that these men continue to perform a similar role for the Council's own studies. In 1942 many of the leaders of the War and Peace Studies groups joined Hull's Advisory Committee on Postwar Foreign Policies.
Hamilton Fish Armstrong was the vice-chair of the Steering Committee, which was the driving force behind the War and Peace Studies. The War and Peace Studies included five study groups: Security and Armaments Group (known as Armaments); Economic and Financial Group; Political Group; Territorial Group; and the Peace Aims Group (organized 1941). The papers principally contain materials from the Security and Armaments Group and the Peace Aims Group since Armstrong was a member of both groups.
This subseries contains separate folders for correspondence and for memoranda and meetings which are arranged chronologically between 1938 and 1945. The bulk of the correspondence deals with individual views of topics discussed at meetings and evaluations of the organization's progress. Additionally, many members of the organization sent each other drafts of letters and memos for editing. The memoranda and meetings folders document meetings and items generated from these meetings. After the chronological folders are several subject files, including Steering Committee records, a topical index and the final report of the project.
Subseries 2H: Council on Foreign Relations - War and Peace Studies; 1938-1947; Hamilton Fish Armstrong Papers, Public Policy Papers, Department of Rare Books and Special Collections, Princeton University Library.