Biography and History

F(rancis) Scott (Key) Fitzgerald (1896-1940), novelist, poet, playwright, screenwriter, and author of short stories, was born in St. Paul, Minnesota. He entered Princeton University in 1913 as an undergraduate, and joined the famous Princeton Triangle Club, for which he wrote the scripts and lyrics for various shows. However, he withdrew from Princeton in January, 1916, ostensibly because of his health, though actually for bad grades. He returned to the University in 1917, but never graduated, opting to serve in the army to fight in World War I, from 1917-1919. During this time, while stationed at Camp Sheridan in Montgomery, Alabama, he met Zelda Sayre, a writer, artist, and dancer. They married on April 3, 1920, a week after Fitzgerald's first novel, This Side of Paradise, was published.

Fitzgerald went on to publish three more novels in his lifetime: The Beautiful and Damned (1922), The Great Gatsby (1925), and Tender Is the Night: A Romance (1934). His last, and unfinished, novel, The Last Tycoon, was published posthumously in 1941. Besides his novels, Fitzgerald also wrote numerous articles and short stories, which were published in such magazines as The Saturday Evening Post and Esquire. He also worked as a screenwriter in Hollywood, first with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (he had a hand in writing the script for Gone with the Wind), then as a freelancer for other studios. In Hollywood, he met Sheilah Graham, a film columnist. They had a relationship which was, at times, stormy, due to Fitzgerald's alcohol-abuse problem. He died at her apartment in Hollywood of a sudden heart attack on December 21, 1940.

Source: From the finding aid for C0187

Biography and History

F(rancis) Scott (Key) Fitzgerald (1896-1940), novelist, poet, playwright, screenwriter, author of short stories, was born in St. Paul, Minnesota. He entered Princeton University in 1913 as an undergraduate, and joined the famous Princeton Triangle Club, for which he wrote the scripts and lyrics for various shows. However, he withdrew from Princeton in January 1916, ostensibly because of his health, though in reality for bad grades. He returned to the University in 1917, but never graduated, opting to serve in the army to fight in World War I, from 1917-1919. During this time, while stationed at Camp Sheridan in Montgomery, Alabama, he met Zelda Sayre, a writer, artist, and dancer. They married on April 3, 1920, a week after Fitzgerald's first novel, This Side of Paradise, was published.

Fitzgerald went on to publish three more novels in his lifetime: The Beautiful and Damned (1922), The Great Gatsby (1925), and Tender Is the Night: A Romance (1934). His last, and unfinished, novel, The Last Tycoon, was published posthumously in 1941. Besides his novels, Fitzgerald also wrote numerous articles and short stories, which were published in such magazines as The Saturday Evening Post and Esquire. He also worked as a screenwriter in Hollywood, first with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (he had a hand in writing the script for Gone with the Wind), then as a freelancer for other studios. In Hollywood, he met Sheilah Graham, a film columnist. They had a relationship which was, at times, stormy, due to Fitzgerald's alcohol-abuse problem. He died at her apartment in Hollywood of a sudden heart attack on December 21, 1940.

Source: From the finding aid for C0188

Occupations

  • Novelists, American -- 20th century..
  • Princeton Alumni Publications, Inc. Editor's Records. 1895-1929 (inclusive).

    Call Number: AC013

    The PAW is successor to the Alumni Princetonian, a weekly publication of the Daily Princetonian. In 1919 the Princeton Printing Company dissolved and printing of the PAW was taken over by the Princeton University Press. The PAW was a weekly magazine during the school year until changing to its current bi-weekly format in 1977. The magazine is now published during the academic year for alumni and professional staff of the University.

  • Benjamin Franklin Bunn Papers. 1919-1963 (inclusive).

    Call Number: AC024

    The Benjamin Franklin Bunn Papers consist of financial, business and administrative records which Bunn maintained for many Princeton clubs and associations during his 50 years at Princeton University. The papers also contain correspondence with many Princeton and Phillips Exeter Academy classmates, Princeton administrators, and family members. The Triangle Club material contains letters from F. Scott Fitzgerald and notable members of stage and screen.

  • Archives of Charles Scribner’s Sons. 1786-2004 (inclusive), 1880s-1970s (bulk).

    Call Number: C0101

    This collection consists of virtually all of the surviving records of Scribners (1846-1984), the New York City publisher, and reflect aspects of all of its publishing functions (soliciting and acquiring books, editing manuscripts, printing and manufacturing books, advertising and publicizing publications) and business concerns (book and magazine publisher, retail bookstore, subscription books department, educational books department, printing press and bindery, rare books department). Included are files of editorial correspondence with authors, manufacturing records about book production, advertising records, author contracts, a collection of dust jackets, book catalogs, ledgers, and photographs. While there are gaps in most of the series or record groups, there are records representative of all of the firm's former permutations: Baker & Scribner, Charles Scribner & Co., Scribner, Armstrong & Co., Scribner, Armstrong & Welford, Scribner & Co., Charles Scribner's Sons. The bulk of the material (1880s-1970s), however, dates from the period when the publisher bore its most familiar name, "Charles Scribner's Sons." There is also material related to early publishers' organizations and international copyright.

  • Zelda Fitzgerald Papers. 1917-1997 (inclusive), 1920-1950 (bulk).

    Call Number: C0183

    The Zelda Fitzgerald Papers consists of manuscripts, correspondence, miscellaneous notes and related material, documents, pictures, clippings, and photographs of American author Zelda Fitzgerald.

  • F. Scott Fitzgerald Papers. 1897-1944 (inclusive).

    Call Number: C0187

    The F. Scott Fitzgerald Papers (C0187) is a comprehensive literary archive containing the original manuscripts, working drafts, corrected galleys, personal and professional correspondence, autobiographical scrapbooks, photographs, and other original materials of F. Scott Fitzgerald (1896-1940), Princeton Class of 1917.

  • F. Scott Fitzgerald Additional Papers. 1909-2013 (inclusive).

    Call Number: C0188

    Since 1950, the Princeton University Library has been successful in acquiring additional manuscripts and related materials to complement the F. Scott Fitzgerald Papers (C0187). The F. Scott Fitzgerald Additional Papers (C0188) is comprised of Fitzgerald manuscripts (including his published juvenilia), letters, documents, photographs, tape recordings, memorabilia, and other materials donated by the author's family, friends, and publishers.

  • Thomas Daniels' Collations of F. Scott Fitzgerald's Short Stories. 1920-1978 (inclusive).

    Call Number: C0363

    Consists of collations by Thomas Daniels of over forty of short stories in American and British magazines by American novelist and storywriter F. Scott Fitzgerald.

  • John Biggs Collection of F. Scott Fitzgerald Estate Papers. 1936-1978 (inclusive), 1940-1949 (bulk).

    Call Number: C0628

    Consists of the correspondence and legal documents of John Biggs (Princeton Class of 1918) accumulated as executor and trustee of the estate of F. Scott Fitzgerald (Princeton Class of 1917).

  • Arthur Mizener Papers on F. Scott Fitzgerald. 1941-1982 (inclusive), 1947-1951 (bulk).

    Call Number: C0634

    Consists of correspondence, manuscripts, and printed material relating to the Fitzgerald biography The Far Side of Paradise (1951) by the literary critic, editor, biographer, author, and educator Arthur Mizener.

  • Craig House Medical Records on Zelda Fitzgerald. 1932-1934 (inclusive).

    Call Number: C0745

    Zelda Fitzgerald, wife of the American novelist and storywriter F. Scott Fitzgerald, wrote of their turbulent life and marriage in her novel Save Me the Waltz (1932). This collection consists of psychiatric evaluations, correspondence, and reports concerning Zelda Fitzgerald when she was a patient at Craig House, Beacon, N.Y., under the care of Dr. C. Jonathan Slocum.

  • Landon T. Raymond Papers on the Class of 1917. 1913-1973 (inclusive).

    Call Number: C0751

    Consists of typescripts of letters by Landon T. Raymond (Princeton Class of 1917) to his parents and other family members while at Princeton University and overseas during World War I; a diary for 1918; a file of correspondence related to his collection of books by and about members of the Class of 1917, especially F. Scott Fitzgerald.

  • Garland Publishing, Inc., Records. 1969-1991 (inclusive).

    Call Number: C0850

    This collection consists of correspondence of various Garland Publishing, Inc. staff members with authors, editors, and others, concerning permissions, copyrights, and production and editorial matters relating to their publication of facsimile and reprint editions of works by established writers. Also present are company catalogs and brochures arranged in two series, chronologically (1987-1996) and by subject.

  • Ginevra King Collection Relating to F. Scott Fitzgerald. 1913-1949 (inclusive).

    Call Number: C0950

    Consists of material relating to Ginerva King's romantic relationship with American author F. Scott Fitzgerald.

  • H. N. Swanson Files on F. Scott Fitzgerald. 1934-1956 (inclusive).

    Call Number: C1089

    Consists primarily of correspondence between F. Scott Fitzgerald's East Coast literary agent, Harold Ober, and his Hollywood agent, H. N. Swanson, from 20 November 1934 through 4 April 1956.

  • C. Lawton Campbell Papers. 1904-1974 (inclusive), 1914-1962 (bulk).

    Call Number: TC008

    Charles Lawton Campbell (Princeton Class of 1916) was an American playwright and advertising writer. His collection contains ninety-four drafts, fragments, and fully-conceived plays, as well as poems, essays, and an autobiography covering fifty years of his life as a devotee of the theater.