Biography and History

John James Audubon was an ornithologist, artist, and naturalist. He was illegitimately born to a French slave trader and a Creole woman on April 26, 1785 in Les Cayes, Saint-Domingue in the West Indies, or what is now Haiti. Later in his childhood he moved to France, and when he was 18 moved to the United States. Audubon began to develop an interest in North American birds as he unsuccessfully moved through careers as a mine owner, a shopkeeper, and a businessman. Eventually settling into whatever odd jobs he could obtain, Audubon began seeking a printer in Europe to publish his drawings of American birds. In 1838, Audubon finally published his The Birds of America through publisher Robert Havell of London. From 1839 to his death on January 27, 1851, Audubon remained primarily in New York, working on another edition of his book and a new book, Viviparous Quadrupeds of North America, with his sons.

Source: From the finding aid for C0006

Occupations

  • Artists -- United States -- 19th century..
  • Ornithologists -- United States -- 19th century..
  • John James Audubon Collection. 1788-1969 (inclusive).

    Call Number: C0006

    John James Audubon was a nineteenth century ornithologist, artist, and naturalist who published his illustrations of American birds and American quadrupeds. This collection includes several original manuscripts, transcripts of manuscripts, photostats, and other printed material related to Audubon.

  • John James Audubon Collection. 1788-1969 (inclusive).

    Call Number: C0006

    John James Audubon was a nineteenth century ornithologist, artist, and naturalist who published his illustrations of American birds and American quadrupeds. This collection includes several original manuscripts, transcripts of manuscripts, photostats, and other printed material related to Audubon.