Biography and History

Çakmak was born in Istanbul, Turkey, in 1876 to a family rich in the tradition of military service. Beginning in 1899, he actively participated in the military actions in the Balkans, which included the Balkan Wars, World War I, and the War of Independence. Later Çakmak developed a career as a government official, first as part of the Ottoman Government and later the Turkish Republic. He held various positions which include Chief of the General Staff, Minister of War, Minister of National Defense, and Head of the Council of Ministers. Çakmak died on April 10, 1950. 1

Information collected from Nilüfer Hatemi, “Unfolding a Life: Marshal Fevzi Çakmak's Diaries” (Ph.D diss., Princeton University, 2000).

Source: From the finding aid for C0928