Biography and History

Eleanor L. Dulles (1895-1996) was an economic specialist for the U.S. State Department from 1942 to 1962. She was most prominently known for her work in rebuilding West Berlin from 1952 to 1960. Dulles also taught economics and finance at several universities and was the author of several books.

Eleanor Lansing Dulles was born in Watertown, New York on June 1, 1895. She was the sister of former Secretary of State John Foster Dulles and Central Intelligence Agency Director Allen Dulles. She attended Bryn Mawr College, earning her undergraduate degree in 1917 and a master's degree in labor and industrial science in 1920. During the early 1920s, she studied and worked in industry in the United States and England. Dulles received a master's degree from Radcliff College in 1924 and a doctorate in economics from Harvard University in 1926. From 1924 to 1936, Dulles studied and taught economics and finance at many different universities in the United States and across Europe, including the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania and Bryn Mawr. During this period, she also authored several books on international finance.

Dulles entered U.S. government service in 1936, becoming director of financial research of the Social Security Board. In 1942, she left the Social Security Board to accept a position in the State Department. Initially her work was involved with postwar planning in international finance. Dulles was a member of the United States delegation at the Bretton Woods conference on international finance in 1944, and for the next seven years worked to implement the Marshall Plan in Austria. From 1952 to 1959, she was a prominent figure in the economic and cultural rebuilding of West Berlin. From 1959 to 1962, she conducted studies of sixty underdeveloped countries for the Office of Intelligence and Research on issues related to foreign aid programs. Dulles resigned from the State Department in 1962, after her brother Allen Dulles left the C.I.A.

After leaving the State Department she wrote articles and books on the political landscape during and after her career in the government. Eleanor Dulles died on November 4, 1996 in Washington, D.C. at the age of 101.

Source: From the finding aid for MC229

  • Eleanor L. Dulles Papers. 1863-1989 (inclusive), 1955-1989 (bulk).

    Call Number: MC229

    Eleanor L. Dulles (1895-1996) was an economic specialist for the U.S. State Department from 1942 to 1962. She was most prominently known for her work in rebuilding West Berlin from 1952 to 1960. Dulles's papers document her political writings after her retirement from the State Department in 1962, as well as her fundraising work with the John Foster Dulles Memorial Fund, and include drafts of her articles and books, topical files, and some correspondence.

  • Eleanor L. Dulles Papers. 1863-1989 (inclusive), 1955-1989 (bulk).

    Call Number: MC229

    Eleanor L. Dulles (1895-1996) was an economic specialist for the U.S. State Department from 1942 to 1962. She was most prominently known for her work in rebuilding West Berlin from 1952 to 1960. Dulles's papers document her political writings after her retirement from the State Department in 1962, as well as her fundraising work with the John Foster Dulles Memorial Fund, and include drafts of her articles and books, topical files, and some correspondence.