Biography and History

James Madison was a noted statesman and the fourth President of the United States. Born in 1751 in Port Conway, Virginia, Madison studied history and government at the College of New Jersey (later Princeton University). He is widely considered to be one of the founding fathers of the United States and was active in the framing of the Virginia Constitution in 1776, the Continental Congress, and the Virginia Assembly. He collaborated with Alexander Hamilton and John Jay on the Federalist essays, which contributed to the eventual ratification of the United States Constitution, and helped to shape the Bill of Rights and enact the first revenue legislation. Madison served as President Thomas Jefferson's Secretary of State and was elected President in 1808. Under his administration, the United States prohibited trade with Britain, leading to the War of 1812 and the eventual collapse of the Federalist party in the United States. Madison stepped down from the presidency in 1817 and died in 1836.

Source: From the finding aid for C0082