Biography and History

James Madison was a statesman and the fourth president of the United States. Born in 1751 in Port Conway, Virginia, he studied history and government at the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University), where he graduated in 1771. Madison was active in the framing of the Constitution in 1776, and served in the Continental Congress and the Virginia Assembly; he is considered to be one of the founding fathers of the United States. His collaboration with Alexander Hamilton and John Jay on the Federalist essays contributed to the eventual ratification of the United States Constitution, and helped to shape the "Bill of Rights" and to enact the first revenue legislation. Madison served as President Thomas Jefferson's secretary of state and was elected president in 1808. Under his administration, the United States prohibited trade with Britain, leading to the War of 1812 and the eventual collapse of the Federalist party. He stepped down from the presidency in 1817 and died in 1836.

Madison was first engaged to Catherine Floyd; and on September 15, 1794, he married Dolley Payne Todd, a Quaker, and a widow with one son. Madison himself had no children.

Source: From the finding aid for C0207

  • Pinkney Papers. 1804-1911 (inclusive).

    Call Number: C0027

    Consists of papers of the notable American statesman and attorney William Pinkney, including writings, political and diplomatic correspondence from his time as minister to Great Britain and Russia, legal notes, deeds, bookplates, and other assorted papers. The collection also contains some papers from his grandson, William Pinkney Whyte, and a notebook from Joseph White, a Pinkney relative.

  • Edward Coles Papers. 1797-1881 (inclusive).

    Call Number: C0037

    Edward Coles was a prominent anti-slavery political figure, who most notably served as governor of Illinois when the state became officially anti-slavery through a referendum vote. These papers include personal notes from Coles, correspondence to and by Coles with friends, colleagues, and family, documents about Coles, and the writings of other people.

  • Jasper E. Crane Collection of James and Dolley Madison. 1783-1850 (inclusive).

    Call Number: C0082

    The Jasper E. Crane Collection of James and Dolley Madison consists of manuscripts, correspondence, documents, and other related material of both James (Class of 1771) and Dolley Madison, collected by Jasper E. Crane (Class of 1901).

  • James Madison Collection. 1770-1927 (inclusive).

    Call Number: C0207

    Consists of selected material of James Madison, fourth president of the United States, and correspondence of his wife, Dolley Payne Todd Madison.

  • James Madison, the Virginia Revolutionist by Irving Brant. 1940.

    Call Number: C0296

    Consists of the original typed draft with holograph corrections of Irving Brant's biography James Madison, the Virginia Revolutionist

  • John Story Gulick Collection of American Statesmen. 1785-1884 (inclusive).

    Call Number: C0964

    Consists of autograph letters of Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, John Hancock, Henry Clay, John Quincy Adams, and other American statesmen, collected by John S. Gulick and his wife, Elizabeth Milligan Gulick.

  • John Payne Todd Correspondence. 1810-1824 (bulk), 1792-1824 (inclusive).

    Call Number: C1224

    Consists of selected correspondence of John Payne Todd, stepson of President James Madison.