Biography and History

Caroline Ferguson Gordon, born October 6, 1895, grew up on a farm in Kentucky. In 1925 she married Allen Tate, a poet and literary critic who led the charge of the Southern Agrarian literary movement. Together they pursued their careers in writing, forging close bonds with legendary figures like Robert Lowell, Hart Crane, Flannery O'Connor and Katherine Anne Porter. In 1931, Caroline published her first novel, Penhally, and in 1934 released her most popular work Aleck Maury, Sportsman. Her relationship with Tate grew volatile, and they divorced, remarried, and finally divorced permanently in 1959. Caroline continued to move around the country throughout her life, living at various times in North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, and Washington state. In 1978 she moved to San Cristóbal de las Casas in Chiapas, Mexico, to be with her daughter and died there on April 11, 1981.

Source: From the finding aid for C0052

Biography and History

Caroline Gordon was a noted American novelist and literary critic. "Old Red," her best known story, published in Scribner's Magazine, was awarded a second-place O. Henry Award in 1934. Third-place recipients that year included Pearl Buck, William Faulkner, William Saroyan, John Steinbeck, and Thomas Wolfe. Gordon was married twice (and divorced twice) to poet Allen Tate.

Source: From the finding aid for C0249

Biography and History

Caroline Gordon was an American teacher, literary critic and novelist. A 1916 graduate of Bethany College in West Virginia, Gordon worked as a writer for the Chattanooga Reporter until 1924. In 1931, Gordon published her first novel, Penhally. Gordon was a recipient of a 1932 Guggenheim Fellowship and the 1934 O. Henry Award. Gordon was married to poet Allen Tate from 1925 to1945 and from 1946 to1959.

Source: From the finding aid for C0578

Biography and History

Caroline Ferguson Gordon, born October 6, 1895, grew up on a farm in Kentucky. In 1925 she married John Orley Allen Tate, a poet with whom she had one child. Together they pursued their careers in writing, involved with writing circles in New York's Greenwich village and the American expatriates in Europe. In 1931, Caroline published her first novel, Penhally, and in 1934 released her most popular work Aleck Maury, Sportsman. Her relationship with her husband remained volatile, and they divorced, remarried, and finally divorced permanently in 1959. Allen Tate's career was more successful and Caroline frequently felt out-performed by him. Caroline continued to move around the country throughout her life, living at various times in North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, and Washington State. In 1978 she moved to Mexico to be with her daughter and died there on April 11, 1981.

Source: From the finding aid for C0806

Occupations

  • Novelists, American -- 20th century..
  • Women novelists, American -- 20th century..
  • Caroline Gordon Papers. 1926-1979 (bulk), 1868-1995 (inclusive).

    Call Number: C0052

    Caroline Gordon (1895-1981) was an American author. This collection consists of manuscripts of Gordon’s work, including novels, lectures, and poetry. It also includes correspondence with authors and family members, writings of others, and photographs.

  • Ashley Brown collection of Caroline Gordon. 1956-1980 (inclusive).

    Call Number: C0249

    Consists of selected manuscripts and letters of American novelist and literary critic Caroline Gordon, collected by Ashley Brown, a friend and fellow author.

  • Willard Thorp Papers. 1886-1981 (inclusive), 1930-1970 (bulk).

    Call Number: C0292

    The Willard Thorp Papers consists of material which reflects the long careers of American educators, authors, and literary critics Willard and Margaret Thorp. Willard's papers (1923-1981) include correspondence, writings, class lecture notes, documents, journals and diaries, printed matter, photographs, and papers of others during his writing and teaching years at Princeton University. Margaret's papers (1917-1960) include writings, correspondence, journals, notebooks, and family sketchbooks and photographs.

  • Caroline Gordon Letters to Morris Gordon. 1963-1977 (inclusive).

    Call Number: C0578

    Consists of 45 letters by American novelist Caroline Gordon to her brother, Morris Meriwether Gordon, and his wife, Polly.

  • Caroline Gordon Collection. 1939-1982 (inclusive), 1970-1980 (bulk).

    Call Number: C0806

    Consists of selected papers of American novelist Caroline Gordon, including some of her correspondence with various family members, friends, and literary associates.