Biography and History

  1. 1781: Birth in Paris of Eugène de Beauharnais, son of Alexander Beauharnais and Marie “Josephine” Rose de Tascher de La Pagerie
  2. 1794: Death of Alexander Beauharnais by execution
  3. 1796: Marriage of Napoleon and Josephine; becomes aide-de-camp to Napoleon in first Italian campaign
  4. 1797: Commissioned in the Hussars
  5. 1798: Chosen aide-de-camp to Napoleon in campaign in Egypt
  6. 1804: Napoleon becomes Emperor of the French
  7. 1805: Beauharnais named Viceroy of Italy
  8. 1806: Marries Augusta-Amalia, Princess of Bavaria, daughter of Maximillian I; adopted by Napoleon
  9. 1807: Created Prince of Venice; reorganizes public finances and civil service; builds new roads and introduces the French legal system
  10. 1809: Named commander-in-chief of the Italian Army; defeats Austrians at Rabb and fights at Wagram; divorce of Napoleon and Josephine
  11. 1812: Fights in the Russian campaign; retreats to the Elbe River, Germany, and holds this position until Napoleon's arrival in 1813
  12. 1813: Returns to Italy; campaigns against Austria
  13. 1814: Napoleon's abdication; Beauharnais remains loyal; family returns to Bavaria; received by Louis XVIII in Paris; attends the Congress of Vienna; conducts armistice with Austrians; not allowed to retain his kingdom in Italy
  14. 1815: Retires to Bavaria; created Duke of Leuchtenberg and Prince of Eichstätt; involved in marriage politics of his two sons and four daughters
  15. 1824: Death of Beauharnais

Source: From the finding aid for C0645

  • Eugène de Beauharnais Collection. 1788-1849 (inclusive), 1805-1814 (bulk).

    Call Number: C0645

    This collection contains correspondence, reports, and documents of Eugène de Beauharnais relating to European military affairs during the Napoleonic era, which were primarily accumulated by him in his capacity as viceroy of the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy (1805-1814). Also included are papers documenting Beauharnais' position at the Congress of Vienna (1814-1815), his establishment in the Bavarian duchy of Leuchtenberg (1817), and his later life as Prince d'Eichstätt (1817-1824).