Biography and History

Alexander Hamilton was born on the island of Nevis in the British West Indies on January 11, 1757. He immigrated to the United States in 1772, and he received educational training in the schools of Elizabethtown, N.J., and at King's College (now Columbia University). Hamilton was appointed aide-de-camp to General Washington in 1777; he was a member of the Continental Congress (1782-1783) and an influential member of the Philadelphia Constitutional Convention in 1787 which adopted the Constitution of the United States. He also put the new United States of America on a sound economic footing as its first and most influential secretary of the Treasury, establishing the First Bank of the United States, public credit and the foundations for American capitalism, and stock and commodity exchanges. Mortally wounded in a duel with Aaron Burr at Weehawken, N.J., he died in New York City the following day on July 12, 1804.

Source: From the finding aid for C1067