Biography and History

Jelal A. Azal was an Iranian Muslim scholar living in Cyprus. Bahaullah was the half-brother of Subh-I Azal who was an important leader of the Babi movement to which Bahaullah also belonged. When both men were sent into exile by the Iranian authorities, Bahaullah broke away from the Babi movement then led by his half-brother and announced his mission from God to form a new religion. Subh-I Azal had two sons, Ahmad and Jalal; hence, Jalal Azad is the half-nephew of Bahaullah.

Source: From the finding aid for C0384

  • Jelal A. Azal Papers. 1967-1971 (inclusive).

    Call Number: C0384

    Consists of letters by Jelal A. Azal, an Iranian Muslim scholar in Cyprus, to William McElwee Miller, Presbyterian missionary, regarding the Babi-Bahai movement, documents referred to in the letters, and photographs of Bahai houses of worship in Israel and Chicago.