Biography and History

Joseph Bloomfield was an early governor of New Jersey. He was educated at the Rev. Enoch Green's Academy. He served as mayor of Bloomfield (1795-1800), clerk of the state assembly, register of the court of admiralty, and attorney general of New Jersey. In 1801 he was elected governor of the New Jersey legislature over Richard Stockton; re-elected in1804, he served till 1812. As governor, he signed the gradual emancipation act in 1804, which reduced the slave population in New Jersey from six percent in 1800 to eighteen individuals by the year 1860. Also as governor, he requested the prosecutor of Bergen County to acquit Aaron Burr for shooting Alexander Hamilton in their duel at Weehawken. In 1812 president Madison appointed Bloomfield brigadier general in the United States Army. He was also elected twice to Congress, from March 4, 1817, to March 4, 1821

Source: From the finding aid for C1011

  • Joseph Bloomfield Collection. 1794-1813 (inclusive).

    Call Number: C1011

    Consists chiefly of correspondence between New Jersey mayor and governor Joseph Bloomfield and Nicholas Biddle, David Brearley, Aaron Burr, Thomas P. Johnson, Samuel McLane, Edward Miller, and Rev. Andrew Hunter.