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Series 1: Correspondence and Personal Material comprises the most voluminous series in Gillett Griffin's papers. Griffin was a prolific correspondent who often created several drafts of his letters and illustrated their salutations. Griffin filed correspondence in several different alphabetical runs. Some correspondence was also unfiled. The bulk of the letters were received by Griffin, but drafts or copies of his own letters are also present.
Series 3: Artwork, 1937-2010 5 boxes
Artwork includes primarily drawings and sketches. The series also contains some pastels and paintings, printing and printing plates, as well as childhood artwork, pieces from Griffin's studies at Yale, and book designs. The bulk of the drawings in this series are undated and unsigned, but many of the sketches appear to date from the 1990s and 2000s. Human figures are the most common theme. A great number of drawings were labeled "erotic" by Griffin and were often stored, as was much of his correspondence and artwork, in interoffice envelopes. Erotic drawings of men appear throughout the series, not only in the folders so labeled.
Series 5: Photographs, 1938-2016 2 boxes
Photographs include personal snapshots, travel photos, photographs of art objects, and some formal portraits of Griffin and others. The series includes several personal photograph albums, a box of color slides, and two VHS tapes. Some photographs were exposed to moisture and are damaged or stuck together.
Agenda "Actividad Semanal" (poemas de 1952-2003), 1941-2006 1 folder
HAS ONLINE CONTENT
Box b-001067, Folder 1
Agenda con actividad semanal y anotaciones varias. Contiene poesías manuscritas no incluidas en su Poesía completa con fecha de 1952 a 2003. Incluye un poema fechado en 1941, 8 hojas a máquina con poemas, 2 invitaciones a eventos, un email, fotocopia de un artículo de prensa y dos recortes de hojas manuscritas.
Cuadernos y agendas, 1941-2006 2 boxes
SOME ONLINE CONTENT
Incluye cuadernos y una agenda que Vilariño utilizó para realizar anotaciones sobre diversos temas como el tango, la crítica literaria, Octavio Paz, Roland Barthes, Arthur Schopenhauer, entre otros. La mayoría de los cuadernos incluyen las transcripciones de Vilariño de su poesía con índices.
Box b-001069, Folder 6
Contains letters to and from Idea from her siblings, Numen, Azul, and Alma (de Baltar). Includes one telegram from "Claps" (possibly Manuel Arturo Claps) to Alma.
Incluye correspondencia entre Vilariño y sus hermanos/as, invitaciones a eventos y cartas de su tiempo como profesora de literatura en la Universidad de la República Uruguay.
Fotografías de familia en blanco y negro, 1931-1960s 1 folder
HAS ONLINE CONTENT
Box b-001071, Folder 7
Sobre que contiene 28 fotos originales en blanco y negro de Idea y su familia (hermanos, padres) de diversos tamaños.
Box b-001071, Folder 8
Libreta de su sociedad médica, donde se destaca su nombre completo Elena Idea Vilariño.
Material personal, 1931-2006 1 box
SOME ONLINE CONTENT
Incluye fotografías familiares, algunos recibos y una cartilla médica que resume el historial médico de Vilariño.
Contiene material impreso acerca de Vilariño.
Los archivos adicionales incluyen libros de la biblioteca personal de Vilariño, principalmente libros anotados escritos por otros autores como Narciso Pizarro, Octavio Paz, Pablo Rocca, José Santos Gónzalez Vera, Ernesto Sábato, Daniel Vidart, Mario Benedetti y Rubén Dário. También incluye libros anotados por y sobre la autora; dos poemas escritos a mano firmados por Vilariño; una carta de la hermana de Vilariño, Poema; y un cuaderno de poemas inéditos escritos por Jorge Liberati. La descripción se basa principalmente en la descripción del comerciante.
Tribal Lands Expansion, 1942-1993 2 folders
Box 22, Folder 5-6
Reservation Deeds, 1913-1984 1 folder
Box 4, Folder 10
Land Claims, 1917-1984 3 folders
Box 17, Folder 1-3
Water Documents, 1910-1986 1 folder
Box 5, Folder 8
Chuichu Area, 1943-1989 4 folders
Box 12, Folder 2-5
Gila Bend, 1909-1986 5 folders
Box 14, Folder 1-5
Box 15, Folder 2-4
Box 16, Folder 17
Box 16, Folder 1
Box 16, Folder 8-9
Founding Documents, 1912-1973 1 folder
Box 21, Folder 1
Series 1 primarily pertains to the land and water rights of specific American Indian tribes or peoples. Most of the communities represented by Byler are native to the Southwest, especially Arizona, though issues related to tribes and peoples residing in Washington state, the Midwest, and the Southeast are also documented.
This subseries contains photographs, negatives, transparencies, architectural drawings and reproductions, sketches, and calculations, along with occasional project files, notes, and correspondence regarding a wide range of Félix Candela's building and design projects. Files on specific building projects are organized into twelve conceptual categories based on a topic, generally a specific architectural feature or theme, following their original organizational logic. Rather than providing complete project files, these files primarily visually document finished projects and projects under construction. Contents are mainly photographic in nature, accompanied by architectural drawings for some projects, and less often, paper files. Accordingly, materials in individual files are primarily photographic, unless otherwise noted at the file level.
Box 11, Folder 46-49
Includes microfilm copies of many articles from the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique.
This subseries includes slides and negatives documenting Candela's work that he arranged by medium type and kept separately from the photographic materials included in his conceptual files. The largest group of slides follows an original numerical order that corresponds to an accompanying inventory, which can be found in Box 8, Folder 20. Researchers should consult this inventory when searching the numerical slides for images of specific buildings. Although most slide sheets include pictures of several different buildings, their original order was maintained to preserve context. Also present are slides that Candela kept by topic, arranged alphabetically, as well as a group of photographic negatives of works by Candela and microfilmed copies of technical articles on various structural engineering concepts. Slides are primarily in color and often individually marked with their location, while negatives are mainly in black-and-white and occasionally in color. Negatives were often unmarked with any identifying information, although this information was preserved when it existed. While most slides and negatives were sleeved in archival preservers, a group of unsorted negatives that were too curled to be unrolled safely were stored separately in small bags within an artifact box. A small amount of nitrate film was segregated for cold storage.
Box 14, Folder 1-2
Contains a set of slides, photographs, and negatives from Candela's collection of personal and professional photographs that were published in Félix Candela: Engineer, Builder, Structural Artist, arranged by chapter in the order in which they appeared in the book, although there may be some minor variations from their layout in the final text.
Personal Photographs, 1910s-1990s 1 folder
Box 14, Folder 3
Subseries 1C: Photographs for Félix Candela: Engineer, Builder, Structural Artist, 1910s-2007 (mostly 1950-1969) 1 box
This subseries contains photographs, slides, and negatives that are arranged based on their use as research materials or published images for Félix Candela: Engineer, Builder, Structural Artist, a scholarly book on Candela and his work by Princeton professors Maria Garlock and David Billington, which was published by the Princeton University Art Museum in 2008, in conjunction with an exhibition of the same title that ran from October 10, 2008 through February 22, 2009. While materials in this subseries also depict the construction and completion of many of Candela's major building projects, their arrangement reflects their use in the book rather than their original order in Candela's personal papers. This subseries includes a group of images published in the book, arranged by its authors by chapter and marked with the corresponding figure number. Occasionally, images are accompanied by notes about their location in the original arrangement. Also present are topical photographic files based on major projects or types of structures, which formed focal points for the book.
This series contains materials related to Félix Candela's professional work as an architect, structural engineer, and master builder, both for his own company and as a technical advisor for other firms. Included are many black-and-white and color photographs, slides, negatives, and transparencies showing Candela's finished structures and works under construction, along with some architectural drawings, sketches, and designs, and a smaller quantity of maps, calculations, and project files pertaining to specific buildings. Rather than serving as traditional architectural project files, the materials in this series document the design, construction, and completed forms of many of Candela's buildings, primarily through photographs, and secondarily, through Candela's architectural drawings and specifications, which provide insight into his design process. This series includes an original run of conceptual files on specific buildings, arranged by architectural feature or theme, that contain both photographic materials and architectural drawings. Also present is a group of slides and negatives of Candela's work, along with microfilms of technical articles related to his projects, that he organized separately by medium, and additionally, a group of Candela's photographic materials, which were later arranged based on their use for research and publication in a book by Maria Garlock and David Billington, Félix Candela: Engineer, Builder, Structural Artist (Princeton University Art Museum, 2008). These divisions were preserved in order to maintain contextual evidence regarding use and original organization. Researchers looking for photographs of a specific building should note that relevant materials may therefore be present in all three subseries.
Box 17, Folder 8-9
Original folder was retained and includes a detailed list of contents.
Artículos Microfilmados, 1937-1952 1 folder
Box 17, Folder 11
Includes prints made from microfilm of technical articles by others. The original folder was retained, which contains a detailed description of contents, likely including many articles Candela translated. Additional technical articles on microfilm that Candela filed with his photographic negatives can be found in Series 1.
Articles, 1937-1982 1 box
This file group primarily contains drafts and typescripts of articles written or translated by Candela, which he kept alongside microfilm reproductions and copies of articles that he translated. Also included are some of his political writings, as well as copies of journals and clippings of magazine articles written by Candela.
This series includes drafts, typescripts, handwritten notes, and clippings of Candela's lectures and published papers, itineraries, receipts, and correspondence related to his international travels and participation in conferences worldwide, along with drafts and clippings of his published articles and translations. These materials, which Candela filed together, pertain broadly to his role as a leader in the field of architecture and as an advocate for innovative methods of thin-shell concrete design. Beginning in the 1950s, Candela became an outspoken proponent of a new type of structural analysis that de-emphasized overly complex mathematical calculations in favor of a more thorough theoretical understanding of forms based on principles of geometry. His public lectures and writings promoted an economy of design that was not divorced from aesthetic concerns, made strong arguments against classical structural analysis, and at the same time, attracted attention and publicity to his firm, Cubiertas Ala. Materials in this series reflect Candela's regular participation in international professional conferences, meetings, and publications related to architecture and structural design, and the viewpoints he promoted. Some writings and typescripts of Candela's lectures regarding topics tangential to architecture, such as politics and urban planning, are also included.
Expense Ledgers, 1945-1954 1 folder
Box 21, Folder 5
From 1968 until his death in 1997, Candela scrupulously kept daily appointment books, in which he often took notes in great detail on his day-to-day activities, primarily regarding his personal life, but also pertaining to some professional meetings and events. This subseries contains a comprehensive set of these appointment books covering a span of almost 30 years. While appointment books for some years contain more sparse notes, most contain frequent and detailed descriptions of Candela's meals, travels, phone conversations, progress with construction and renovation work on his home, personal relationships, and other matters. Also included are occasional notes about his travels to give lectures and presentations at universities and conferences around the world, his deadlines for providing drawings for design projects and collaborations, and financial matters regarding payment for his work. In addition to appointment books, this subseries also includes two expense ledgers that Candela kept alongside his daily planners, regarding his properties and his children, as well as several address books and loose pages from address books, which are filled with information about his personal and professional contacts.
Identification Papers, 1938-1980 1 folder
Box 23, Folder 12
Includes originals and Xerox copies of Candela's passports, naturalization certificates, and other legal documents.
Félix Candela wrote an autobiography in the 1990s, which was never finished. This subseries contains a copy of the complete draft of the existing autobiography, along with preliminary materials, including detailed chronologies of life events and professional projects, early chapter drafts, selected bibliographies of writings by and about Candela, lists of completed architectural works, and clippings regarding Candela and his life's work. Autobiography drafts are primarily print-outs of documents typed on a computer, for which the corresponding digital files are not a part of the collection. Also present are a transcript of an extensive recorded interview with Rafael López Palanco in 1985, several unattributed cartoon sketches of Candela, and a group of identification papers, including passports, citizenship papers, and other official documents and copies. Researchers should note that these materials are primarily in Spanish.
Box 24, Folder 3
Includes a sleeve of related loose photographs.
Box 23, Folder 14
This subseries contains personal and travel photographs of Félix Candela, often with his family, including early black-and-white photographs, contemporary color photographs, occasional negatives and slides, and several photograph albums. Early photographs albums from the 1920s-1940s show Candela as a young athlete during his school days in Spain, as well as his trips throughout Spain and Mexico with his first wife, Eladia Martín, and their family. Prior to the Spanish Civil War, Candela was a competitive athlete in Spain, playing for the national rugby team and winning championships in both pole-vaulting and ski-jumping. Of note in this subseries is a group of photographs showing Candela competing in these and other sports, including skiing, mountain-climbing, pole-vaulting, and rugby. Also present are travel shots of Candela in later years, often accompanied by his wife, Dorothy Candela, also an architect, in locations such as British Guiana, the United States, Spain, Iran, Peru, Argentina, Armenia, Bulgaria, and England. Candela's interest in regional design styles is also reflected in his travel photographs, which include many shots of local architecture, ruins, and churches in the various countries he visited. Photographs of Candela at several gallery openings and exhibitions are also present, along with photographs of him with other architects, including Fernando Higueras.
Awards and Certificates, 1941-1965 1 folder
Box 4, Folder 7
Includes a partial inventory of awards that was received with the collection.
Subseries 4E: Awards, 1941-1994 5 boxes
This subseries includes awards, certificates, honorary diplomas, and plaques that Candela received throughout his career recognizing his contributions to the field of architecture. Beginning in the 1960s, Candela garnered an increasing amount of attention and publicity for his work in thin-shell concrete design that lasted throughout his life as he continued to travel and lecture publicly. Although Candela never managed to continue his formal studies following his years in Madrid, he received honorary doctorates from the University of New Mexico, the University of Illinois, and Universidad de Sevilla, as well as an honorary plaque in the 1990s, recognizing his achievements, from La Escuela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura de Madrid, where he completed his education in the 1930s. Most awards and certificates on paper are described at the folder level, with three-dimensional wooden and stone plaques, requiring separate housing due to their size and weight, described individually. A partial inventory of awards present in these files, which was received with the collection, can be found in Box 4, Folder 7.
This series contains materials primarily related to Candela's personal life and activities, including appointment books, financial ledgers, address books, student notebooks, drawing portfolios, study guides, autobiographical writings with related clippings and documents, personal photographs of Candela traveling with his family, and various awards and honorary certificates he received throughout his career. Contents range from school work and black-and-white photographs from Candela's early education and athletic career in Spain to contemporary color photographs of Candela in his later years traveling in Europe and South America alongside his wife, Dorothy Candela. A complete run of appointment books spanning from 1968 until 1997 is also present, containing a great deal of information about his daily activities and interactions.
Exposiciones Generales, 1939-1954 1 folder
Box 26, Folder 11
Box 26, Folder 12
Puentes, 1943-1973 1 folder
Box 32, Folder 2
Subject Files, 1939-1980s 4 boxes
Includes topical reference clippings on various architectural themes and styles.
Box 26, Folder 19-21
Includes 7 bound volumes on architecture and related subjects, many of which are signed and notated by Félix Candela. Of note is a 1767 copy of El Arquitecto Práctico by Antonio Plo y Camín and Jean Minguet.
Box 34, Folder 1-16
This series includes clippings and print materials related to architecture in general, as well as to Candela's own work, that he collected along with his papers as reference materials. After his exile from Spain following the Spanish Civil War, Candela never continued his formal study of architecture. Instead, during his early years in Mexico, he educated himself on the topic of thin-shell construction through independent reading and subscribing to various architectural journals and reviews, some of which he retained and are included in this series.
Consists of tearsheets for works such as "The Sensible Thing," "Bernice Bobs Her Hair," and "A New Leaf," as well as others.
Box 15, Folder 3
Galley Proofs of Bitter Creek, 1938-1951 4 folders
Box 3, Folder 1-4
Series 6: Additions, 1932-1968 3 boxes
Consists largely of manuscripts, correspondence, and notes regarding "Sexual Autobiography" and "Animal, Vegetable, Mineral."
Box 1, Folder 7
Box 1, Folder 8
Consists largely of correspondence with Ernest and Pauline Hemingway and Mr. and Mrs. Paul Pfeiffer.
Consists of Ernest Hemingway's will and Pauline Hemingway's passports.
Box 1, Folder 6
Additional Notes, 1844-1948 2 folders
Box 2, Folder 3-4
Includes binders containing research notes on iconography, along with small drawings of border ornaments, notes on "Stuttgart Psalter", Friend's 1946 contribution to the Dumbarton Oaks Symposium on "Mosaics of Basil I in Hagia Sophia," along with a program and summaries of papers for various symposia from 1948 to 1951, teaching and lecture notes and a syllabus for a course on Modern Painting (Spring 1943 ART 312), lectures in Modern Painting February-May 1934 Vol. III, Dumbarton Oaks Lectures, Rabula Gospels and the Church of Sion, Mosaics of Basil I in Hagia Sophia I and II (1945 April 2-4 and 1946 May 3), along with files of writings on "Basis on Style," "Ancient Ornament (Archit. 509)," "Northern Renaissance," "Dürer and Hercules Borghese," "Rubens and the Antique," "Baroque," "Romantic and Realistic Spirit in Art," "Fact and Interpretation (Short form) D.P.H. 1944 (Aug 9, 1944)," "Art - [?] and meaning, Sept 1 1943," "Style," "Ancient Portraiture," and "Lecture (Bryn Mawr College Feb 21, 1950, 8:30 pm) The Holy Apostles Church, Restoration of Mosaics."
Includes various notes, writings, drawings, and lectures, including files labeled, "Holy Apostles Church Restoration of the Mosaics, A. M. Friend, Jr., Bryn Mawr Lecture, Feb. 21, 1950 (Feast of Orthodoxy, Feb. 26, 1950), St. Tarasius," a brown notebook labeled "Notes, Greek, MSS Paris, GR 70," notecards on various topics, mostly greek philosophers and writers, and notebooks labeled "Evangelists, Standing Type, Alexandria, Greek, Syriac, Antioch, Armenian, Slavonic, Russian," "Evangelists, Seated, Type, Greek, Ephesus," Greek, Ephesus", "Evangelists, Old Latin, Irish", "Evangelists, Cassiodorus, Alcuin," "Ancient, PTG., 1917," and "Ital. Paint., A M Friend Jr, 3A Campbell."
Includes a report from Friend to Professor Paul J. Sachs, Chairman of the Administrative Committee, Dumbarton Oaks, November 2, 1946, along with files on materials on "Byzantine Studies at Dumbarton Oaks, A.M. Friend Jr., Saturday, April 26, 1947," "Iconography: Anastasis," "The Iconography of the Crucifixion, Part I., Evolution of the Byzantine Type, April 1916, A.M. Friend Jr., Princeton University," "Iconography: Metamorphosis (Sinai)," "Pskov – Mirozhsky Ch of Transfiguration," "Sion Church, Apse," "Constant Rhodes," "Mesarites," "Dumbarton Oaks Symposium of Iconoclasm (1951 April 26-28)," "Symposium 1946, Dumbarton Oaks," "Summaries of Symposium Papers for 1951 Symposium on Iconoclasm," which primarily contain handwritten notes along with some photographs.
Includes correspondence from the 1930s through 1950s, along with files labeled "American Academy in Rome," "Bicentennial Arrangements," "Religion and the Plastic Arts," "American School at Athens (Alex Robinson)," "Byzantine Exhibition Baltimore," "A. G. Cotton, Leofric's Landevennec Gospels," "Notes: Cotton," "Cotton, Leofric Gospels," "Florovsky," "McCormick," "Mommsen," "Schwarzenberg," "Rome, Vatican, Museo profano, Ivory disc of poet," "G. A. Canini, Iconografia Tav 28 Sophocles-inscribed Pindaros," "Gerasa: Trans-Jordan, Nymphaeum," "Antioch Great Theater Restoration," "Ephesos Theater," along with many folders of photographs and text relating to ancient philosophers and poets and theaters.
Box b-000056, Folder 1
Box b-000056, Folder 2
Brazilian National Constituent Assembly - Súmulas de Pronunciamentos do Deputado, 1946-1947 1 folder
Box b-000056, Folder 3