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Start Over You searched for: Date range 1945 Remove constraint Date range: <span class="single" data-blrl-single="1945">1945</span>

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The ACLU censorship files (18.06 linear feet) contain materials which reflect the ACLU's involvement and interest in guaranteeing that freedom of speech and the press are not abridged. The ACLU fought hard against Post Office censorship, pressure groups, and government to protect the rights of artists, nudists, movie makers, homosexuals, and others to express their views, ideas, and images in books, magazines, and movies. These files are the documentation of that struggle.
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The Loyalty and Security subseries (24.36 linear feet) documents the ACLU's monitoring of and fight against due process abuses that resulted from perceived national security threats during the Cold War. It is arranged chronologically by year and then divided by the headings: miscellaneous, cases, Congressional investigating committees (excluding HUAC), Federal Loyalty Program, Fifth Amendment, House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC), legislation, military security, private industry, and sedition and subversion. The files contain correspondence, memoranda, manuscripts, reports, legal documents, and printed materials.
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The Mass Communications subject files (17.22 linear feet) reflect the ACLU's concern with equality of access to and fairness in use of all forms of mass communications--from newspapers and radio in the 1940s to digital communications in the 1980s. The files consist of correspondence with various ACLU staff members, printed materials, Federal Communications Commission (FCC) documents, background information on mass communications cases of interest to the ACLU, radio and TV scripts, speeches, legislation, ACLU policy statements, newspaper clippings, reports, and memoranda.
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This subseries (11.76 linear feet) consists of correspondence, newspaper clippings, and press releases regarding various bills and acts that interested the ACLU. The material is organized chronologically by year, under federal or state legislature headings, and is then arranged alphabetically with folder titles describing the issue, or bill in question.
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This subseries (0.84 linear feet) documents the ACLU's opposition to the U.S. government relocation of Japanese-Americans living in the western United States to internment camps in the name of national security during World War II. Most Japanese-Americans lost their homes, possessions and in some cases their citizenship. This subseries consists almost entirely of correspondence and court papers documenting individual cases. Issues of concern include citizenship rights, property and land laws, deportations, renunciation cases, education and racism. Please consult the ACLU finding aid, 1917-1950 ("The Baldwin Years") to locate earlier ACLU materials pertaining to the Japanese-American internment.
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The Mental Health subseries (4.2 linear feet) contains files related to the legal rights of the mentally ill, general mental health issues, and the treatment of patients in mental hospitals. The bulk of the collection is comprised of individual case materials in which patients corresponded with ACLU staff seeking help in obtaining their release from mental hospitals. The ACLU legal staff evaluated cases to determine if any patients suffered civil liberties violations.