Contents and Arrangement Expanded View

Collection Overview

Creator:
American Institute of Geonomy and Natural Resources and Princeton University. Department of Geosciences
Collector:
Princeton University. Library. Special Collections
Title:
Department of Geosciences Records
Repository:
Princeton University Archives
Permanent URL:
http://arks.princeton.edu/ark:/88435/8910jt59t
Dates:
1845-2017
Size:
53 boxes, 1 folder, and 1 websites
Storage Note:

Mudd Library collections are unavailable until further notice due to a renovation. See our webpage for the most current information.

Language:
English

Abstract

Established in 1904 as the Department of Geology, and later known as the Department of Geological and Geophysical Sciences, the Department of Geosciences has grown to become the center for the study of Earth, atmospheric, oceanographic, and environmental sciences at Princeton. The records document the department from its 19th-century origins to the recent past with departmental files, faculty files, faculty meeting minutes and visual materials.

Collection Description & Creator Information

Description:

The records document the department from its 19th-century origins to the recent past with departmental files, faculty files, faculty meeting minutes and visual materials. In Series 4, a variety of materials document significant figures in the department such as Arnold Guyot, Richard Field, and William B. Scott. A consistent run of faculty meeting minutes in Series 4 provides a detailed picture of the department's development over the course of the 20th century.

The records are rich in photographs, slides and film that document many of the department's expeditions and excavations in North America‚ÄĒprimarily in the American West. Photographs and negatives appear throughout the records, and not only in Series 7: Photographs. Both Series 5: Field Trips and Expeditions and Series 6: Natural History Museum contain a subseries of photographs.

The collection also includes the records of the defunct organization the American Institute of Geonomy and Natural Resources.

Histories of the department written by members of the department appear in Series 3: Department Administration under "Department Histories."

Collection Creator Biography:

Established in 1904 as the Department of Geology, and later known as the Department of Geological and Geophysical Sciences, the Department of Geosciences has grown to become the center for the study of Earth, atmospheric, oceanographic, and environmental sciences at Princeton. Geoscientific studies at Princeton University date from 1854, when Arnold Guyot was appointed Professor of Geography and Physical Geology. Guyot was the sole instructor in geological sciences for 19 years and he was primarily responsible for the creation of the Geological Museum (located first in Nassau Hall and later in Guyot Hall), which grew from the fossils and geological specimens he collected for instructional purposes. Even in its early years, the department was a leader in geological and paleontological fieldwork. In 1877, three of Guyot's students - William Berryman Scott, Henry F. Osborn and Francis Speer - participated in Princeton's first field expedition to Colorado and Wyoming in order to collect vertebrate fossils. It was the first in a series of expeditions to the American west made by Princeton students and faculty, eight of which Scott himself led between 1882-1893. Scott was awarded the Blair Professorship of Geology and Paleontology in 1884 and was the department chair from 1904-1930. In 1909, five years after its founding, the Department of Geology moved into its home in Guyot Hall, a facility that also housed the department's growing Geological (or Natural History) Museum. Guyot Hall was designed by members of the department and funded by the mother of Cleveland H. Dodge (Class of 1879) who was a University trustee. In 1926, Richard M. Field initiated Princeton's Summer School of Geology and Natural Resources, a still-extant annual field course designed to teach students in techniques of geological and geophysical research. Under the tenure of chairman Harry H. Hess (1950-1966), the Department of Geology expanded its course offerings to touch on many subjects under the umbrella of geological science. In 1968, the name of the department was changed to the Department of Geological and Geophysical Sciences to reflect the new curriculum. The department became known as the Department of Geosciences in 1996.

Established in 1904 as the Department of Geology, and later known as the Department of Geological and Geophysical Sciences, the Department of Geosciences has grown to become the center for the study of Earth, atmospheric, oceanographic, and environmental sciences at Princeton. Geoscientific studies at Princeton University date from 1854, when Arnold Guyot was appointed Professor of Geography and Physical Geology. Guyot was the sole instructor in geological sciences for 19 years and he was primarily responsible for the creation of the Geological Museum (located first in Nassau Hall and later in Guyot Hall), which grew from the fossils and geological specimens he collected for instructional purposes. Even in its early years, the department was a leader in geological and paleontological fieldwork. In 1877, three of Guyot's students - William Berryman Scott, Henry F. Osborn and Francis Speer - participated in Princeton's first field expedition to Colorado and Wyoming in order to collect vertebrate fossils. It was the first in a series of expeditions to the American west made by Princeton students and faculty, eight of which Scott himself led between 1882-1893. Scott was awarded the Blair Professorship of Geology and Paleontology in 1884 and was the department chair from 1904-1930. In 1909, five years after its founding, the Department of Geology moved into its home in Guyot Hall, a facility that also housed the department's growing Geological (or Natural History) Museum. Guyot Hall was designed by members of the department and funded by the mother of Cleveland H. Dodge (Class of 1879) who was a University trustee. In 1926, Richard M. Field initiated Princeton's Summer School of Geology and Natural Resources, a still-extant annual field course designed to teach students in techniques of geological and geophysical research. Under the tenure of chairman Harry H. Hess (1950-1966), the Department of Geology expanded its course offerings to touch on many subjects under the umbrella of geological science. In 1968, the name of the department was changed to the Department of Geological and Geophysical Sciences to reflect the new curriculum. The department became known as the Department of Geosciences in 1996.

Collection History

Acquisition:

Transferred from the Department of Geosciences in 1985 , 1995 [AR.1995.096], 1997 [AR.1997.007], 2004 [AR.2004.079], 2009 [AR.2009.026], 2016 [AR.2016.117], 2017 [AR.2017.001, AR.2017.015, AR.2017.067, and AR.2017.081], and 2018 [AR.2018.026].

Archival Appraisal Information:

Duplicates and published volumes available elsewhere have been separated from the records. Grades from summer field courses during the years 1955-1990 have been separated from the records.

Processing Information:

This collection was processed by Lynn Durgin in October 2010. Finding aid written by Lynn Durgin in October 2010. After significant accessions, the finding aid was revised by Phoebe Nobles in 2018. Materials were added from Accession AR.2019.043 by Kimberly McCauley in July 2019.

Access & Use

Access Restrictions:

The Department of Geosciences Records are open for research. Due to the presence of student educational records and personnel records, access to certain folders is restricted. See individual folder restrictions for more information.

Access to glass-plate negatives is restricted due to their fragility. Where prints of the negatives are present, the prints are open for research use. Though digitization may not be possible for every negative, researchers may make requests to digitize material according to Mudd Library's policy on digitization of photographs.

For a general guide to access restrictions, please see the Access Policy for Princeton University Archives Collections

Conditions for Reproduction and Use:

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. For quotations that are fair use as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission to cite or publish is required. The Trustees of Princeton University hold copyright to all materials generated by Princeton University employees in the course of their work. If copyright is held by Princeton University, researchers will not need to obtain permission, complete any forms, or receive a letter to move forward with non-commercial use of materials from the Mudd Library. For materials where the copyright is not held by the University, researchers are responsible for determining who may hold the copyright and obtaining approval from them. If you have a question about who owns the copyright for an item, you may request clarification by contacting us through the Ask Us! form.

Other Finding Aids:

Full text searching of this collection's archived website is available through the Archive-It interface.

Credit this material:

Department of Geosciences Records; Princeton University Archives, Department of Special Collections, Princeton University Library

Permanent URL:
http://arks.princeton.edu/ark:/88435/8910jt59t
Location:
Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library
Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library
65 Olden Street
Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
(609) 258-6345

Find More

Related Material:

Researchers interested in these materials may also wish to consult the Princeton Scientific Expeditions Collection (AC012), Series 2: Geological Expeditions. In addition, the Special Collections at Firestone Library holds the William Berryman Scott Papers (C0265); a collection of William Libbey Correspondence (C0872); the Charles Henry Smyth Journals (C0823); the Arnold Guyot Collection (C1095); and the Arthur Buddington Lantern Slides of Russia (C1448).

Publication Note:

In the composition of this finding aid's organizational history, the history section of the Department of Geosciences' website (http://www.princeton.edu/geosciences/about/history/) and Alexander Leitch's A Princeton Companion were consulted.

Subject Terms:
Geology -- Study and teaching -- New Jersey -- Princeton.
Universities and colleges -- New Jersey -- Princeton -- Departments.
Genre Terms:
Correspondence.
Minutes.
Photographs.
Slides (photographs).
Web sites.
Names:
Princeton University. Dept. of Geological and Geophysical Sciences.
Princeton University. Dept. of Geology
Princeton University. Dept. of Geology.
Princeton University. Faculty.
Princeton University. Natural History Museum
Field, R. M. (Richard Montgomery), 1834-1902
Guyot, A. (Arnold), 1807-1884
Hess, Harry Hammond, 1906-1969
Jepsen, Glenn L. (Glenn Lowell), 1904-1974
Scott, William Berryman, 1858-1947
Smyth, Charles Henry, 1866-1937
Thom, W. T. (William Taylor), 1891-1979