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Women's Athletics, 1913-1982
Collection Description & Creator Information
- Scope and Contents
Series 1 includes materials on national and regional women's sports associations, the enactment of Title IX, and women's sports at Princeton, particularly during the tenure from 1970 to 1982 of Merrily Dean Baker, founding Director of Women's Physical Education at Princeton.
Women's varsity competition at Princeton began with tennis began in Spring of 1971, and women athletes were successful, winning championships in crew, field hockey, sailing, squash, swimming and tennis by 1975. The first five Princeton women's tennis teams were undefeated. By 1980, the women's athletics program included varsity programs in basketball, crew, cross country, field hockey, ice hockey, lacrosse, squash, swimming, tennis, track, and volleyball, as well as a host of club sports (such as softball, fencing, soccer, golf and gymnastics) and coed club sports (such as badminton, karate, and sailing).
The series includes annual printed booklets on women's athletics at Princeton, Baker's Title IX papers (clippings and press as well as a compliance manual; proposed amendments and policy interpretation; a senior thesis chapter on Title IX at Princeton; pre-publication copies of "Complying with Title IX" by Martha Matthews and Shirley McCune and "Stalled at the Start" issued by the NOW LDEF), publications from various women's sports associations (the EAIAW and AIAW, the NAPECW), as well as technique charts and rule guides to various sports, including gymnastics in particular, as well as swimming and diving, soccer, basketball, and volleyball, among others. To some extent these echo and complement the rule books contained in Series 2, but those in this series are geared specifically towards women athletes.
Merrily Dean Baker was the first Princeton women's field hockey coach, from 1971 to 1974, and the women's gymnastics coach from 1972 to 1976. She became Associate Director of Athletics for Physical Education and Women's Programs in 1973 (under Director of Athletics Royce Flippin, Jr.). Baker implemented Princeton's programs in women's basketball, field hockey, tennis, swimming, and lacrosse. In 1977-1978, she was president of the Eastern Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women (EAIAW). She was also Vice President of the AIAW, and served on the Office of Civil Rights Committee that created the guidelines to implement Title IX legislation. She was among the women administrators who met to establish an Ivy League women's championship competition.
Baker went on to direct women's athletics at the University of Minnesota from 1982 to 1988, and served as the assistant executive director of the NCAA from 1988 to 1992. She was athletic director at Michigan State University from 1992 to 1995 (the first woman to hold the post at a Big Ten university), and interim athletic director at Florida Gulf Coast University from 1998 to 2000. She was awarded the National Association of Collegiate Women Athletics Administrators' Lifetime Achievement Award in 2002 and was inducted into the National Association of Collegiate Directors of Athletics Hall of Fame in 2006.
Arranged by title or type of material.
Removed from the collection were half a linear foot of university-wide, published pamphlets available elsewhere in the University Archives, such as booklets "The Princeton University Faculty," the Graduate School Announcement, the Library Handbook, and so on, from the years 1929 to 1984 (but primarily from the 1950s and 1960s). Also removed was a run of the Journal of Health and Physical Education/Journal of the American Association for Health Physical Education and Recreation from the years 1947, 1949, and 1952-53, available in the library catalog.
- Processing Information
This collection was processed by Phoebe Nobles in July 2016.
Access & Use
- Conditions Governing Access
The collection is open for research use.
- Conditions Governing Use
Single copies may be made for research purposes. To cite or publish quotations that fall within Fair Use, as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission is required. The Trustees of Princeton University hold copyright to all materials generated by Princeton University employees in the course of their work. For instances beyond Fair Use, if copyright is held by Princeton University, researchers do not need to obtain permission, complete any forms, or receive a letter to move forward with use of materials from the Princeton University Archives.
For instances beyond Fair Use where the copyright is not held by the University, while permission from the Library is not required, it is the responsibility of the researcher to determine whether any permissions related to copyright, privacy, publicity, or any other rights are necessary for their intended use of the Library's materials, and to obtain all required permissions from any existing rights holders, if they have not already done so. Princeton University Library's Special Collections does not charge any permission or use fees for the publication of images of materials from our collections, nor does it require researchers to obtain its permission for said use. The department does request that its collections be properly cited and images credited. More detailed information can be found on the Copyright, Credit and Citations Guidelines page on our website. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us through the Ask Us! form.
- Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements
For preservation reasons, original analog and digital media may not be read or played back in the reading room. Users may visually inspect physical media but may not remove it from its enclosure. All analog audiovisual media must be digitized to preservation-quality standards prior to use. Audiovisual digitization requests are processed by an approved third-party vendor. Please note, the transfer time required can be as little as several weeks to as long as several months and there may be financial costs associated with the process. Requests should be directed through the Ask Us Form.
- Credit this material:
Women's Athletics; Dillon Gym Library Collection, AC446, Princeton University Archives, Department of Special Collections, Princeton University Library
- Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript LibrarySeeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library65 Olden StreetPrinceton, NJ 08540, USA
- Storage Note:
- Mudd Manuscript Library (mudd): Box 1