Contents and Arrangement Expanded View

Collection Overview

Mussey, June Barrows, 1910-1985
Barrows Mussey Translations
Manuscripts Division
Permanent URL:
circa 1940-1944
5 boxes
Storage Note:
  • ReCAP (scarcpxm): Box 1-5


The Barrows Mussey Translations collection consists of English translations of works by various European authors, predominately German, made by the American translator Barrows Mussey.

Collection Description & Creator Information

Scope and Contents

Consists of typed manuscripts, often heavily revised or corrected, of Mussey's English translations of various works, mostly novels, of German and other European authors during the 1940s. Included are Frans G. Bengtsson's Red Orm (incomplete); Hermann Borchardt's The Conspiracy of Carpenters; Dola de Jong's Knikkernik, Knakkernak, and Knokkernok (several chapters); Anthony Fokker and Frank Harper's Specialized in Terror; Heinrich Hauser's Time Was; Frederick Heydenau's The Wrath of the Eagles; Hugo von Hofmannsthal's Plays at Salzburg; Hermann Kesten's Colonel Kock; Christine Liungman's The Shining Sea; Ernst Lothar's Beneath Another Sun and A Woman is Witness; Emil Ludwig's Mediterranean; Gerardo E. Neisser's Call Me Frank; and Hermann Rauschning's The Redemption of Democracy.

In addition, the collection includes Fritz von Unruh's untitled 1941 novel, as well as Franz Werfel's Jacobowsky and the Colonel and A Portrait of Giuseppe Verdi. Some of Mussey's translations were apparently never published. "Translators and Traitors," Mussey's article describing his experiences as a translator, rounds out the collection.

The following standard abbreviation, or its variations, is used to identify materials in this collection: ALS = autograph letter signed, TLS = typed letter signed, TMs = typed manuscript, TMsS = typed manuscript signed.


The collection is arranged alphabetically by author name.

Collection Creator Biography:

Mussey, June Barrows, 1910-1985

Barrows Mussey was an American translator who completed English translations of various works, mostly novels, of German and other European authors during the 1940s.

Mussey, June Barrows, 1910-1985

Barrows Mussey was an American translator who completed English translations of various works, mostly novels, of German and other European authors during the 1940s.

Collection History


Originally, this collection formed part of Princeton's Archives of American Literature.


No appraisal information is available.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Rachel Jordan in 2004. Finding aid written by Rachel Jordan in 2004.

Biography written by Jessica Marati, '08.

Access & Use

Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open for research use.

Conditions Governing Use

Single copies may be made for research purposes. To cite or publish quotations that fall within Fair Use, as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission is required. For instances beyond Fair Use, it is the responsibility of the researcher to determine whether any permissions related to copyright, privacy, publicity, or any other rights are necessary for their intended use of the Library's materials, and to obtain all required permissions from any existing rights holders, if they have not already done so. Princeton University Library's Special Collections does not charge any permission or use fees for the publication of images of materials from our collections, nor does it require researchers to obtain its permission for said use. The department does request that its collections be properly cited and images credited. More detailed information can be found on the Copyright, Credit and Citations Guidelines page on our website. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us through the Ask Us! form.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

For preservation reasons, original analog and digital media may not be read or played back in the reading room. Users may visually inspect physical media but may not remove it from its enclosure. All analog audiovisual media must be digitized to preservation-quality standards prior to use. Audiovisual digitization requests are processed by an approved third-party vendor. Please note, the transfer time required can be as little as several weeks to as long as several months and there may be financial costs associated with the process. Requests should be directed through the Ask Us Form.

Credit this material:

Barrows Mussey Translations; Manuscripts Division, Department of Special Collections, Princeton University Library

Permanent URL:
Firestone Library
One Washington Road
Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
(609) 258-3184
Storage Note:
  • ReCAP (scarcpxm): Box 1-5

Find More


Some of the manuscripts found in draft form in the collection came to print in the following publications: Bengtsson, Frans G., Red Orm (NY: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1943); Borchardt, Hermann, The Conspiracy of Carpenters (NY: Simon and Schuster, 1943); De Jong, Dola, Knikkernik, Knakkernak, and Knokkernok (NY: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1942); Hauser, Heinrich, Time Was (NY: Reynal & Hitchcock, 1942); Lothar, Ernst, Beneath Another Sun (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, Doran, 1943), and A Woman is Witness (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, Doran, 1941); Ludwig, Emil, The Mediterranean (NY: Whittlesey House, 1942); and Rauschning, Hermann, The Redemption Of Democracy (NY: Alliance Book Corp., 1941).

Subject Terms:
Dutch fiction -- Translations into English.
German fiction -- Translations into English.
Swedish fiction -- Translations into English.
Translating and interpreting -- United States -- 20th century.
Translators -- United States -- 20th century.