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137. Camp à Philadelphie, Le 31 Aoust, 16 miles de Chester. Le ler Septembre Séjour, undated
Collection Description & Creator Information
- Scope and Contents
Twenty-seventh Camp at Philadelphia. 31 August - 4 September 1782. Sixteen miles from the preceding camp near Chester. The four divisions, preceded by Lauzun's Legion as a vanguard, marched on successive days through the city to their camp on its northern outskirts; the previous year the camp had been on the banks of the Schuylkill near the present Market Street Bridge (cf. No. 73). There was at least one extra day's halt here for each of the divisions. The map shows three regiments and three artillery units, as well as Lauzun's cavalry (yellow and white), in camp at the same time. The First Division (including the Bourbonnais Regiment) resumed its march northward on 2 September.
The camp ground was along the eastern side of the "Chemin de German Town," indicated on the map as a continuation of Second Street. It was on high ground north of Cohocksink Creek, the larger o the two streams shown, with a dike ("Digue") across its mouth. The smaller stream, marking the northern limit of the regular street grid, is Pegg's Run, also known as Conocuonocue Creek. Both streams have long since been obliterated. The French camp was thus in the general vicinity of the junction of present North Second Street and Germantown Avenue. An interesting comparison can be made between this 1782 camp plan and John Hill's "Plan of the City of Philadelphia" (engraved and published, 1797). The Hills plan, on which the locality is called "Bath," shows that streets had been laid out and many houses constructed there during the postwar years.
The army resumed its march northward by the road designated here as "Chemin de Read-Lyon's Tavern" (Frankforn Avenue). The stay in Philadelphia, with its attendant festivities, is described in the journals of Clermont-Crèvecœur (pp. 77-78) and Verger (pp. 162-163).
Maps are arranged chronologically by sequential packet number.
These papers are housed in the original red portfolio cases (and order) in which they were presented to the Library in 1939.
No appraisal information is available.
- Processing Information
This collection was word-processed by Anna Bialek in July and August of 2005. Finding aid written by Howard Rice in 1957.
During 2022, restrictions for this collection were lifted as part of a restrictions review project.
Access & Use
- Conditions Governing Access
The collection is open for research.
- Conditions Governing Use
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. No further photoduplication of copies of material in the collection can be made when Princeton University Library does not own the original. Inquiries regarding publishing material from the collection should be directed to RBSC Public Services staff through the Ask Us! form. The library has no information on the status of literary rights in the collection and researchers are responsible for determining any questions of copyright.
- Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements
For preservation reasons, original analog and digital media may not be read or played back in the reading room. Users may visually inspect physical media but may not remove it from its enclosure. All analog audiovisual media must be digitized to preservation-quality standards prior to use. Audiovisual digitization requests are processed by an approved third-party vendor. Please note, the transfer time required can be as little as several weeks to as long as several months and there may be financial costs associated with the process. Requests should be directed through the Ask Us Form.
- Credit this material:
137. Camp à Philadelphie, Le 31 Aoust, 16 miles de Chester. Le ler Septembre Séjour; Louis-Alexandre Berthier Collection, C0022, Manuscripts Division, Department of Special Collections, Princeton University Library
- Firestone LibraryOne Washington RoadPrinceton, NJ 08544, USA
- Storage Note:
- Firestone Library (hsvm): Box XII
- Existence and Location of Copies
This collection is also available in microfilm.
- Separated Materials
Relation de l'Escadre Française, aux ordres du Cher. Destouches, & de l'affaire qui a eue lieu le 16 Mars 1781, entre cette Escadre & celle des Anglais, commandée par l'Amiral Arbuthnot was transferred to rare books (1081.755 EX).
MS, No. 39-27. Rochambeau's copy is in the Library of Congress, Map Division. [Rice/Brown, p. 183]
- France. Armée
Rochambeau, Jean-Baptiste-Donatien de Vimeur, comte de, 1725-1807