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150. Tableau de la marche des Brigades de Bourbonnois et de Soissonnois partant du Camp de Hunts Taverne un jour de distance l'une de l'autre our se rendre a East-Hartford, undated

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Collection Overview

Collection Description & Creator Information

Scope and Contents

Field Sketch for the Map of Camp at Farmington. This rough pencil sketch of Farmington appears on the verson of a memorandum noting the timetable and distances for the march of the two brigades from Hunt's Tavern to East Hartford, 22-31 October 1782. It provides an unusual example (the only one known to the Editors) of Berthier's rapid on-the-spot notations that he later worked up into finished maps. Other such field sketches were presumably made day by day as a cumulative record of the camps and marches of the army. The training of the topographical engineers emphasized quick and accurate observation in circumstances that precluded the use of regular surveying instruments. The reconnoiterer must then count his own paces, or his horse's, to determine distances from point to point along the road. As he proceeds he must observe and note roughly on his paper "rivers, brooks, canals, bridges, fords, ravines, swamps, mountains, woods, wayside shrines, mills, gallows, and anything else he meets up with." He must sight such distant landmarks as towers, belfries, and windmills in order to establish the direction of the road. And, if time allows, he should also go up into some high building and sketch the surrounding country.

Arrangement

Maps are arranged chronologically by sequential packet number.

General

These papers are housed in the original red portfolio cases (and order) in which they were presented to the Library in 1939.

Collection History

Appraisal

No appraisal information is available.

Processing Information

This collection was word-processed by Anna Bialek in July and August of 2005. Finding aid written by Howard Rice in 1957.

During 2022, restrictions for this collection were lifted as part of a restrictions review project.

Access & Use

Conditions Governing Access

The collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Single copies may be made for research purposes. To cite or publish quotations that fall within Fair Use, as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission is required. For instances beyond Fair Use, it is the responsibility of the researcher to determine whether any permissions related to copyright, privacy, publicity, or any other rights are necessary for their intended use of the Library's materials, and to obtain all required permissions from any existing rights holders, if they have not already done so. Princeton University Library's Special Collections does not charge any permission or use fees for the publication of images of materials from our collections, nor does it require researchers to obtain its permission for said use. The department does request that its collections be properly cited and images credited. More detailed information can be found on the Copyright, Credit and Citations Guidelines page on our website. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us through the Ask Us! form.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

For preservation reasons, original analog and digital media may not be read or played back in the reading room. Users may visually inspect physical media but may not remove it from its enclosure. All analog audiovisual media must be digitized to preservation-quality standards prior to use. Audiovisual digitization requests are processed by an approved third-party vendor. Please note, the transfer time required can be as little as several weeks to as long as several months and there may be financial costs associated with the process. Requests should be directed through the Ask Us Form.

Credit this material:

150. Tableau de la marche des Brigades de Bourbonnois et de Soissonnois partant du Camp de Hunts Taverne un jour de distance l'une de l'autre our se rendre a East-Hartford; Louis-Alexandre Berthier Collection, C0022, Manuscripts Division, Department of Special Collections, Princeton University Library

Location:
Firestone Library
One Washington Road
Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
(609) 258-3184
Storage Note:
  • Firestone Library (hsvm): Box XII

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Existence and Location of Copies

This collection is also available in microfilm.

Separated Materials

Relation de l'Escadre Française, aux ordres du Cher. Destouches, & de l'affaire qui a eue lieu le 16 Mars 1781, entre cette Escadre & celle des Anglais, commandée par l'Amiral Arbuthnot was transferred to rare books (1081.755 EX).

Bibliography

MS, No. 40 [Rice/Brown, pp. 189-190] A standard textbook, Dupain de Montesson's L'Art de lever les plans, in a section entitled "Des reconnaissances militaires, ou faites à vue" (2nd edn., 1775, pp. 176-178), discusses a typical situation faced by a reconnoiterer such as that described above.

Names:
France. Armée
Rochambeau, Jean-Baptiste-Donatien de Vimeur, comte de (1725-1807)