- Collection Overview
- Collection Description & Creator Information
- Access & Use
- Collection History
- Find Related Materials
- White, Joseph Blanco, 1775-1841 and Lloréns, Vicente, 1906-1979
- Princeton University. Library. Special Collections
- Vicente Llorens Collection of Blanco White Family Materials
- Manuscripts Division
- Permanent URL:
- 1713-1930 (mostly 1798-1841)
- 19 boxes, 28 items, and 7.4 linear feet
- Storage Note:
- Firestone Library (mss): Box 1-19
- English Spanish; Castilian
The collection contains manuscripts related to four generations of the Blanco White family, spanning two centuries: including works, diaries, correspondence, documents, accounts and expense records, and printed material. Joseph Blanco White, the Spanish-English writer and religious figure, remains the focus of the collection; however, his brother Fernando, a politician and intellectual of 19th-century Seville, also accounts for a substantial part of the material. Of particular interest are autograph manuscripts of several of Joseph's literary efforts, as well as other genealogical material relating to the Blanco White family.
Collection Description & Creator Information
Consists of manuscripts related to four generations of the Blanco White family, spanning two centuries: works, diaries, correspondence, documents, accounts and expense records, and printed material. Joseph Blanco White, the Spanish-English writer and religious figure, remains the focus of the collection; however, his brother Fernando, a politician and intellectual of 19th-century Seville, also accounts for a substantial part of the material.
Included are autograph manuscripts of several of Joseph's literary efforts-- Cartas Sobre España (novel first published in English in 1822), Luisa De Bustamante (unfinised novel, 1839-1840), "Reader, thou look'st upon a barren page..." (poem, 1837); Fernando's diaries (1808-1814, 1817, 1820-1829, 1834-1848), which document daily activities in 19th-century Spain; correspondence, particularly by and to Joseph, Fernando, and their father, Guillermo, showing the development of Joseph's political and religious ideas, Fernando's ambitions, and family affairs; and academic, ecclesiastical, municipal, and legal documents that support Joseph and Fernando's various careers.
Also included are 19th-century Spanish school exercises, sermons, and prayers, and family birth, wedding, and death certificates, as well as other genealogical material relating to the Blanco White family.
- Collection Creator Biography:
Blanco White, José María (Seville, 1775 - Liverpool, 1841)
On arriving in Andalusia from Ireland, William White (father) changed his surname to Blanco White; that name was used interchangeably with Blanco y Crespo (surnames of his parents) by the author (son). José María Blanco White was one of the leading writers of Spanish Romanticism and also a controversial figure because of the political and religious positions he assumed throughout his life. His religious conviction changed from Catholicism to a Christian faith without a church. This last professed faith he described when dying as one that "theologues don't understand."
During his life in Spain he held various religious positions: as a priest, as rector in the Colégio Mayor, and as magistrado de la Capilla Real de San Fernando in the Cathedral of Sevilla (1804). Nominated Preceptor of the Infante Don Francisco de Paula, he held the post for only a short period because he lost the favor of Prime Minister Godoy. As editor of Elsemanário patriotico (1808-1809) he inflated articles in favor of the independence of Spain and on the corruption of the court. As a result he was considered "persona non grata" by the Junta Suprema de España Indias and emigrated to England, where he arrived March 3, 1810.
He founded El Español (London, 1810-1813) to crusade against Spanish colonialism, though he continually stated in its pages that "America would never rebel if the ill administration of the mother country wouldn't compel them."
In 1822 his successful book Letters from Spain appeared under the pen name Don Leucádio Dolblado. This book established his reputation in England, where he was befriended by Southey, Lord Holland, J. S. Mill and Mrs. Hemans.
In 1826 having received a M.A. degree from Oxford University for literary and economic reasons, he left London for Oxford. While living in Oxford, Blanco defected in 1835 from the Anglican church, he settled in Liverpool in the 1830's and there became a Unitarian. During this period he published his famous Observations on Heresy and Orthodoxy (London, J. Mardon, 1835) which tried to explain his doubts and faith.
The London Review requested him to prepare a series of articles about literary figures--a commission he accepted. Between 1835-36 he wrote about Martínez de la Rosa, Crabble, Guizot, Lamb, and Godoy. In 1839 (for no apparent reason) he resumed writing in Spanish, poetry and the unfinished novel Luísa de Bustamante published in Revista de Ciencias literatura y artes by D. José Blanco-White y Olloqui (his nephew). In 1840 he resumed writing in English, producing the work "Plain Dialogues on Religion" published after his death as Plain Dialogues on Religion by the Author of the Poor Man's Preservative against Popery. In February 1841, paralyzed and unable to write, he was transported to Greenbank, the Liverpool house of his friend William Rathbone, where he died on 20 May 1841.
Notes on the Blanco White Family Tree
Don Guillermo White y Nangle and his two brothers Thomas and Pablo were the first ones from the White family for Durbin and Waterford, Ireland, to move to Sevilla, Spain, in the beginning of the 18th century.
Tomas Cahill became partner of Don Guillermo Blanco White y Morrogh in 1786.
In 1802 Lucas Beck, Doña María Fernanda White, Cahill's widow in her name and her daughter's name and Don Guillermo White formed a new business company. Later Don Lucas Beck married D. María Cahill y White.
Don Guillermo Blanco (alas White y Morrogh) following the death of Tomás Cahill moved to Alcala in 1800 to escape the yellow fever plague, leaving Lucas Beck in charge of the business firm.
The uncle of Doña Gertrudis Crespo y Neve was Don Felipe de Neve Noguera Castro y Figueroa, governor of California and the founder of its city of Los Angeles.
Don Fernando Blanco White was the legitimized son of Don José María Blanco White and Magdalena Esquaya. Educated in England by his father, he later became an officer in the Indies.
Dona Ana Gabriela White y Morrogh was known in the family as "Tia Anica."
Princeton professor Vicente Llorens, an authority on Blanco White, collected the manuscripts in this collection while working on a biography of this author.
- Archival Appraisal Information:
No appraisal information is available.
Access & Use
- Access Restrictions:
Collection is open for research use.
- Conditions for Reproduction and Use:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. No further photoduplication of copies of material in the collection can be made when Princeton University Library does not own the original. Inquiries regarding publishing material from the collection should be directed to RBSC Public Services staff through the Ask Us! form. The library has no information on the status of literary rights in the collection and researchers are responsible for determining any questions of copyright.
- Credit this material:
Vicente Llorens Collection of Blanco White Family Materials; Manuscripts Division, Department of Special Collections, Princeton University Library
- Permanent URL:
- Firestone LibraryOne Washington RoadPrinceton, NJ 08544, USA(609) 258-3184
- Publication Note:
José María Blanco White - Antologia de Obras en Español - Edícion de Vicente Llorens. Barcelona, Edirorial Labor, 1971. Vida e Obras de José María Blanco y Crespo by D. Mário Medex Bejarano. Madrid: Revista de Archivos, Bibliotecas y Museos, Olzága, 1920. Obra Inglesa de José María Blanco White, con un prólogo de Juan Goytisolo. Bareclona, Editorial Seix Barral, 1974. The Life of the Rev. Joseph Blanco White- written by himself with portions of his correspondence. Edited by John Hamilton Thom. London: John Chapman.
- Subject Terms:
- Authors, Spanish -- 19th century.
Brothers -- Spain -- 19th century.
Family -- Spain -- 19th century.
Fiction -- 19th century.
Romanticism -- Spain -- 19th century.
Women -- Spain -- Social conditions -- 19th century.
- Genre Terms:
- Account books -- 19th century.
Birth certificates -- Spain -- 18th century.
Death certificates -- Spain -- 19th century.
Diaries -- 19th century.
Marriage licenses -- Spain -- 19th century.
Military passes -- 19th century.
Prayers -- Spain -- 19th century.
Sermons, Spanish -- 19th century.
- Blanco White, Fernando
- Seville (Spain) -- Intellectual life -- 19th century.
Spain -- History -- Napoleonic conquest, 1808-1813 -- Sources.