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Wood, L. F., Sharecropping Agreement with Fifteen Freedmen and Freedwomen on the Mount Hope Plantation, Mississippi, 1865 May 25-August 23
Collection Description & Creator Information
- Scope and Contents
Consists of a sharecropping agreement between L. F. Wood of the Mount Hope Plantation in Jefferson County, Mississippi, and fifteen freedmen and freedwomen. The contract is signed by Wood, two witnesses, and the freedmen and freedwomen by mark and dated May 25, 1865. Names listed include Isham Bass (46), Robert Bass (15), Richard Thompson (46), Eliza Thompson (45), Daniel Thompson (15), Emeline Darnald (38), Hager Curtis (52), Prince Miller (17), Minda Miller (28), Rachel Williams (46), Matilda Fitzgerald (21), Edward Johnson (40), Hester Johnson (30), Cornelia Griffin (18), and Perry Christmas (19).
In this document, signed weeks after the close of the American Civil War, these laborers agree to work as sharecroppers on the plantation on which they were formerly enslaved for 10 hours per day, 5 days per week, for the remainder of the year. The plantation owner agrees to "furnish the said freedmen with food & clothes to the extent of my means, also to allow said freedmen the use of teams & plantation utensils to cultivate their respective crops." Each freedman and freedwoman is also given "one to three acres of land to cultivate on his or her own account."
The terms of this agreement were enforced by Union troops; the docketing on verso is signed by the county's lieutenant and sub-commander of freedmen, who certified to "the within contract being in conformity to Gen. Order No. 34." A tax of $33 was noted as paid through August 23 on eleven remaining "hands."
Arranged alphabetically by the name of the creator, with unattributed materials at the end.
Purchase, 2018 .
The collection is open and will continue to grow.
No material was separated during processing.
- Processing Information
This collection was processed by Lisa Yankowitz during the summer and fall of 2010 . The finding aid was written by Lisa Yankowitz in January 2011 and is regularly updated with new acquisitions by Faith Charlton, Kelly Bolding, and Armando Suárez.
Access & Use
- Conditions Governing Access
Collection is open for research use.
- Conditions Governing Use
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. No further photoduplication of copies of material in the collection can be made when Princeton University Library does not own the original. Inquiries regarding publishing material from the collection should be directed to RBSC Public Services staff through the Ask Us! form. The library has no information on the status of literary rights in the collection and researchers are responsible for determining any questions of copyright.
- Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements
For preservation reasons, original analog and digital media may not be read or played back in the reading room. Users may visually inspect physical media but may not remove it from its enclosure. All analog audiovisual media must be digitized to preservation-quality standards prior to use. Audiovisual digitization requests are processed by an approved third-party vendor. Please note, the transfer time required can be as little as several weeks to as long as several months and there may be financial costs associated with the process. Requests should be directed through the Ask Us Form.
- Credit this material:
Wood, L. F., Sharecropping Agreement with Fifteen Freedmen and Freedwomen on the Mount Hope Plantation, Mississippi; General Manuscripts Miscellaneous Collection, C0140, Manuscripts Division, Department of Special Collections, Princeton University Library
- Firestone LibraryOne Washington RoadPrinceton, NJ 08544, USA
- Storage Note:
- Firestone Library (mss): Box P-000109
- Existence and Location of Copies
Parts of this collection are available on microfilm, cataloged separately as RCPXM-7497696.
- Subject Terms:
- African Americans -- Mississippi -- Economic conditions -- 19th century -- Sources
Freed persons -- Mississippi -- Jefferson County -- History -- 19th century -- Sources.
Sharecroppers -- Southern States -- History -- 19th century -- Sources.