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Photographs of Yakama Fishermen at Celilo Falls, circa 1953-1956

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Collection Overview

Collection Description & Creator Information

Scope and Contents

Consists of a group of fourteen photographs and ephemera, mostly documenting Yakama (Yakima) fishermen at Celilo Falls on the Columbia River, which forms the border of Oregon and Washington. Based on contextual clues, the people in the photographs are likely citizens of the Yakama Nation, but they may also include people from the Umatilla and Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs communities, who also fished at the traditional trading area and sacred fishing grounds at Celilo Falls. Most of the photographs depict people fishing on wooden platforms, and several others show a family in ceremonial clothing. In 1957, the United States government flooded Celilo Falls to create the Dalles Dam despite opposition from Indigenous groups. One photograph of an unidentified group of people is stamped by Louise Phillips, a photographer with a studio at 5936 NE 42nd Ave. in Portland, Oregon, though it is unclear whether she is the photographer of the rest of the images. These photographs, which have been removed from an unlabeled album, were preceded by two ephemeral items. One is a newspaper clipping of a letter to the editor from Charles Castner, describing resistance by the Yakama people to the United States government's efforts to force Indigenous peoples to sell their fishing rights to Celilo Falls. The other is a slip of paper that reads, "PSA Field Trip Sept. 27, 1953," and has the name Al Chapuiau (possibly the assembler of the materials) written along the top.

Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically by the name of the creator or by the date of acquisition.

Collection History

Acquisition:

Purchased from Cowan's Auctions in 2021 (AM 2022-021).

Appraisal

No material was separated during processing.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Lisa Yankowitz during the summer and fall of 2010 . The finding aid was written by Lisa Yankowitz in January 2011 and was regularly updated with new acquisitions by Faith Charlton, Kelly Bolding, Armando Suárez, Amy C. Vo, Kalliopi Balatsouka, and Lauren Williams.

Collection-level notes were revised by Faith Charlton in 2024 to more accurately describe the nature of this collection.

No additions will be made to this collection. Single item acquisitions will be added to Princeton University Library Single Item Acquisitions (C0140.1).

Access & Use

Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open for research use.

Conditions Governing Use

Single copies may be made for research purposes. To cite or publish quotations that fall within Fair Use, as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission is required. For instances beyond Fair Use, it is the responsibility of the researcher to determine whether any permissions related to copyright, privacy, publicity, or any other rights are necessary for their intended use of the Library's materials, and to obtain all required permissions from any existing rights holders, if they have not already done so. Princeton University Library's Special Collections does not charge any permission or use fees for the publication of images of materials from our collections, nor does it require researchers to obtain its permission for said use. The department does request that its collections be properly cited and images credited. More detailed information can be found on the Copyright, Credit and Citations Guidelines page on our website. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us through the Ask Us! form.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

For preservation reasons, original analog and digital media may not be read or played back in the reading room. Users may visually inspect physical media but may not remove it from its enclosure. All analog audiovisual media must be digitized to preservation-quality standards prior to use. Audiovisual digitization requests are processed by an approved third-party vendor. Please note, the transfer time required can be as little as several weeks to as long as several months and there may be financial costs associated with the process. Requests should be directed through the Ask Us Form.

Credit this material:

Photographs of Yakama Fishermen at Celilo Falls; General Manuscripts Miscellaneous Collection, C0140, Manuscripts Division, Department of Special Collections, Princeton University Library

Location:
Firestone Library
One Washington Road
Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
(609) 258-3184
Storage Note:
  • Firestone Library (mss): Box B-001621

Find More

Existence and Location of Copies

Parts of this collection are available on microfilm, cataloged separately as RCPXM-7497696.

Subject Terms:
Fishing -- Columbia River Gorge (Or. and Wash.)
Places:
Celilo Falls (Wash.) -- History -- 20th century -- Sources