Contents and Arrangement

Photographs and Notebook Documenting Camp Stewart during the United States Army Punitive Expedition into Mexico, 1917

1 folder

Collection Overview

Collection Description & Creator Information

Scope and Contents

Consists of a group of sixty-seven photographs and a small notebook compiled by an unidentified 1st Pennsylvania Cavalry soldier documenting military life at Camp Stewart in 1917. Camp Stewart was an army camp in West Texas established by the United States Army for the defense of El Paso and the western Texas-Mexico border during General John J. Pershing's expedition (1916-1917) against Pancho Villa during the Mexican Revolution (1910-1920). This military operation is commonly referred to under various names, including the Punitive Expedition, the Pancho Villa Expedition, and the Mexican Expedition. The images depict daily life, combat training, mounted patrols, camp duties, leisure time, and the general atmosphere of the camp. The notebook contains a series of notes on guard duties and various other duties, patrol messages, and several small handwritten maps of the area.


Arranged alphabetically by the name of the creator, with unattributed materials at the end.

Collection History


Purchased from McBride Rare Books in 2021 (AM 2022-087).


The collection is open and will continue to grow.


No material was separated during processing.

Processing Information

These materials were processed and described by Kelly Bolding in January 2022, incorporating some description provided by the dealer.

Access & Use

Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open for research use.

Conditions Governing Use

Single copies may be made for research purposes. To cite or publish quotations that fall within Fair Use, as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission is required. For instances beyond Fair Use, it is the responsibility of the researcher to determine whether any permissions related to copyright, privacy, publicity, or any other rights are necessary for their intended use of the Library's materials, and to obtain all required permissions from any existing rights holders, if they have not already done so. Princeton University Library's Special Collections does not charge any permission or use fees for the publication of images of materials from our collections, nor does it require researchers to obtain its permission for said use. The department does request that its collections be properly cited and images credited. More detailed information can be found on the Copyright, Credit and Citations Guidelines page on our website. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us through the Ask Us! form.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

For preservation reasons, original analog and digital media may not be read or played back in the reading room. Users may visually inspect physical media but may not remove it from its enclosure. All analog audiovisual media must be digitized to preservation-quality standards prior to use. Audiovisual digitization requests are processed by an approved third-party vendor. Please note, the transfer time required can be as little as several weeks to as long as several months and there may be financial costs associated with the process. Requests should be directed through the Ask Us Form.

Credit this material:

Photographs and Notebook Documenting Camp Stewart during the United States Army Punitive Expedition into Mexico; General Manuscripts Miscellaneous Collection, C0140, Manuscripts Division, Department of Special Collections, Princeton University Library

Firestone Library
One Washington Road
Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
(609) 258-3184
Storage Note:
  • Firestone Library (mss): Box B-001796

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Existence and Location of Copies

Parts of this collection are available on microfilm, cataloged separately as RCPXM-7497696.

Subject Terms:
Military camps -- Texas -- El Paso -- History -- 20th century -- Sources
Genre Terms:
Notebooks -- 20th century
photographs -- 20th century.
Mexican-American Border Region -- photographs
Texas -- Relations -- Mexico