Contents and Arrangement

Schauseil, Theodore, Watercolor Painting of the Cheyenne and Arapaho Mission School, Darlington Agency, circa 1875

1 folder

Collection Overview

Collection Description & Creator Information

Scope and Contents

Consists of a watercolor painting by German-American artist Theodore Schauseil (1838-1920) titled "Mission of the Chey. and Arap. Agency. Built in the Year 1875." The painting depicts the Cheyenne and Arapaho Mission School at the Darlington Agency in what was then referred to as Indian Territory, now Oklahoma. The boarding school was built by Orthodox Quakers with United States government funds in 1872 as part of an assimilationist effort by white settlers to suppress Indigenous American peoples, cultures and languages. The painting reflects changes made to the school in 1875 to separate Cheyenne and Arapaho children. In 1879, the school was renamed the Arapaho Manual Labor and Boarding School, and Cheyenne students were moved to the Cheyenne Manual Labor and Boarding School at Caddo Springs.


Arranged alphabetically by the name of the creator, with unattributed materials at the end.

Collection History


Purchased from William Reese Company in 2021 (AM 2022-010).


The collection is open and will continue to grow.


No material was separated during processing.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Lisa Yankowitz during the summer and fall of 2010 . The finding aid was written by Lisa Yankowitz in January 2011 and is regularly updated with new acquisitions by Faith Charlton, Kelly Bolding, and Armando Suárez.

Access & Use

Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open for research use.

Conditions Governing Use

Single copies may be made for research purposes. To cite or publish quotations that fall within Fair Use, as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission is required. For instances beyond Fair Use, it is the responsibility of the researcher to determine whether any permissions related to copyright, privacy, publicity, or any other rights are necessary for their intended use of the Library's materials, and to obtain all required permissions from any existing rights holders, if they have not already done so. Princeton University Library's Special Collections does not charge any permission or use fees for the publication of images of materials from our collections, nor does it require researchers to obtain its permission for said use. The department does request that its collections be properly cited and images credited. More detailed information can be found on the Copyright, Credit and Citations Guidelines page on our website. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us through the Ask Us! form.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

For preservation reasons, original analog and digital media may not be read or played back in the reading room. Users may visually inspect physical media but may not remove it from its enclosure. All analog audiovisual media must be digitized to preservation-quality standards prior to use. Audiovisual digitization requests are processed by an approved third-party vendor. Please note, the transfer time required can be as little as several weeks to as long as several months and there may be financial costs associated with the process. Requests should be directed through the Ask Us Form.

Credit this material:

Schauseil, Theodore, Watercolor Painting of the Cheyenne and Arapaho Mission School, Darlington Agency; General Manuscripts Miscellaneous Collection, C0140, Manuscripts Division, Department of Special Collections, Princeton University Library

Firestone Library
One Washington Road
Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
(609) 258-3184
Storage Note:
  • Firestone Library (mss): Box P-000151

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Existence and Location of Copies

Parts of this collection are available on microfilm, cataloged separately as RCPXM-7497696.

Subject Terms:
Off-reservation boarding schools -- Oklahoma
Quakers -- Oklahoma -- History -- 19th century -- Sources
Genre Terms:
Watercolors (paintings) -- 19th century