Contents and Arrangement Expanded View

Collection Overview

Schwarzschild, Martin
Martin Schwarzschild Papers
Manuscripts Division
Permanent URL:
31 boxes and 14.5 linear feet
Storage Note:
ReCAP (rcpxm): Box 1-31


Consists of selected correspondence and scientific papers of Martin Schwarzchild, a German-American astronomer and Princeton professor who pioneered the use of balloon-mounted instruments to study stellar structure and evolution.

Collection Description & Creator Information


The collection consists of correspondence and scientific papers of Schwarzschild which reflect his pioneering work in the use of giant balloons to hoist telescopes into the stratosphere for clearer pictures of the sun and other stars and planets. The bulk of the scientific papers is comprised of technical and engineering reports, business material, and catalogues of Stratoscope II, the second balloon system developed by Schwarzschild and his colleagues at Princeton in 1963. Also included is some material on Stratoscopes I and III and additions of academic and personal correspondence. Later additions include a glass plate negative of the great nebula in the constellation of Andromeda, a small reel of Kodakchrome movie film on the launch of the Stratoscope II balloon, and five medals (1960-1970) awarded to Schwarzschild, including the National Academy of Sciences' Henry Draper Medal of Discovery in 1960.


Correspondence, arranged A-Z, is followed by assorted scientific and technical material on the Stratoscope balloon systems. Additional papers consist of academic correspondence, A-Z, 1950s-1992, and files from the Office of the Provost.

Collection Creator Biography:

Schwarzschild, Martin

Martin Schwarzschild was a German-American astronomer and Princeton University professor. Pioneering the use of stratoscopic balloon-mounted instruments, his work led to greater understanding in the fields of stellar structure and stellar evolution.

Collection History


Gift of the author. Additions transferred from the Office of the Provost. Scientific correspondence with glass plate negative and small Kodachrome reel is a gift of Susan Dawson of the Department of Astrophysicalb Sciences. Medals are a gift of Barbara C. Schwarzschild Estate. AM 80-84. Box 27-29 are AM 1996-86. Additional material (AM 2018-110) was a transfer of material found in Professor Schwarzschild's office.


No appraisal information is available.

Processing Information

Folder Inventory added by Hilde Creager '2015 in 2012.

Access & Use

Conditions Governing Access

The collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. No further photoduplication of copies of material in the collection can be made when Princeton University Library does not own the original. Inquiries regarding publishing material from the collection should be directed to RBSC Public Services staff through the Ask Us! form. The library has no information on the status of literary rights in the collection and researchers are responsible for determining any questions of copyright.

Credit this material:

Martin Schwarzschild Papers; Manuscripts Division, Department of Special Collections, Princeton University Library

Permanent URL:
Firestone Library
One Washington Road
Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
(609) 258-3184
Storage Note:
ReCAP (rcpxm): Box 1-31