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Collection Overview

Schwarzschild, Martin
Martin Schwarzschild Papers
Manuscripts Division
Permanent URL:
31 boxes and 14.5 linear feet
Storage Note:
  • ReCAP (scarcpxm): Box 1-31


Consists of selected correspondence and scientific papers of Martin Schwarzchild, a German-American astronomer and Princeton professor who pioneered the use of balloon-mounted instruments to study stellar structure and evolution.

Collection Description & Creator Information

Scope and Contents

The collection consists of correspondence and scientific papers of Schwarzschild which reflect his pioneering work in the use of giant balloons to hoist telescopes into the stratosphere for clearer pictures of the sun and other stars and planets. The bulk of the scientific papers is comprised of technical and engineering reports, business material, and catalogues of Stratoscope II, the second balloon system developed by Schwarzschild and his colleagues at Princeton in 1963. Also included is some material on Stratoscopes I and III and additions of academic and personal correspondence. Later additions include a glass plate negative of the great nebula in the constellation of Andromeda, a small reel of Kodakchrome movie film on the launch of the Stratoscope II balloon, and five medals (1960-1970) awarded to Schwarzschild, including the National Academy of Sciences' Henry Draper Medal of Discovery in 1960.


Correspondence, arranged A-Z, is followed by assorted scientific and technical material on the Stratoscope balloon systems. Additional papers consist of academic correspondence, A-Z, 1950s-1992, and files from the Office of the Provost.

Collection Creator Biography:

Schwarzschild, Martin

Martin Schwarzschild was a German-American astronomer and Princeton University professor. Pioneering the use of stratoscopic balloon-mounted instruments, his work led to greater understanding in the fields of stellar structure and stellar evolution.

Collection History


Gift of the author. Additions transferred from the Office of the Provost. Scientific correspondence with glass plate negative and small Kodachrome reel is a gift of Susan Dawson of the Department of Astrophysicalb Sciences. Medals are a gift of Barbara C. Schwarzschild Estate. AM 80-84. Box 27-29 are AM 1996-86. Additional material (AM 2018-110) was a transfer of material found in Professor Schwarzschild's office.


No appraisal information is available.

Processing Information

Folder Inventory added by Hilde Creager '2015 in 2012.

Access & Use

Conditions Governing Access

The collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Single copies may be made for research purposes. To cite or publish quotations that fall within Fair Use, as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission is required. For instances beyond Fair Use, it is the responsibility of the researcher to determine whether any permissions related to copyright, privacy, publicity, or any other rights are necessary for their intended use of the Library's materials, and to obtain all required permissions from any existing rights holders, if they have not already done so. Princeton University Library's Special Collections does not charge any permission or use fees for the publication of images of materials from our collections, nor does it require researchers to obtain its permission for said use. The department does request that its collections be properly cited and images credited. More detailed information can be found on the Copyright, Credit and Citations Guidelines page on our website. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us through the Ask Us! form.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

For preservation reasons, original analog and digital media may not be read or played back in the reading room. Users may visually inspect physical media but may not remove it from its enclosure. All analog audiovisual media must be digitized to preservation-quality standards prior to use. Audiovisual digitization requests are processed by an approved third-party vendor. Please note, the transfer time required can be as little as several weeks to as long as several months and there may be financial costs associated with the process. Requests should be directed through the Ask Us Form.

Credit this material:

Martin Schwarzschild Papers; Manuscripts Division, Department of Special Collections, Princeton University Library

Permanent URL:
Firestone Library
One Washington Road
Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
(609) 258-3184
Storage Note:
  • ReCAP (scarcpxm): Box 1-31