Contents and Arrangement Expanded View

Collection Overview

Bazaine, Achille François, 1811-1888
Achille François Bazaine Correspondence
Manuscripts Division
Permanent URL:
1 box and 0.25 linear feet
Storage Note:
  • Firestone Library (scamss): Box 1
Spanish; Castilian French


A collection of 74 letters and documents, 1862-1866, concerning the efforts of the French to establish and maintain an empire in Mexico under the rule of the Austrian Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian (1832-1867). Almost all the letters were sent to General Achille François Bazaine.

Collection Description & Creator Information

Scope and Contents

The collection consists of 74 letters and documents received by Bazaine from various French and Mexican military and political figures. Because Bazaine controlled all military activities, several of the letters have important military content, including battle and spy reports. Others illuminate the more mundane affairs of running a country from day to day--reports on railroads, executions, collecting taxes, paying bills, prisoners, public works, etc. Many of these letters have Bazaine's autograph remarks on their contents. Also included are several other personal letters not sent to Bazaine that give insight into everyday affairs of ordinary citizens. Finally, there is an autograph letter from Bazaine himself, and there is one letter by him to a "Captain Clary. Bazaine's correspondents include a wide range of military and political figures, both Mexican and French. The condition of the letters vary. At one time, all were mounted in an album and contain traces of the old mounts on their blank versos.

The following standard abbreviations, or their variations, are used to identify materials in this collection: ALsS = autograph letters signed, LS = Letter Signed.


The letters are arranged chronologically in one box.

Collection Creator Biography:

Bazaine, Achille François, 1811-1888

General Achille François Bazaine was commander-in-chief of the French Expeditionary Corps of Mexico from 1863 to 1867. Under his command the French troops seized control of Mexico from the legal government of Benito Juarez.

Collection History


Purchased from Howard S. Mott in 1999.


No appraisal information is available.

Processing Information

This collection was processed in 1999. Finding aid written in 1999.

Access & Use

Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open for research use.

Conditions Governing Use

Single copies may be made for research purposes. To cite or publish quotations that fall within Fair Use, as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission is required. For instances beyond Fair Use, it is the responsibility of the researcher to determine whether any permissions related to copyright, privacy, publicity, or any other rights are necessary for their intended use of the Library's materials, and to obtain all required permissions from any existing rights holders, if they have not already done so. Princeton University Library's Special Collections does not charge any permission or use fees for the publication of images of materials from our collections, nor does it require researchers to obtain its permission for said use. The department does request that its collections be properly cited and images credited. More detailed information can be found on the Copyright, Credit and Citations Guidelines page on our website. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us through the Ask Us! form.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

For preservation reasons, original analog and digital media may not be read or played back in the reading room. Users may visually inspect physical media but may not remove it from its enclosure. All analog audiovisual media must be digitized to preservation-quality standards prior to use. Audiovisual digitization requests are processed by an approved third-party vendor. Please note, the transfer time required can be as little as several weeks to as long as several months and there may be financial costs associated with the process. Requests should be directed through the Ask Us Form.

Credit this material:

Achille François Bazaine Correspondence; Manuscripts Division, Department of Special Collections, Princeton University Library

Permanent URL:
Firestone Library
One Washington Road
Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
(609) 258-3184
Storage Note:
  • Firestone Library (scamss): Box 1