Contents and Arrangement Expanded View

Collection Overview

Bonfils, Félix, 1831-1885
Princeton University. Library. Special Collections
Félix Bonfils Photographs Collection
Manuscripts Division
Permanent URL:
2 boxes and 1.8 linear feet
Storage Note:
  • Firestone Library (scamss): Box 1-2
English French


The Félix Bonfils Photographs Collection consists of photographs taken by Bonfils in the second half of the 19th century of images and people in the eastern Mediterranean.

Collection Description & Creator Information

Scope and Contents

The collction consists of an open collection of photographs of images and people in the eastern Mediterranean taken by Bonfils during the second half of the 19th century and published by his Maison Bonfils studio in Beirut, Lebanon. Included are a panorama of Beirut; a view of Athens, Greece; a panorama (3 parts) of Olympia; a panorama (3 parts) of Istanbul and the Golden Horn; a panorama of Athens (3 parts); and several photographs of women in their traditional dress. There are also two albumen prints--one image of the Erectheum and one image of the interior of the Odeon of Herodes Atticus (27.4 x 37.7 cm.)--and a group of 56 captioned images of sites in Syria and Palestine.


This is a growing collection. Currently, the photographs are arranged by accession number, then by Bonfils photograph number.

Collection Creator Biography:

Bonfils, Félix, 1831-1885

Félix Bonfils was born on 8 March 1831, in St. Hippolyte du Fort (Gard), France. He was initially trained as a bookbinder, but became an amateur photographer after a short tour of duty with the army in Lebanon (1860). This introduction to the Middle East and photography would soon combine to become Bonfils' destiny. When his young son, Adrien (b. 1861), suffered from respiratory problems, Bonfils' wife, Lydie (b. 1837), took the boy to recuperate in the dry, hot climate of Beirut. Lydie fell in love with Lebanon just as Bonfils' had, and by 1867 the family definitively moved to Beirut where Bonfils set up a photographic studio.

Maison Bonfils became a prolific studio, which, Bonfils bragged in 1871, produced 591 negatives from various sites along the eastern Mediterranean, 15,000 prints, and 9,000 stereoscopic views. Bonfils also published many albums focusing on a specific region or theme. His subjects included architectural details, monuments, and city views. These photographs were popular with the many travelers who began touring the region as an extension of the European Grand Tour. As a result of his success in Beirut, Bonfils went on to open a second studio in Alès, France.

Maison Bonfils was truly a family affair: Lydie assisted her husband and took studio portraits that formed part of the Bonfils photographic collection. After Bonfils' death in 1885 while working in Alès, Adrien returned to Beirut from military service in Algeria. He took over the studio, and, together with Lydie, continued his father's work, while also producing new images and engaging in new projects. But once Adrien's interest in photography waned, Lydie stepped in to run the studio alone. She carried on the tradition of her husband and son, and produced her own photographic catalog, until 1916 when World War I forced her to evacuate. Only two years later, in 1918, Lydie passed away; she was 81 years old. Adrien died in 1929. 1

Collection History


Purchased from Bernard J. Shapero and Petros Vergos in 2003-2008.


No appraisal information is available.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Karla J. Vecchia in 2003. Finding aid written by Karla J. Vecchia in 2003.

Access & Use

Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open for research use.

Conditions Governing Use

Single copies may be made for research purposes. To cite or publish quotations that fall within Fair Use, as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission is required. For instances beyond Fair Use, it is the responsibility of the researcher to determine whether any permissions related to copyright, privacy, publicity, or any other rights are necessary for their intended use of the Library's materials, and to obtain all required permissions from any existing rights holders, if they have not already done so. Princeton University Library's Special Collections does not charge any permission or use fees for the publication of images of materials from our collections, nor does it require researchers to obtain its permission for said use. The department does request that its collections be properly cited and images credited. More detailed information can be found on the Copyright, Credit and Citations Guidelines page on our website. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us through the Ask Us! form.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

For preservation reasons, original analog and digital media may not be read or played back in the reading room. Users may visually inspect physical media but may not remove it from its enclosure. All analog audiovisual media must be digitized to preservation-quality standards prior to use. Audiovisual digitization requests are processed by an approved third-party vendor. Please note, the transfer time required can be as little as several weeks to as long as several months and there may be financial costs associated with the process. Requests should be directed through the Ask Us Form.

Credit this material:

Félix Bonfils Photographs Collection; Manuscripts Division, Department of Special Collections, Princeton University Library

Permanent URL:
Firestone Library
One Washington Road
Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
(609) 258-3184
Storage Note:
  • Firestone Library (scamss): Box 1-2

Find More

Related Materials

Approximately 850 additional Bonfils photographs are available in the Rudolf-Ernst Brunnow Papers (C0396). Additionally, there are 69 photographs by Bonfils in Photographs of Syria and Palestine, v. 2, located in the Graphic Arts Division.


The biographical sketch was written by consulting the following sources: Bortot, M. Scott. "A Journey into a Preserved Past." Middle East Times. March 2003. Rockett, Will H. "The Bonfils Story: A Legacy of Light." Al Mashriq: The Levant. Editor, Borre Ludvigsen. March 2003. Szegedy-Maszak, Andrew. "The Genius of Félix Bonfils." Archaeology. 54, no. 3 (May/June 2001). March 2003.

Subject Terms:
Clothing and dress -- Middle East -- 19th century.
Women -- Middle East -- Photographs.
Genre Terms:
Panoramas -- Lebanon -- Beirut -- 19th century.
Photographs -- 19th century.
Maison Bonfils (Beirut, Lebanon)
Athens (Greece) -- Photographs.
Beirut (Lebanon) -- Photographs.
Greece -- photographs
Lebanon -- Photographs.
Middle East -- Photographs.
Palestine -- Photographs.
Syria -- Photographs.