- Collection Overview
- Collection Description & Creator Information
- Access & Use
- Collection History
- Find Related Materials
- Smillie, T. W. (Thomas William), 1843-1917
- Princeton University. Library. Special Collections
- Thomas W. Smillie Photographs of a Yankton Sioux Delegation
- Manuscripts Division
- Permanent URL:
- 2 boxes and 2.0 linear feet
- Storage Note:
- Firestone Library (mss): Box 1-2
Consists of twenty-two photographs of a delegation of Yankton Sioux Indians that visited Washington, D.C., in 1904, taken by Thomas William Smillie for the Smithsonian's Department of Preparation's Section of Photography.
Collection Description & Creator Information
The collection consists of twenty-two silver gelatin photographs of a delegation of Yankton Sioux Indians that visited Washington (D.C.) in March 1904. The delegation consisted of Thunder Horse, Yellow Horse, Eugene Bruno, Edward Oshie, White Swan, Not-Afraid-of-Pawnee, Iron Bear, Big Tobacco, and His Hoop. There is an image of the entire delegation taken on the roof of the Arts and Industries building of the Smithsonian Institution (the two men dressed in Western clothing are not identified). Also included are three 8.7" x 7.2" studio photographs of the members of the delegation grouped in threes, and 9" x 7" studio portraits of each member, showing a frontal and profile view, with names and dates inscribed on the verso. These latter photogtraphs were done to note the anthropometric features of each member. The photographs are mounted on 13" x 9.7" grey card stock, with negative numbers written in ink on the bottom right hand corner of each image.
Photographs are arranged by the negative number written on the bottom right-hand corner of each image.
- Collection Creator Biography:
The history of photography at the Smithsonian Institution dates from the 1850s. In 1859, Secretary Joseph Henry proposed that a photographic record be assembled of Native American delegations visiting Washington, D.C. In 1867, with the support of Ferdinand V. Hayden, a geologist, and William H. Blackmore, a wealthy English collector, Washington photographers Alexander Gardner and Antonio Zeno Shindler began photographing the Native American delegates. These images formed the earliest Smithsonian photograph collection. In 1883, the Section of Photography was established in the Department of Preparation, with Thomas William Smillie as photographer. Smillie, a former photographer at the United States Fish Commission, had been employed by the Institution as its official photographer since 1870. Smillie was named custodian of the Section in 1896, but also continued to function as the Institution's photographer until his death in 1917.
Purchased in July 2007 .
- Archival Appraisal Information:
No materials were separated during 2012 processing.
- Processing Information:
This collection was processed by Dina Britain in July 2007. Finding aid written by Traci Ballou-Broadnax on July 25, 2007. Folder invnetory added by Feng Zhu '14 in 2012.
Access & Use
- Access Restrictions:
Collection is open for research use.
- Conditions for Reproduction and Use:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. No further photoduplication of copies of material in the collection can be made when Princeton University Library does not own the original. Inquiries regarding publishing material from the collection should be directed to RBSC Public Services staff through the Ask Us! form. The library has no information on the status of literary rights in the collection and researchers are responsible for determining any questions of copyright.
- Credit this material:
Thomas W. Smillie Photographs of a Yankton Sioux Delegation; Manuscripts Division, Department of Special Collections, Princeton University Library
- Permanent URL:
- Firestone LibraryOne Washington RoadPrinceton, NJ 08544, USA(609) 258-3184