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Collection Overview

Fierro, Enrique, 1941-
Enrique Fierro and Ida Vitale papers
Manuscripts Division
Permanent URL:
1935-2008 (mostly 1980-2008)
27 boxes, 148 items, and 11.25 linear feet
Storage Note:
  • Firestone Library (scamss): Box 1-27
Spanish; Castilian


Consists of the personal and literary papers of Uruguayan writers Enrique Fierro and Ida Vitale.

Collection Description & Creator Information

Scope and Contents

This collection consists of the personal and literary papers of Enrique Fierro and Ida Vitale. More than half of the collection consists of Fierro's and Vitale's correspondence with writers, critics, publishers, artists, educational and artistic institutions, and friends. Major correspondents include Mario Benedetti, Italo Calvino, Reinaldo Arenas, Julio Cortázar, Eliseo Diego, José Donoso, Clarice Lispector, Álvaro Mutis, Juan Carlos Onetti, Octavio Paz, Ángel Rama, Emir Rodrígiez Monegal, Gonzalo Rojas, Ernesto Sábato, Idea Vilariño, and several Uruguayan authors and artists.

The rest of the collection consists of writings by Fierro and Vitale, reviews and essays about them, writings of other authors, some photos, and miscellaneous printed materials.

Collection Creator Biography:

Fierro, Enrique, 1941-

Enrique Fierro was born in Montevideo (Uruguay) in 1941. He studied Literature, taught literary theory, and published several collections of poems, translations, and books of literary criticism before leaving Uruguay due to political circumstances. Between 1974 and 1984 Fierro lived in exile in Mexico with his wife, Ida Vitale, working as professor of the Universidad Autónoma de México (UNAM). During this time, he became active in the literary life of Mexico, and had a close relationship to Octavio Paz and Vuelta the literary periodical that Paz founded and directed. In 1985 he returned to Uruguay as Director of the Biblioteca Nacional de Uruguay, post that he held until 1989 when he moved to the United States to work as professor of Latin American poetry at the University of Texas at Austin. Fierro has been the recipient of several awards, among them the Premio Nacional de Poesía de Uruguay, the Premio Municipal de Poesía de Montevideo, and the Premio de Traducción del Círculo de la Crítica Teatral de Uruguay. He has been a member of the editorial board of Maldoror and Poética in Uruguay, Vuelta, Paréntesis, and Cuadernos Americanos in Mexico, El pez y la serpiente in Nicaragua, and Río de la Plata in France.

Major published works:

De la invención (Montevideo, 1964)

Entonces jueves (Montevideo, 1972)

Mutaciones I (Montevideo, 1972)

Impedimenta (Montevideo, 1973)

Capítulo Aparte (Montevideo, 1974)

Breve suma (Mexico, 1976)

½ (Mexico, 1977)

Textos/pretextos (Mexico, 1978)

Las oscuras versiones (Mexico, 1980)

Ver para creer, causa perdida, estaba escrito: para una crítica de la razón poética (Mexico, 1980)

Contrahierba (Mexico, 1982)

Fuera de lugar (Mexico, 1982)

La entonces música (Mexico, 1983)

Ristra (Mexico, 1984)

Quiero ver una vaca (Montevideo, 1989)

Homenajes (Montevideo, 1991)

Travestía (Montevideo, 1992)

Paz por dos (Mexico, 1994)

Marcas y señales (Montevideo, 1996)

La savia duda (Montevideo, 1996)

Margen (Mexico, 1997)

Cuerpo extraño (Montevideo, 1997)

Hechos, deshechos (Montevideo, 1997)

Contra la distancia (Montevideo, 1997)

Selección natural (Montevideo, 1999)

Escrito en México (Mexico, 1999)

Ida Vitale was born in Montevideo (Uruguay) in 1923. She has degrees in Law and Humanities and was a student of José Bergamín. When her first book La luz de esta memoria appeared in 1949, she became one of the central literary figures of the group of "Generación del 45." From 1950 to 1970, she published several poetry collections, critical essays, and translations of poetry, theater, and prose, and was a regular contributor of important journals in Uruguay and Latin America. Between 1974 and 1984 she lived in exile in Mexico, where she frequently contributed to Excelsior, El sol de México, Unomasuno, Plural, and Vuelta. She, and her husband Enrique Fierro, had a close relationship to Octavio Paz and all the literary and artistic circle of Mexico City. She has worked extensively as translator of poetry and literature in different languages: she has translated works by Boris Vian, Molière, Simone de Beauvoir, Benamin Péret, and Jules Supervielle from French; by M. Bontempelli, Luigi Pirandello, and Italo Calvino from Italian; and by Nélida Piñón from Portuguese, among many others. Her work has received many awards: "Premio Nacional de Poesía,", "Premio Municipal de Poesía," and several awards for her translations of theater works.

Major published works:

La luz de esta memoria (Montevideo, 1949)

Palabra dada (Montevideo, 1953)

Cada uno en su noche (Montevideo, 1960)

Oidor andante (Montevideo, 1972)

Fieles (Mexico, 1976)

Jardín de sílice (Caracas, 1980)

Entresaca (Mexico, 1984)

Sueños de la constancia (Mexico, 1988)

Obra Poética I (Montevideo, 1992)

Serie del sinsonte (Montevideo, 1993)

Paz por dos (Mexico, 1994)

Jardines imaginarios (Mexico, 1996)

Varia empresa (Caracas, 1998)

Procura de lo imposible (Mexico, 1998)

Léxico de afinidades (Mexico, 1994)

Donde vuela el camaleón (Montevideo, 1996)

Un invierno equivocado (Mexico, 1999)

El ABC de Byobu (Madrid, 2005)

Trema (Valencia, 2005)

Collection History


Purchased in April 2008 (AM2008-97).


No appraisal information is available.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Carolina Gamboa-Hoyos in July-September, 2008. Finding aid written by Carolina Gamboa-Hoyos in September 22, 2008.

Access & Use

Conditions Governing Access

The collection is open for research, but the correspondence with Alejandro Rossi and Guillermo Sheridan has been restricted by Enrique Fierro and Ida Vitale until the death of Rossi, Sheridan, Fierro, and Vitale.

Conditions Governing Use

Single copies may be made for research purposes. To cite or publish quotations that fall within Fair Use, as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission is required. For instances beyond Fair Use, it is the responsibility of the researcher to determine whether any permissions related to copyright, privacy, publicity, or any other rights are necessary for their intended use of the Library's materials, and to obtain all required permissions from any existing rights holders, if they have not already done so. Princeton University Library's Special Collections does not charge any permission or use fees for the publication of images of materials from our collections, nor does it require researchers to obtain its permission for said use. The department does request that its collections be properly cited and images credited. More detailed information can be found on the Copyright, Credit and Citations Guidelines page on our website. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us through the Ask Us! form.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

For preservation reasons, original analog and digital media may not be read or played back in the reading room. Users may visually inspect physical media but may not remove it from its enclosure. All analog audiovisual media must be digitized to preservation-quality standards prior to use. Audiovisual digitization requests are processed by an approved third-party vendor. Please note, the transfer time required can be as little as several weeks to as long as several months and there may be financial costs associated with the process. Requests should be directed through the Ask Us Form.

Credit this material:

Enrique Fierro and Ida Vitale papers; Manuscripts Division, Department of Special Collections, Princeton University Library

Permanent URL:
Firestone Library
One Washington Road
Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
(609) 258-3184
Storage Note:
  • Firestone Library (scamss): Box 1-27