Contents and Arrangement Expanded View

Collection Overview

Hale, Emily, 1891-1969
Emily Hale Collection
Manuscripts Division
Permanent URL:
1929-1967 (mostly 1929-1930)
1 box and 0.2 linear feet
Storage Note:
  • Firestone Library (scamss): Box 1


Consists chiefly of selected letters of J. J. Hayes sent to Emily Hale related to the Irish theater in the first quarter of the twentieth century.

Collection Description & Creator Information

Scope and Contents

The collection consists of selected correspondence of James Juvenal Hayes Hayes and T. S. Eliot collected by Emily Hale, related to an upcoming trip to Dublin, Ireland. Hayes was the Irish theater literary critic and correspondent for the New York Times and the Boston Globe, and in his letters, he provides Hale with information regarding developments occurring in the Irish theater in the first quarter of the twentieth century. He writes about the Abbey Theatre and the Gate Theatre which was started by Hilton Edwards and Micheál Mac Liammóir, and the latter's effect on the decline of the former. Hayes relates how the emergence of new Irish authors producing their works at the Gate contributed to its success. He criticizes some Irish authors and performances at the Gates Theatre including those of Curtis Canfield, Denis Johnston (and his The Old Lady Says No), Thomas Cornelius Murray (and his The Pipe in the Fields), Lennox Robinson's Ever the Twain, and the plays Dover Road, Juggernaut, and Ten Nights in a Barroom. Hayes' letters also include details of his travels in Ireland. In addition, there are two letters by T. S. Eliot to Emily Hale discussing English and American authors and poets, such as W. H. Auden and Ezra Pound, and one letter and a photograph of F. C. Armstrong.

There is a typed note initialed by Hale, dated 1967, explaining her relationship with both Hayes and Armstrong.


Arranged by correspondent.

Collection Creator Biography:

Hale, Emily, 1891-1969

Emily Hale was born on October 27, 1891. She was an actress and stage director, and taught drama and voice instruction at Simmons College, Milwaukee-Downer College in Wisconsin, Scripps College, and Abbott Academy. She met the poet T.S. Eliot (1888-1965) while he was at pursuing a graduate degree at Harvard, and maintained a lifelong and close friendship with the poet, corresponding with him and routinely visiting him over several decades. Out of his reminiscing of their former relationship, Eliot composed "Burnt Norton" published as the last poem in his Collected Poems 1909-1935 (1936). Hale died in 1969.

Collection History


The material was a gift of the author on March 24, 1962 (AM20907).


No appraisal information is available.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Dina Britain on December 1, 2008. Finding aid written by Natalie Kim on December 4, 2008. Folder Inventory added by Hilde Creager (2015) in 2012.

Access & Use

Conditions Governing Access

The collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Single copies may be made for research purposes. To cite or publish quotations that fall within Fair Use, as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission is required. For instances beyond Fair Use, it is the responsibility of the researcher to determine whether any permissions related to copyright, privacy, publicity, or any other rights are necessary for their intended use of the Library's materials, and to obtain all required permissions from any existing rights holders, if they have not already done so. Princeton University Library's Special Collections does not charge any permission or use fees for the publication of images of materials from our collections, nor does it require researchers to obtain its permission for said use. The department does request that its collections be properly cited and images credited. More detailed information can be found on the Copyright, Credit and Citations Guidelines page on our website. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us through the Ask Us! form.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

For preservation reasons, original analog and digital media may not be read or played back in the reading room. Users may visually inspect physical media but may not remove it from its enclosure. All analog audiovisual media must be digitized to preservation-quality standards prior to use. Audiovisual digitization requests are processed by an approved third-party vendor. Please note, the transfer time required can be as little as several weeks to as long as several months and there may be financial costs associated with the process. Requests should be directed through the Ask Us Form.

Credit this material:

Emily Hale Collection; Manuscripts Division, Department of Special Collections, Princeton University Library

Permanent URL:
Firestone Library
One Washington Road
Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
(609) 258-3184
Storage Note:
  • Firestone Library (scamss): Box 1