Contents and Arrangement

Anonymous, 13th century (middle-second half)

1 box

Collection Overview

Collection Description & Creator Information

Scope and Contents

Obverse: Full-length portrait of Virgin episkepsis, both hands raised, medallion of Christ on her chest. Reverse: Inscription in seven lines.

Ἁπλ(οῦ)σα χεῖρας εἰς ἐπίσκεψιν κόσμου σκέπην κἀμ(οῦ), Πάναγνε, πρακτέοις δίδου

24-syllable metrical seal. The style and letter-forms are indicative of early Palaeologian seals, including the mu forms as well as the shorter middle bar of some of the epsilons. For dating, description follows Wassiliou-Seibt, Corpus der byzantinischen Siegel mit metrischen Legenden, Teil 1 (Vienna, 2011), no. 123, of which this is variation 5 (e). The entry lists the other variations and their publication information. There are several parallels known (Hunger lists 19 examples in the Siegel-Photothek der Byzantinischen Kommission der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaft, while W.-S. includes 8 variations, primarily paleographic).

Collection History


No materials were separated during 2014 processing.

Processing Information

Description by Lain Wilson, 2012.

Access & Use

Conditions Governing Access

The collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Single copies may be made for research purposes. To cite or publish quotations that fall within Fair Use, as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission is required. For instances beyond Fair Use, it is the responsibility of the researcher to determine whether any permissions related to copyright, privacy, publicity, or any other rights are necessary for their intended use of the Library's materials, and to obtain all required permissions from any existing rights holders, if they have not already done so. Princeton University Library's Special Collections does not charge any permission or use fees for the publication of images of materials from our collections, nor does it require researchers to obtain its permission for said use. The department does request that its collections be properly cited and images credited. More detailed information can be found on the Copyright, Credit and Citations Guidelines page on our website. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us through the Ask Us! form.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

For preservation reasons, original analog and digital media may not be read or played back in the reading room. Users may visually inspect physical media but may not remove it from its enclosure. All analog audiovisual media must be digitized to preservation-quality standards prior to use. Audiovisual digitization requests are processed by an approved third-party vendor. Please note, the transfer time required can be as little as several weeks to as long as several months and there may be financial costs associated with the process. Requests should be directed through the Ask Us Form.

Credit this material:

Anonymous; Byzantine Seals Collection, C1460, Manuscripts Division, Department of Special Collections, Princeton University Library

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Storage Note:
  • Firestone Library (mss): Box 1

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Parallels: Istanbul, Archaeological Museum 360; Auktion Sternberg 2, 25-26 November 1991, no. 506; Theodoridis (=HParallels: Istanbul, Archaeological Museum 360; Auktion Sternberg 2, 25-26 November 1991, no. 506; Theodoridis (=H. Hunger, "Heimsuchung und Schirmherrschaft über Welt und Menschheit: Μήτηρ Θεοῦ ἡ Ἐπίσκεψις," SBS 4 (1995): 33-42, no. 6).