Contents and Arrangement

Niketas, Proedros and Doux of Antioch, 1034

1 box

Collection Overview

Collection Description & Creator Information

Scope and Contents

Obverse: Full-length portrait of Virgin, holding Christ in left hand. Reverse: Inscription in six lines.

Θεοτόκε βοήθει Νικήτᾳ προέδρῳ και δουκὶ Ἀντιοχείας

This Niketas should be identified as the brother of the emperor Michael IV (1034-1041). The Orghidan seal is in much worse condition, and does not include a legible inscription on the obverse. In addition, the reverse inscription is "Κύριε βοήθει"; that is, it lacks the initial theta. Laurent read a cross, which this specimen should allow us to reject in favor of Θεοτόκε. Finally, it should be noted that the obverse inscription, Ἡ Νικόποιος, which does agree with the Laurent specimen, does not match the iconography, which is the Hodogetria type. There is some disagreement over whether or not these types should be identified in the absence of an inscription, and so this mismatch is the more noteworthy. The Nikopoios icon depicts the Virgin holding a medallion of Christ in front of her chest.

Collection History


No materials were separated during 2014 processing.

Processing Information

Description by Lain Wilson, 2012.

Access & Use

Conditions Governing Access

The collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Single copies may be made for research purposes. To cite or publish quotations that fall within Fair Use, as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission is required. For instances beyond Fair Use, it is the responsibility of the researcher to determine whether any permissions related to copyright, privacy, publicity, or any other rights are necessary for their intended use of the Library's materials, and to obtain all required permissions from any existing rights holders, if they have not already done so. Princeton University Library's Special Collections does not charge any permission or use fees for the publication of images of materials from our collections, nor does it require researchers to obtain its permission for said use. The department does request that its collections be properly cited and images credited. More detailed information can be found on the Copyright, Credit and Citations Guidelines page on our website. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us through the Ask Us! form.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

For preservation reasons, original analog and digital media may not be read or played back in the reading room. Users may visually inspect physical media but may not remove it from its enclosure. All analog audiovisual media must be digitized to preservation-quality standards prior to use. Audiovisual digitization requests are processed by an approved third-party vendor. Please note, the transfer time required can be as little as several weeks to as long as several months and there may be financial costs associated with the process. Requests should be directed through the Ask Us Form.

Credit this material:

Niketas, Proedros and Doux of Antioch; Byzantine Seals Collection, C1460, Manuscripts Division, Department of Special Collections, Princeton University Library

Firestone Library
One Washington Road
Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
(609) 258-3184
Storage Note:
  • Firestone Library (mss): Box 1

Find More


Parallel: Laurent, Orghidan no. 198