Contents and Arrangement Expanded View

Collection Overview

John Frippo Brown Papers
Manuscripts Division
Permanent URL:
circa 1873-1875
1 box and 0.2 linear feet
Storage Note:
  • Firestone Library (scamss): Box B-001553


Consists of a small collection of materials relating to Seminole chief John Frippo Brown (1842-1919) and his family, including a manuscript notebook, calling card, and five tintype photographs.

Collection Description & Creator Information

Scope and Contents

This collection comprises a small group of papers relating to John Frippo Brown (1842-1919), a Seminole chief, trading company operator, and Baptist minister, and his family. Materials include a manuscript notebook containing occasional notes and accounts kept by Brown or another family member, Brown's calling card, and five tintype photographs picturing Brown and his family members.

Notebook entries cover a variety of topics, including notes on local geological features, translations of what are likely Mvskoke (Muscogee, Creek) phrases, a list of seven "Tribes of Creeks speaking different languages," and records of paid accounts, including an account with Seminole leader Caesar Bruner. Another note referring to Brown reads, "At JFB to look at treaty." Several pages of the notebook also touch on medical or medicinal subjects, including hemorrhoids, diarrhea, dropsy, and other ailments. One page describes a remedy for cholera, the disease which killed Brown's parents in 1867. Another page lists a recipe for "tooth wash" that includes ammonia.

The notebook includes entries dated in 1873 and 1875, but all other entries and materials in the collection are undated.

Collection Creator Biography:

John Frippo Brown (1842-1919) was the last principal chief of the Seminole Nation before Oklahoma statehood and governed the nation from 1885 to 1901 and 1905 to 1906. His mother was Lucy Redbeard of the Seminole Nation, and his father was Dr. John F. Brown, Sr., a Scottish American government physician. Brown served as an officer in the Confederate States Army under Seminole chief John Jumper (circa 1820-1896) during the American Civil War. After the war, Brown maintained a ranch southeast of Wewoka in what is now Hughes County, Oklahoma. He also ran the Wewoka Trading Company with his brother Andrew J. Brown and served as pastor of the Spring Baptist Church near his home in Sasakwa from 1894 until his death. His sister Alice Brown Davis was the first woman appointed as a Seminole chief in 1922. Brown married Lizzie Jumper and remarried twice following her death. He had twelve children.

Collection History


Purchased from William Reese Company in 2020 . AM 2021-28.


No materials were removed from the collection during 2020 processing.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Kelly Bolding in December 2020. Finding aid written by Kelly Bolding in December 2020.

Access & Use

Conditions Governing Access

Open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Single copies may be made for research purposes. No further duplication of copies of material in the collection can be made when Princeton University Library does not own the original. Inquiries regarding publishing material from the collection should be directed to Special Collections Public Services staff through the Ask Us! form. The library has no information on the status of literary rights in the collection and researchers are responsible for determining any questions of copyright.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

For preservation reasons, original analog and digital media may not be read or played back in the reading room. Users may visually inspect physical media but may not remove it from its enclosure. All analog audiovisual media must be digitized to preservation-quality standards prior to use. Audiovisual digitization requests are processed by an approved third-party vendor. Please note, the transfer time required can be as little as several weeks to as long as several months and there may be financial costs associated with the process. Requests should be directed through the Ask Us Form.

Credit this material:

John Frippo Brown Papers; Manuscripts Division, Department of Special Collections, Princeton University Library

Permanent URL:
Firestone Library
One Washington Road
Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
(609) 258-3184
Storage Note:
  • Firestone Library (scamss): Box B-001553