Contents and Arrangement Expanded View

Collection Overview

Letters to Michaēl Iatros
Manuscripts Division
Permanent URL:
1 box and 0.2 linear feet
Storage Note:
  • ReCAP (scarcpxm): Box 1
Greek, Modern


Consists of incoming letters to Michaēl Iatros, a Greek politician and merchant, from several merchants and philanthropists, and members of the clergy.

Collection Description & Creator Information

Scope and Contents

The collection comprises eighty-eight letters from the early Kingdom of Greece, forming an interesting body of correspondence among some of the principal figures of the Greek political and commercial scene under the reign of King Otto. All letters are addressed to the influential Greek businessman and politician Michaēl Iatros, based in Nauplion, the capital of Greece until 1834. Iatros' letters set into granular relief the activities that characterized the daily life of this leading figure in the second city of 19th century Greece. Readers find the apologies and excuses for delays, typical of international correspondence of the time, which indicate the increasingly hurried pace of life in industialising Greece. The list of correspondents represented in this collection includes members of the powerful commercial family Petzalē based in Patras, Geece (whose family origins, the Pezzali, strech back to Italy, as indeed did those of the Iatros or Meddici clan); the merchant and philanthopist Spyridon Alexandrakēs from Kalamata, alongside members of the clergy, Dionysios Aravantinos from Corinth, and head of the influential Lykourezos (Likourezéas) family, Ēlias, whose descendants played a leading role in the legal and political questions of Manē of the 19th and 20th centuries. These figures, alongside Iatros himself, all played significant roles in the Greek Uprising of 1821 and in the establishment of the modern Greek state in the years following. The letters are well-preserved throughout, with light foxing and ink stains and frequent tears and edge effects due to the opening of the letters' original seals and manipulation by the recipient. All letters are clearly marked with contemporary stamps indicating dates and places. The collection also preserves evidence of Iatros' own meticulous epistolary routine: each letter includes Iatros' notes of the date a letter was sent, the date of its arrival in Nauplion, and the date of his reply.

Collection History


Gift of the Program in Hellenic Studies with the support of the Stanley J. Seeger Hellenic Fund (AM 2023-082).


No materials were removed from the collection during 2023 processing beyond routine appraisal practices.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Kalliopi Balatsouka in January 2023. Finding aid written by Kalliopi Balatsouka in January 2023, incorporating some description written by the dealer.

Access & Use

Conditions Governing Access

The collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Single copies may be made for research purposes. To cite or publish quotations that fall within Fair Use, as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission is required. For instances beyond Fair Use, it is the responsibility of the researcher to determine whether any permissions related to copyright, privacy, publicity, or any other rights are necessary for their intended use of the Library's materials, and to obtain all required permissions from any existing rights holders, if they have not already done so. Princeton University Library's Special Collections does not charge any permission or use fees for the publication of images of materials from our collections, nor does it require researchers to obtain its permission for said use. The department does request that its collections be properly cited and images credited. More detailed information can be found on the Copyright, Credit and Citations Guidelines page on our website. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us through the Ask Us! form.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

For preservation reasons, original analog and digital media may not be read or played back in the reading room. Users may visually inspect physical media but may not remove it from its enclosure. All analog audiovisual media must be digitized to preservation-quality standards prior to use. Audiovisual digitization requests are processed by an approved third-party vendor. Please note, the transfer time required can be as little as several weeks to as long as several months and there may be financial costs associated with the process. Requests should be directed through the Ask Us Form.

Credit this material:

Letters to Michaēl Iatros; Manuscripts Division, Department of Special Collections, Princeton University Library

Permanent URL:
Firestone Library
One Washington Road
Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
(609) 258-3184
Storage Note:
  • ReCAP (scarcpxm): Box 1