- Collection Overview
- Collection Description & Creator Information
- Access & Use
- Collection History
- Find Related Materials
Subseries 3D: International Civil Liberties, 1942-1982
Collection Description & Creator Information
- Scope and Contents
The International Civil Liberties subseries (19 linear feet) contains press releases, correspondence with officials like General Douglas MacArthur, and reports on censorship, labor laws and U.S. policy. Much of this material attests to Roger Baldwin's personal interest in international civil liberties during this period.
The subseries is divided into three parts. The first, Subject Files (1942-1982), comprising reports, memoranda, publications, news clippings and other miscellany, documents U.S. policy and civil liberties cases in foreign countries (especially England, Canada, and Germany). Literature from foreign rights organizations like the Japanese and German Civil Liberties Unions, are also preserved here, as is the United Nations, its cases and off-shoot organizations. Though the collection runs from 1942 through 1982, the later years tend to be thinner, containing mostly published literature.
The second part, U.S. Occupied Areas (1946-1973), initially focuses on Germany, Korea and Japan, the rights of Americans in these areas and the imposition of American-influenced constitutions. By the 1950s, America had pulled out of most territories and the collection is dominated by material on Japan, particularly press releases and Baldwin's memoranda on Okinawa, a Ryukyu island south of Japan where the U.S. established a strategic base after World War II and which remained America's sole occupied territory through the early 1970s.
The third part, U.S. Possessions (1946-1979), documents United States involvement in the Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, Samoa and Guam, and to a lesser extent Micronesia and the Panama Canal area. As with the occupied territories, Baldwin's concern was with constitutional development, legislation and elections. Congressional hearings and legislation such as the Virgin Islands' Organic Act are well documented. Correspondence between Baldwin and ACLU representatives in these territories become sparser by the 1970s, and pertains mostly to Puerto Rico.
The board of directors at the ACLU did not share Baldwin's passion for international civil liberties issues. By the 1970s, after constitutions were established in America's occupied and acquired territories, and once the United Nations was firmly established, Baldwin's expertise became somewhat superfluous and the ACLU retreated from international concerns.
No arrangement action taken or arrangement information not recorded at the time of processing.
During the processing of this collection, many items were discarded, including newspaper clippings from the New York Times and other major newspapers, government publications, well- known serial publications, and publications and large distribution memoranda from well-known and well-documented organizations such as the American Jewish Committee or Americans United for the Separation of Church and State.
These papers were processed with the generous support of the National Historical Publications and Records Commission and the John Foster and Janet Avery Dulles Fund.
- Processing Information
This collection was processed by Paula Jabloner in 1994-1996 with the assistance of Assistant Archivist for Technical Services Daniel Linke, Special Collections Assistants Amy Escott, Claire Johnston, Alison McCuaig, and Tom Rosko, and students Laurie Alexander, Christina Aragon, Laura Burt, Jue Chen, Clement Doyle, Joe Faber, Said Farah, Boyd Goodson, Naomi Harlin, Janet Hine, Matthew Honahan, Katherine Johnson, Damian Long, Theresa Marchitto, Laura Myones, Olivia Kew, Grace Koo, Dan Sack, Bijan Salehizadeh, Tina Wang, Kyle Weston, and Elizabeth Williamson.
Access & Use
- Conditions Governing Access
Subgroup 2 is open for research use.
- Conditions Governing Use
Single copies may be made for research purposes. To cite or publish quotations that fall within Fair Use, as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission is required. For instances beyond Fair Use, it is the responsibility of the researcher to determine whether any permissions related to copyright, privacy, publicity, or any other rights are necessary for their intended use of the Library's materials, and to obtain all required permissions from any existing rights holders, if they have not already done so. Princeton University Library's Special Collections does not charge any permission or use fees for the publication of images of materials from our collections, nor does it require researchers to obtain its permission for said use. The department does request that its collections be properly cited and images credited. More detailed information can be found on the Copyright, Credit and Citations Guidelines page on our website. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us through the Ask Us! form.
- Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements
For preservation reasons, original analog and digital media may not be read or played back in the reading room. Users may visually inspect physical media but may not remove it from its enclosure. All analog audiovisual media must be digitized to preservation-quality standards prior to use. Audiovisual digitization requests are processed by an approved third-party vendor. Please note, the transfer time required can be as little as several weeks to as long as several months and there may be financial costs associated with the process. Requests should be directed through the Ask Us Form.
- Credit this material:
Subseries 3D: International Civil Liberties; American Civil Liberties Union Records: Subgroup 2, Subject Files Series, MC001-02-03, Public Policy Papers, Department of Special Collections, Princeton University Library
- Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library65 Olden StreetPrinceton, NJ 08540, USA
- Storage Note:
- ReCAP (rcpph): Box 1148-1187
- Existence and Location of Copies
American Civil Liberties Union Records: Subgroup 2, Subject Files Series, Boxes 704 through 1192 are stored offsite. The records in these boxes have been digitized and are available online to members of the Princeton University Community, or visitors to campus, through the Princeton University Library's subscription to the Gale database American Civil Liberties Union Papers, 1912-1990.
Public records of the ACLU from 1917 to 1989, have been microfilmed by the Microfilming Corporation of America (MCA) and University Microfilms International (UMI). These records include minutes of the board of directors, mailings to the board of directors, biennial conference papers, policy guides, the national legal docket, organization manuals, constitution and bylaws, legal briefs, and publications. The microfilm may be requested through this finding aid, in the second series.
- Other Finding Aids
This finding aid describes a portion of the American Civil Liberties Union Records held at the Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library. For an overview of the entire collection, instructions on searching the collection and requesting materials, and other information, please see the Guide to the American Civil Liberties Union Records.
Historical sketch based on In Defense of American Liberties: A History of the ACLU by Samuel Walker. See also Samuel Walker's The American Civil Liberties Union: An Annotated Bibliography.
- American Union Against Militarism
United States. | Constitution. 1st-10th Amendments
Marshall Civil Liberties Trust Fund
National Civil Liberties Bureau (U.S.)
New York Times company
Baldwin, Roger N. (Roger Nash), 1884-1981
Dulles, John Foster, 1888-1959.
Ennis, Bruce J., 1941-
Everson, Arch R.
Gault, Gerald Francis, 1949 or 50-
Gideon, Clarence Earl
Hays, Arthur Garfield, 1881-1954
Levy, Herbert Monte, 1923-
Malin, Patrick Murphy, 1903-1964
Neier, Aryeh, 1937-
Neuborne, Burt, 1941-
Nixon, Richard M. Richard Milhous 1913-1994
Pemberton, John de J., Jr., 1919-2009
Perry, Richard L.
Pound, Ezra, 1885-1972.
Powell, John A. (John Anthony)
Schempp, Edward L.
Scopes, John Thomas, 1900-1970
Seeger, Daniel A.
Tinker, John Frederick
Wulf, Melvin A.