Contents and Arrangement Expanded View

Collection Overview

Creator:
Walker, William Henry, 1871-1938
Collector:
Princeton University. Library. Special Collections
Title:
William H. Walker Cartoon Collection
Repository:
Public Policy Papers
Permanent URL:
http://arks.princeton.edu/ark:/88435/n296wz13v
Dates:
1894-1922
Size:
45 boxes
Storage Note:
This is stored in multiple locations. ReCAP (rcpph): Box 1-43 Mudd Manuscript Library (mudd): Box 44-45
Language:
English

Abstract

The William H. Walker Cartoon Collection reflects the political climate of America during the late 19th Century and early 20th Century. Specifically, the cartoons were drawn between 1894 and 1922 for Life Magazine. While the earlier years did not encompass the quantity of cartoons of the latter years, Walker's satirical style is ever poignant. Through the use of humor, Walker directs attention towards such topics as war, immigration and domestic politics. These themes are related to the reader through the synergistic relationship of ink on paper and intellectual wit. In turn, this relationship generated a light, but serious message for all to appreciate.

Collection Description & Creator Information

Description:

Consists of approximately 1000 pen-and-ink drawings for cartoons which Walker published in Life magazine between 1894 and 1922. Walker’s images touch on topics including the presidencies of Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson, the invasion of the Philippines, the rise of the railroads, voting rights, political corruption, isolationism, xenophobia, World War I, women’s rights, child labor, strikes, and colonialism. Walker’s largest topic of satire revolved around domestic political policy. The melting pot theory became a major area of Walker’s exploration.

Arrangement:

The cartoons are arranged chronologically by date of drawing.

Collection Creator Biography:

William H. Walker was born on February 13, 1871 in Pittston, Pennsylvania to Reverend Ira T. Walker and Orcelia A.Barnes. Walker entered Kentucky University in the Fall of 1888, but after a year transferred to the University of Rochester where he received a Bachelor of Science in 1891. On June 25, 1900 he married Adelaide Miller.

After the turn of the century, the volume of Walker's cartoons increased. One style Walker frequently used to drive home a particular viewpoint was to play upon the stereotypical analogies between good and evil. For example, he used such stories as the hare/tortoise, farmer/snake and little red riding hood to portray the destructive and rippling effects of war. A considerable number of cartoons concentrated on the increasing diversity of the American population. While immigration was on the rise, the melting pot theory became a great area of Walker's exploration. Finally, the largest topic of satire revolved around domestic political policy. The struggle for power between Republicans (elephant) and Democrats (donkey) often involved such prominent figures as Uncle Sam, Hughes, President Wilson, and Taft.

Walker started drawing cartoons for Life in 1894, but it was not until 1898 that he joined the staff. Life had only been in existence since 1883 when it was founded by a Harvard graduate -- John Ames Mitchell. Mitchell targeted a higher class of people than the already popular humor magazines which included Puck and The Judge. The ultimate success of Life partially revolved around Walker's combination of serious politics and humor. However, Life's following waned and in 1936, Time Inc. took over. While ultimately the popularity of Life dissipated, Walker set a precedent for future satirists. On January 18, 1938, at the age of 67, Walker died.

Collection History

Acquisition:

The Walker Cartoon Collection was transferred from the Graphic Arts unit in the department of Special Collection to the Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library, in July 1991 . Five additional cartoons were transferred in May 2012. The accession number for this transfer was ML.2012.025.

Archival Appraisal Information:

No appraisal information is available.

Processing Information:

This collection was processed by Laurie A. Alexander in July 1992. Finding aid written by Laurie A. Alexander in July 1992.

Access & Use

Access Restrictions:

The William H. Walker Cartoon Collection is open for research.

Conditions for Reproduction and Use:

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. For quotations that are fair use as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission to cite or publish is required. For those few instances beyond fair use, researchers are responsible for determining who may hold the copyright and obtaining approval from them. Researchers do not need anything further from the Mudd Library to move forward with their use.

Credit this material:

William H. Walker Cartoon Collection; Public Policy Papers, Department of Special Collections, Princeton University Library

Permanent URL:
http://arks.princeton.edu/ark:/88435/n296wz13v
Location:
Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library
65 Olden Street
Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
(609) 258-6345

Find More

Alternative Form Available:

FOR DIGITIZED CONTENT: Cartoons in this collection have been digitized may be viewed or downloaded through this finding aid. To view materials, navigate to the item in the left-hand column and open it.

Related Material:

Additional cartoons by Walker are located in the Graphic Arts Collection at the Firestone Library, Princeton University. Search the Princeton University Library website for Collections, Graphic Arts. The Walker cartoons can be located by searching the Visuals Database for Graphic Arts.

Subject Terms:
American wit and humor, Pictorial.
Political satire, American.
Genre Terms:
Caricatures and cartoons -- United States.
Cartoons (humorous images)
Cartoons (working drawings)
Political cartoons -- United States.
Places:
United States -- Politics and government -- Caricatures and cartoons.