Contents and Arrangement

Series 2: Subject Files, 1851-1995

332 boxes
Restricted Content

Collection Overview

Collection Description & Creator Information


The Records of the Association on American Indian Affairs consist primarily of textual records, with modest but revealing bodies of photographic and audiovisual material. They represent the work of many hands, both paid and unpaid, and testify to the durability of the AAIA and the needs which called it into existence. The activities documented in these Records are myriad and reflect a complex pattern of relationships, not only within the AAIA itself but with representatives of governments, tribes, and other organizations. While the different facets of the Association's work cannot be compartmentalized in any absolute sense, the series and subseries into which these Records have been divided highlight broad areas of interest and involvement, such as "Legislation" or "Legal Cases;" significant organizational and functional elements, such as "Administration" or "Correspondence;" and the individuality of officers, such as Oliver La Farge or Hildegarde Forbes, whose personal files relating to the AAIA have been subsumed into -- though not interfiled with -- the overall collection. The single largest component of these Records and, arguably, the keystone, is "Tribal," a subseries which documents the Association's work on behalf of hundreds of Native American communities and its concern with local issues. In contrast, matters of national scope, including entities with a national constituency, are to be found in "General," a subseries second only to "Tribal" in size. Researchers can therefore plumb both the microcosm and the macrocosm of Native American life, as well as charting the links between the two. The picture of the AAIA formed by the thousands of files which collectively constitute these Records, contains innumerable brush strokes. Some are disappointingly broad and some are numbingly detailed, but for the most part they are illuminating: an invaluable source of insight into the controverted but, as these Records attest, sometimes constructive relationship of Indians and non-Indians in the twentieth century.


The materials in this subseries are arranged into six subseries: General, Tribal, Legislation, Legal Cases, Programs, and Publications and Circulars.

Collection History

Archival Appraisal Information:

No information about appraisal is available for this collection prior to the 2007 addition. Materials related to particular scholarships were separated from the August 2007 addition [ML.2007.027] and returned to the donor as requested.

No materials were separated from subsequent additions in 2008-2015. The exception is the 2014 addition [ML.2014.007]; AAIA newsletters that had already been catalogued by Princeton's Firestone Library were removed.

Approximately 1.5 linear feet consisting of routine financial information, personnel records, and other out-of-scope materials were removed from the October 2016 addition [ML.2016.034].


These records were processed with the generous support of The National Endowment for the Humanities and The John Foster and Janet Avery Dulles Fund.

Access & Use

Conditions Governing Access

The Family Law component and portions of the Criminal Law and Legal Aid components of Legal Cases (Series 2, Subseries 4) are closed for a period of 75 years following the date of their creation. All other records in this series are closed for a period of 15 years following the date of their creation.

Conditions for Reproduction and Use:

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. For quotations that are fair use as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission to cite or publish is required. For those few instances beyond fair use, any copyright vested in the donor has passed to Princeton University and researchers are free to move forward with use of materials without anything further from Mudd Library. For materials not created by the donor, where the copyright is not held by the University, researchers are responsible for determining who may hold the copyright and obtaining approval from them. In these instances, researchers do not need anything further from the Mudd Library to move forward with their use. If you have a question about who owns the copyright for an item, you may request clarification by contacting us through the Ask Us! form.

Special Requirements for Access:

Access to audiovisual material in this collection follows the Mudd Manuscript Library policy for preservation and access to audiovisual materials.

This collection contains materials acquired from an Apple iMac desktop computer and other unknown desktop computers. Researchers are responsible for meeting the technical requirements needed to access these materials, including any and all hardware and software.

Credit this material:

Series 2: Subject Files; Association on American Indian Affairs Records, MC147, Public Policy Papers, Department of Special Collections, Princeton University Library

Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library
65 Olden Street
Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
(609) 258-6345
Storage Note:
Mudd Manuscript Library (mudd): Boxes 57-382; 551-556

Find More

Existence and Location of Copies

Materials in Subseries 1 and 2 of this series have been digitized in their entirety and are available for members of the Princeton University community to view here. The open portions of Subseries 3 through Subseries 6 have also been digitized and are available for members of the Princeton University community to view here.

Subseries 1 and 2 of this series were microfilmed by Primary Source Microfilm in 2004 as Series 2, Parts 1 and 2 of its Native America: A Primary Record microfilm collection. The guide to Series 2, Parts 1 and 2 of the microfilm collection (comprising of Series 2, Subseries 1 and Subseries 2 of the AAIA records at Mudd Library) is available here. This microfilm collection is available at many academic institutions and may be requested from other institutions through interlibrary loan. Search WorldCat for "Native America: A Primary Record, Series 2" to determine where the microfilm collection is available near you or where it may be requested from through interlibrary loan.

Cook Inlet Native Association
Eight Northern Indian Pueblos Council
Alaska Federation of Natives
American Indian Community House (New York, N.Y.)
American Indian Defense Association
American Indian Development Corporation
Association of Contract Tribal Schools
Association of Village Council Presidents
United States. American Indian Policy Review Commission
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs
United States., Department of the Intérior
Tanana Chiefs Conference, Inc.
Inter Tribal Council of Arizona
Inuit Circumpolar Conference
John Hay Whitney Foundation
National congress of American Indians
National Indian Education Association
Organization for Social and Technical Innovation
Burge, Moris S.
Byler, William
Cohen, Felix S., 1907-1953
Collier, John, 1884-1968
Debo, Angie, 1890-1988
Emerson, Haven, 1874-1957
Ernst, Roger C., 1914-
Flute, Jerry, 1939-
Forbes, Henry Stone, 1882-
Forbes, Hildegarde B.
Hanley, Joy J., 1940-
Kimble, Gary Niles
La Farge, Oliver, 1901-1963
Lazarus, Arthur
Lesser, Alexander, 1902-1982
Madigan, La Verne
McKittrick, Margaret
Órtiz, Alfonso, 1939-1997
Resnick, Idrian N.
Schifter, Richard
Smith, Corinna Lindon, 1876-1965
Stevens, Alden
Unger, Steven, 1946-