- Collection Overview
- Collection Description & Creator Information
- Access & Use
- Collection History
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Series 3, Subject and Organizational Files, 1922-1974
Collection Description & Creator Information
- Scope and Contents
Series 3, Subject and Organizational Files (1922-1972) contains the core of The Hugh Moore Fund Collection. Here may be found materials reflecting the wide-ranging diversity of Hugh Moore's life-long interests in the areas of international relations and population.
It is important to note that, despite the large number of organizations listed, there are not complete sets of papers for any of these organizations. These materials relate specifically to Moore's involvement with an organization -- often individually and under the aegis of The Hugh Moore Fund -- though some general organizational materials are found. Important aspects of this series are noted below.
The materials under the subject heading NATO consist of several prominent citizens' organizations including the American Council on NATO, Inc., the Atlantic Citizens' Congress, the Atlantic Institute, and the Atlantic Union Committee. All of these organizations were extremely concerned with the idea of Atlantic Unity, especially the Atlantic Union Committee. Founded in 1949 by former U.S. Supreme Court Justice Owen J. Roberts and former Under Secretary of State Will L. Clayton, it functioned as an advocacy group favoring the formation of a federal union of the democracies of North America and Western Europe. Hugh Moore served as the Chair of the Executive Committee from 1949 to 1951.
The subject files relating to population contain a wide variety of materials documenting the population movement. Of interest are the papers relating to the World Population Emergency Campaign (WPEC) which was formed by The Hugh Moore Fund in 1960 with the sole function of funding the International Planned Parenthood Federation. The records fully document Hugh Moore's role in the WPEC as well as the International Planned Parenthood for the years from 1953 to the mid-1960s. There is only a small amount of material relating to Planned Parenthood.
Of further interest within this subject heading are the papers documenting the Population Crisis Committee. This was an organization founded in 1961 by the Hugh Moore Fund and was responsible for an enormous newspaper advertisement campaign (1964-1968) printed under the aegis of a small sub-committee of the Population Crisis Committee called the "Campaign to Check the Population Explosion." The major purpose of the committee, which operated out of Washington, D.C., was to initiate a greater degree of government involvement in issues of population control. In addition to Moore, William Draper and Cass Canfield (also chair of the governing body of the International Planned Parenthood Foundation) were active in the formation of the Committee. Kenneth B. Keating, former U.S. Senator from New York, was selected as the national chair. The Hugh Moore Fund itself was also responsible for a series of appeals to the government in the form of advertisements in newspapers and magazines which expressed the opinion of the Fund and the businessmen and leaders who signed the advertisements.
The subject files relating to the United Nations contain materials relating to Moore's involvement with the American Association for the United Nations (1937-1962) (formerly known as the League of Nations Association and the United Nations Association). Materials relating to Moore's role as a consultant to the U.S. Delegation at the 1945 San Francisco conference to establish the United Nations will not be found in this part of the collection but are located within the material of the Americans United for World Organization; it was under the name of this group that Moore travelled to San Francisco.
Other organizations of interest in the general listing for which there are substantial amounts of material include the American Assembly (1951-1972), the American Union for Concerted Peace Efforts (1939-1941), the Americans United for World Organization (1944-1945), the Commission to Study the Organization of Peace (1939-1949), the Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies (1940-1941), the Council on Foreign Relations (1937-1969), the Free World Association (1939-1947), the St. Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation (1954-1970), and the Woodrow Wilson Foundation (1943-1964).
In an effort to provide a sense of order to what would otherwise be a purely alphabetical listing, certain materials have been grouped under the subject headings NATO, Population, and the United Nations. In general, organizations are arranged alphabetically. The exceptions to this arrangement are those groups whose names changed over the period of time in which Moore was involved with them. In these cases, regardless of the different names, all materials will be listed alphabetically under the most recent name of the organization in chronological order, from earliest to most recent. For example, Hugh Moore was active in the United Nations Association. These materials are located under the general subject heading "United Nations", and then under the organizational name, "American Association for the United Nations," the most recent name of the United Nations Association. Also under this organizational name will be found materials relating to the United Nations Association's predecessor, the League of Nations.
Materials relating to the Dixie Cup Corporation were removed from the collection in 1995. The Dixie Cup Records are located in the archives at Lafayette College in Easton, Pa. Please contact the Archives and Special Collections at Lafayette College for information regarding this collection.
A small group of materials relating to the Committee on the Marshall Plan, of which Moore served as treasurer, were separated from the collection in April, 1994, and sent to the Truman Presidential Library in Independence, Missouri where they will complement the other holdings on the Marshall Plan that Moore had sent to that library at an earlier date.
Several books that came in the April 2012 accession were sent to the book sale.
- Processing Information
This collection was processed by Melissa Johnson during 1994 and 1995. Finding aid written by Melissa Johnson during 1995. The finding aid was updated by Maureen Callahan in April 2004 in order to incorporate materials in the April 2012 accession. These materials were re-housed in archival folders and boxes at this time.
Access & Use
- Conditions Governing Access
Collection is open for research use.
- Conditions Governing Use
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. For quotations that are fair use as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission to cite or publish is required. For those few instances beyond fair use, researchers are responsible for determining who may hold the copyright and obtaining approval from them. Researchers do not need anything further from the Mudd Library to move forward with their use.
- Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements
For preservation reasons, original analog and digital media may not be read or played back in the reading room. Users may visually inspect physical media but may not remove it from its enclosure. All analog audiovisual media must be digitized to preservation-quality standards prior to use. Audiovisual digitization requests are processed by an approved third-party vendor. Please note, the transfer time required can be as little as several weeks to as long as several months and there may be financial costs associated with the process. Requests should be directed through the Ask Us Form.
- Credit this material:
Series 3, Subject and Organizational Files; Hugh Moore Fund Collection, MC153, Public Policy Papers, Department of Special Collections, Princeton University Library
- Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library65 Olden StreetPrinceton, NJ 08540, USA
- Storage Note:
- Mudd Manuscript Library (mudd): Box 3-27
- Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies
Council on foreign relations
American Association for the United Nations
Americans United for World Organization (U.S.)
Atlantic Citizens' Congress (U.S.)
Atlantic Union (U.S.)
Atlantic Union Committee
Woodrow Wilson Foundation
World peace foundation
World Population Emergency Campaign (U.S.)
United Nations association of the United States of America
United Nations association of the United States of America
United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference 1944 Bretton Woods, N.H.
Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation.
League of Nations.
International Free World Association.
International Planned Parenthood Federation.
Hugh Moore fund
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Planned parenthood federation of America
Population Crisis Committee
Canfield, Cass, 1897-1986
Clayton, Will, 1880-1966
Draper, William F., 1912-2003
Kefauver, Estes, 1903-1963
Marts, Arnauld C.
Rockefeller, John D., III (John Davison), 1906-1978
Roper, Elmo, 1900-1971.
Sanger, Margaret, 1879-1966