- Collection Overview
- Collection Description & Creator Information
- Access & Use
- Collection History
- Find Related Materials
- Medina, Harold R. (Harold Raymond), 1888-1990
- Princeton University. Library. Department of Rare Books and Special Collections
- Harold R. Medina papers
- Public Policy Papers
- Permanent URL:
- 332 boxes, 1 folder, and 2 items
- Storage Note:
- ReCAP (rcpph): Boxes 1-22; 24-94; 99-178; 181-274; 283; 288-296; 299-300; 302-353; 377
Harold Raymond Medina (1888-1990) was a noted jurist, Princeton alumnus, and creator of a New York State Bar preparation course. This collection includes legal records, personal and professional correspondence, photographs, audio recordings, and teaching materials; in aggregate, they offer a substantial record of Medina's life and work.
Collection Description & Creator Information
This collection includes legal records, personal and professional correspondence, photographs, audio recordings, and teaching materials; in aggregate, they offer a substantial record of Medina's life and work. The bulk of the records in this collection is legal records, collected by Medina at a time when such resources were not widely distributed. They provide an almost-comprehensive record of Medina's career as a lawyer and judge.
Correspondence is usually kept in chronological rather than subject order. Researchers looking for correspondence will find it in the correspondence series, as well as the subject files series and his personal files.
The box numbers assigned at the beginning of this collection's custody at Princeton have been maintained, although in some cases they have been re-ordered throughout the finding aid for intellectual coherence. Boxes 23 and 75-82 are currently missing from the collection. Boxes 95-98, 179-180, 284-287, 297-298 and 301 have been removed from the collection.
- Collection Creator Biography:
Harold Raymond Medina was born in Brooklyn, New York on February 16, 1888, the son of Joaquin A. and Elizabeth M. Medina. He attended Princeton University, where he graduated in 1909 with highest honors in French. Medina continued to be an engaged alumnus for the rest of his life; he was Princeton's oldest living alumnus for many years.
Medina earned his law degree (LL.B.) from Columbia in 1912, and was eventually awarded honorary degrees from Columbia, St. Johns, Dartmouth, Williams, Bates, Princeton, Northeastern, and many others.
After graduating Columbia, Medina was admitted to the New York bar in 1912 and was an associate with the firm Davies, Auerbach and Cornell from 1912-1918. He was a senior member of the firm Medina and Sherpick from 1918-1947, and taught law at Columbia from 1915-1940. Medina was appointed to the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York in 1947, and served until 1951, at which time he was appointed to the Second Circuit Court of Appeals.
Beginning in 1912, and throughout the course of his career as a lawyer, Medina led a New York Bar preparation course. At its peak, there were 1,600 students in the course.
Medina first gained widespread public attention (culminating with his face on the cover of Time Magazine in October 1949), when from January through October of that year, he presided over United States v. Foster (known, on appeal, as United States v. Dennis), the trial of eleven Communist Party, USA leaders under the Smith Act.
A second spike of public attention came in 1952, when he presided over United States v. Morgan et al., more commonly known as the Investment Bankers Case. In this case, the antitrust division of the Department of Justice charged 17 of the biggest U.S. investment banking firms -- and the Investment Bankers' Association of America -- with conspiracy to monopolize the securities business. The complaint said that the defendants had managed the sales of nearly 69% of some $20 billion worth of securities issued by the syndicate method (several houses working together) in the last ten years. They did so, the Government charged, by eliminating competition among themselves and preventing the use of competitive bidding for new issues. However, the Justice Department failed to make a compelling case. Medina sharply criticized Justice Department attorneys for failing to be clear in their explanation of how the defendants violated the Sherman antitrust act, and in the end, ruled in favor of the investment banking firms.
Medina was well-known for his passion for books, particularly classical languages and literatures. He was instrumental in the founding of a public library in Westhampton, New York, where he lived.
Medina died in 1990 at the age of 102.
Gift of Harold R. Medina in October 1963 . Additional material was received between 1990 and 2007. The accession numbers associated with these subsequent gifts are ML.1990-13, ML.2001.004, ML.2001.013, and ML.2007.002.
- Custodial History:
Before coming to Princeton in the 1960s, this collection was divided between Medina's home and office. Parts of the collection spent time in the custody of Medina's official biographer at Johns Hopkins University during the 1970s-1990s, and limited documentation of what was sent and returned is available. A small number of boxes regarding Medina's work with the Southern District Court of New York remain unaccounted for to this day.
- Archival Appraisal Information:
Documentation of Medina's memberships to professional, civic and religious organizations has been separated from the collection, as has documentation from a membership drive of the New York Bar Association. Personal financial documentation has also been destroyed. Documentation of Medina's role as a trustee and advisor to Princeton University has been separated and made into its own collection, AC392.
- Processing Information:
This collection was processed by Maureen Callahan in summer 2011, with help from Matt Allen '12 and Alec Egan '13. At this time, materials were moved into series, file lists were created, descriptive notes were written, materials were separated from the collection, and the finding aid was updated. Finding aid written by Maureen Callahan in 2011.
Access & Use
- Access Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
- Conditions for Reproduction and Use:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. For quotations that are fair use as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission to cite or publish is required. For those few instances beyond fair use, researchers are responsible for determining who may hold the copyright and obtaining approval from them. Researchers do not need anything further from the Mudd Library to move forward with their use.
- Special Requirements for Access:
Series 11 is composed of audiovisual materials in various formats. Access to this material follows the Mudd Manuscript Library policy for preservation and access to audiovisual materials.
- Credit this material:
Harold R. Medina papers; Public Policy Papers, Department of Special Collections, Princeton University Library
- Permanent URL:
- Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library65 Olden StreetPrinceton, NJ 08540, USA(609) 258-6345
- Alternative Form Available:
A very small part of the collection is available on microfilm (1 reel, 35 mm.): (MuddF) Micro-Film 6, (FilmM) Micro-Film 5635, and (FilmP) Micro-Film 2616, from Princeton University Library, One Washington Rd., Princeton, NJ 08544. FilmM (master printing negative) and FilmP (master preservation negative) available for reproduction only.
- Subject Terms:
- Communist Trial, New York, N.Y., 1949
District Courts -- United States
Law -- Study and teaching -- New York (N.Y.)
- Genre Terms:
- Columbia University. School of Law.
United States. Court of Appeals (2nd Circuit)
Princeton University. Class of 1909