- Collection Overview
- Collection Description & Creator Information
- Access & Use
- Collection History
- Find Related Materials
- Massie, Robert, 1956-
- Robert K. Massie IV Papers
- Public Policy Papers
- Permanent URL:
- 1950-1997 (mostly 1980-1991)
- 11 boxes
- Storage Note:
- Mudd Manuscript Library (mudd): Box 1-11
Robert Massie (1956- ) has led a varied life as an Episcopalian priest, university lecturer, social and environmental activist, historian, and executive. His work has focused on advocating higher standards of corporate responsibility and social justice in the conduct of capitalism. Massie's papers document his research on South Africa and anti-apartheid movements and include reports, articles, interview notes, and surveys.
Collection Description & Creator Information
Massie's papers document his research on South Africa and anti-apartheid movements and include reports, articles, interview notes, and surveys. The papers include files on the activism and involvement in South Africa of activist organizations (notably the American Committee on Africa, the Investor Responsibility Research Center, the South African Institute of Race Relations, and Southern Africa Labour and Development Research Unit), churches (notably the Episcopalian Church and United Church of Christ), financial institutions, corporations, and universities (notably Columbia University and Harvard University). Much of the material is concerned with investment decisions, especially of pension funds and endowments, regarding companies operating in South Africa, and also concerns broader efforts to end apartheid and studies of conditions and events in South Africa. The majority of the papers are reports, publications, and policy statements of the organizations and their financial committees, mailings to their members, and newspaper and magazine articles about the organizations. Other papers include Massie's notes from interviews he conducted with leaders in the organziations and with public figures in the United States and South Africa regarding apartheid, surveys the organizations filled out for the Investor Responsibility Research Center regarding their investment practices, U.S. government publications on United States's foreign policy towards South Africa, reports on South Africa's race relations and foreign policy, and notes or drafts for chapters from Massie's book Loosing the Bonds: The United States and South Africa in the Apartheid Years (1997).
Arranged alphabetically by subject or organization. Original order has been maintained within each section.
- Collection Creator Biography:
Massie, Robert, 1956-
Robert Massie (1956- ) has led a varied life as an Episcopalian priest, university lecturer, social and environmental activist, historian, and executive. His work has focused on advocating higher standards of corporate responsibility and social justice in the conduct of capitalism. He has taught at Harvard Divinity School, studied anti-apartheid movements, and served as executive director of the Coalition for Environmentally Responsibile Economies (Ceres).
Massie was ordained as an Episcopalian priest in 1983. His first position was assistant rector of Grace Episcopal Church in New York City, where he co-founded a homeless shelter. In 1984, he moved to become minister of Christ Episcopal Church in Somerville, Massachusetts. At the same time, he returned to school, enrolling in Harvard Business School to improve his effectiveness as an activist. Because business is one of the most powerful institutions in society, he wanted to understand how to effectively change business practices and advocate corporate responsibility. Massie earned his Ph.D. in 1989.
Massie served as director of the Project on Business, Values and the Economy, and taught ethics and public policy, at Harvard Divinity School from 1989 to 1996. During this period, he also served on the faculty of the University of Cape Town's Graduate School of Business as a senior Fulbright scholar. While there, he conducted research for his book Loosing the Bonds: The United States and South Africa in the Apartheid Years (1997), which won the Lionel Gelber Prize for Best Book on International Relations in 1998. Massie also ran for lieutenant governor of Massachusetts in 1994, basing his campaign on the need for ethics in government. He won the Democratic primary, but his ticket with gubenitorial candidate Mark Roosevelt lost in the general election to Republicans William Weld and Paul Cellucci.
In 1996, Massie became executive director of the Coalition for Environmentally Responsible Economies (Ceres), an organization of more than 80 environmental groups, public interest groups, and investors and analysts that addresses sustainability challenges such as global climate change. The group encourages businesses and capital markets to promote the well being of human society and the protection of the environment. As executive director, he was founding chair of the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) in 1997, an independent standards-setting board which created guidelines for voluntarily reporting on environmental, economic, and social conduct. The GRI has become the international standard used by corporations, governments, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to report on environmental, social, and economic performance. He also created the Sustainable Governance Forum on Climate Risk, a leadership development program that educates corporate leaders on how to address the problem of climate risk. Massie resigned as executive director of Ceres in 2003 because of ill health. As of 2009, he is still a member of the Board of Directors and serves as a consultant.
Robert K. Massie IV was born in 1956 to Robert and Suzanne Massie. He attended Princeton University, graduating in 1978. At Princeton, Massie studied European history and was a student activist, a leader in the student movement for Princeton's divestiture from South Africa and protesting against member-only eating clubs. Massie then attended Yale Divinity School, earning his M.Div. in 1982. While at Yale, he took off a year to work for Ralph Nader's Congress Watch. After graduation, Massie married Dana L. Robert and they have two sons, Sam and John. They divorced in 1995. Massie married Anne Tate in 1997 and they have one daughter, Kate.
Gift of Robert K. Massie IV in January 2009 [ML.2009.002].
Additional materials will be received periodically from Robert K. Massie IV.
- Archival Appraisal Information:
No materials were separated from this collection during processing in 2009.
- Processing Information:
This collection was processed by Adriane Hanson in 2009. A collection-level description and MARC record were created at this time. A finding aid was written by Adriane Hanson in June 2009.
Access & Use
- Access Restrictions:
The material in the collection related to research on the South African divestment movement and apartheid history is open for research use with the exception of the January-June, 1993 journal. Journal is restricted until 10 years after donor's death unless heirs arrange otherwise.
Access to all other material, including electronic files and e-mail messages, is restricted until 10 years after donor's death unless heirs arrange otherwise. Photographs are open for research use, digitized photographs will be available within 5 years of the donor's death.
Members of the donor's immediate family have the right to examine any of the materials at any time, subject to normal procedures of the Princeton University Library. Exceptions may be made in writing for others by the donor or his designated heir.
- Conditions for Reproduction and Use:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. For quotations that are fair use as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission to cite or publish is required. For those few instances beyond fair use, researchers are responsible for determining who may hold the copyright and obtaining approval from them. Researchers do not need anything further from the Mudd Library to move forward with their use.
- Credit this material:
Robert K. Massie IV Papers; Public Policy Papers, Department of Special Collections, Princeton University Library
- Permanent URL:
- Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library65 Olden StreetPrinceton, NJ 08540, USA(609) 258-6345
- Publication Note:
The following sources were consulted during the preparation of the biographical note: Ceres website. http://www.ceres.org Accessed June 9, 2009. Massie, Robert K., IV Class of 1978; Undergraduate Alumni Records, Box 602; University Archives, Special Collections, Princeton University Library. "Profile: The Invisible Hand - Robert Massie and God's Green Eearth," by Garry Emmons. Harvard Business School Bulletin, June 2002. "What It Means to Be Human: For Bob Massie '78, A New Life of Waiting and Reflection," by Pam Belluck. Princeton Alumni Weekly, June 8, 2005.
- Subject Terms:
- Anti-apartheid activists.
Apartheid -- South Africa.
Church and social problems -- South Africa.
Disinvestment -- South Africa.
Investments -- Moral and ethical aspects.
Social responsibility of business -- South Africa.
University investments -- Moral and ethical aspects.
- Genre Terms:
- The Episcopal Church
American committee on Africa
University of Cape Town. Southern Africa Labour and Development Research Unit
South African institute of race relations
Investor Responsibility Research Center
Massie, Robert, 1956-
- South Africa -- Economic conditions.
South Africa -- Race relations.
South Africa -- Social conditions.
United States -- Foreign relations -- South Africa.