Contents and Arrangement Collection View

This series includes material from various meetings, including project Board meetings, press meetings, international conference meetings as well as local and regional meetings and discussions.

Materials in this series are arranged alphabetically by site, topic, or type of meeting.


This series includes Project on Ethnic Relations faxes from 1998 to 2005.

Files in this series are not arranged chronologically; however material within files is arranged in chronological groups.


This series includes three Project on Ethnic Relations reports on various projects from 1991 to 2008.

The order in which these materials were sent to Princeton has been maintained.


This series includes subject files maintained by Project on Ethnic Relations from 1982 to 2006.

Materials are arranged alphabetically, by area, type or title of meeting, or last name of a particular individual.

E, 2002

1 box

F, 1996

1 box

G, 1993

1 box

I, 1997

1 box

M, 1995

1 box

V, 1995

1 box

This series includes materials from Project on Ethnic Relations Branch Offices

Materials are arranged alphabetically by Branch Office location. Within each file materials are arranged in descending chronological order.


This series includes reports, essays, newspaper articles, statistical and financial information, and correspondenc related to ethnic relations in various countries.

Materials are arranged alphabetically by country.


This series contains press coverage materials from 1991-2006.

The order in which these materials were sent to Princeton has been maintained.


This series includes electronic files of reports, databases and material related to the structure, administration and governance of the Project on Ethnic Relations.

The order in which these materials were sent to Princeton has been maintained.


This series includes one data cartridge, 17 data CDs, 185 audio cassettes and 14 VHS tapes of high-level negotiations, meetings, and inteviews with key individuals documenting the work of the Project on Ethnic Relations. Much of this material is available electronically. Please review <a href="">Mudd Library's policy on audio-visual materials</a> for information about accessing non-digitized items.

The order in which these materials were sent to Princeton has been maintained.


The 2016 addition is primarily composed of about 2,000 Outlook emails and other files that document the 2014 consultations and roundtables held in Romania, as well the run-up to the 2016 renewal of the Project on Ethnic Relations. Many of the emails have attachments which, together with the emails themselves, provide a rather comprehensive record of this undertaking, including the rapporteur's account of the two 2014 roundtables.

Arranged into the following series:

Scope and Contents

The collection consists of paper and digital reports and records of consultations, meetings, roundtables (and discussions and preparations for roundtables), and correspondence with leaders of political parties and representatives of governments and international organizations. Some of the records are in the form of published reports that summarize the positions of the disputants and interlocutors and the substance of their debates, providing a detailed picture of the nature of their claims and counterclaims and changes over time. There are also private notes and correspondence among staff members; reports on current developments prepared by PER's representatives in several countries; and copies of press coverage and commentary on PER's efforts.


Arranged into the following series:

Collection Creator Biography:

Project on Ethnic Relations

The Project on Ethnic Relations (PER) was a not-for-profit organization based in Princeton, NJ concerned with the course of interethnic conflicts during the post-communist transitions in Central and Eastern Europe, Russia and the former Soviet Union, and the Balkans following 1989 and extending into the 21st century. PER originated in 1991 as a project of the International Research and Exchanges Board (IREX), the American organization that was responsible for the principal exchanges of scholars between the United States and the USSR and Eastern Europe during the Cold War. IREX's then Executive Director, Allen H. Kassof (who was on the Princeton University faculty from 1961 through 1973), had had extensive prior contacts with leaders of the transitions. He planned the project in anticipation of the ethnic disputes that were to follow the collapse of communism. PER's cofounder was Livia Plaks, who was Assistant to the Executive Director at IREX.

In 1992, Kassof stepped down as head of IREX and PER became an autonomous project. Kassof served as President of PER until his retirement in 2005, when Plaks, who had been PER's Executive Director, succeeded him. PER dissolved in 2012.

One of PER's most intensive activities concerned Romania where, over a period of years in the 1990s and into the 2000s, PER helped to negotiate a series of agreements between the main political parties and the leadership of Romania's ethnic Hungarian minority to ease the tensions between them. In September 2013, Kassof was invited to visit Romania in order to advise senior government officials, including ethnic Hungarian leaders, on steps that might be taken to update the original agreements and understandings, some of which had fallen into disuse. Kassof visited Romania in January and March 2014 and recommended that a series of roundtables be held for political leaders, including several who were alumni of the original talks, as well as younger politicians who were unfamiliar with them. Following these consultations, two roundtables were held in Romania, in May and October 2014. A new Romanian NGO, The Roundtable on Ethnic Relations, was established in September 2016 to sponsor the renewal of PER's efforts.


Gift of Allen H. Kassof in 2010 [ML.2010.20]. An additional two boxes of audio-visual material were donated later that year [ML.2010.026].

Kassof donated the digital records that compose Series 10 in September 2016 [ML.2016.027].


No material was separated during accessioning of Series 1 through Series 9 in 2011. One digital file, a recommendation letter, was deleted from the 2016 addition.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Dan Santamaria on March 29, 2011. A folder list, MARC record and finding aid were created at this time. The MARC record and finding aid were updated to incorporate audiovisual and electronic materials; electronic records were copied to web-based storage at this time.

Materials from the 2016 addition were added to the collection by Rachel Van Unen in 2017. The collection-level description of the Project on Ethnic Relations Records was also updated at this time.

Conditions Governing Access

Select materials in Series 10 are closed until September 23, 2026. All other materials in this collection are open for research use.

Conditions Governing Use

Single copies may be made for research purposes. To cite or publish quotations that fall within Fair Use, as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission is required. For instances beyond Fair Use, any copyright vested in the donor has passed to The Trustees of Princeton University and researchers do not need to obtain permission, complete any forms, or receive a letter to move forward with use of donor-created materials within the collection. For materials in the collection not created by the donor, or where the material is not an original, the copyright is likely not held by the University. In these instances, it is the responsibility of the researcher to determine whether any permissions related to copyright, privacy, publicity, or any other rights are necessary for their intended use of the Library's materials, and to obtain all required permissions from any existing rights holders, if they have not already done so. Princeton University Library's Special Collections does not charge any permission or use fees for the publication of images of materials from our collections. The department does request that its collections be properly cited and images credited. More detailed information can be found on the Copyright, Credit and Citations Guidelines page on our website. If you have a question about who owns the copyright for an item, you may request clarification by contacting us through the Ask Us! form.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

For preservation reasons, original analog and digital media may not be read or played back in the reading room. Users may visually inspect physical media but may not remove it from its enclosure. All analog audiovisual media must be digitized to preservation-quality standards prior to use. Audiovisual digitization requests are processed by an approved third-party vendor. Please note, the transfer time required can be as little as several weeks to as long as several months and there may be financial costs associated with the process. Requests should be directed through the Ask Us Form.

Series 8 and 9 are composed of audiovisual materials in various formats.

Credit this material:

Project on Ethnic Relations Records; Public Policy Papers, Department of Special Collections, Princeton University Library

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Storage Note:
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