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Collection Overview

Creator:
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942
Title:
Photographs of North American Indians
Repository:
Manuscripts Division
Permanent URL:
http://arks.princeton.edu/ark:/88435/jq085k72z
Dates:
1840s-circa 1879
Size:
10 boxes and 13.0 linear feet
Storage Note:
  • Firestone Library (scamss): Box 1-10
Language:
English

Abstract

Consists of two disbound photograph albums containing 1,025 mounted albumen photographs of North American Indians, including portraits of delegates to Washington, D.C.; expedition photographs; and early Western studio portraits by American photographers. Most of the photographs in the albums are described in William Henry Jackson's Descriptive Catalogue of the Photographs of North American Indians (1877). This collection is included in the Princeton University Digital Library.

Collection Description & Creator Information

Scope and Contents

Consists of two disbound albums containing 1,025 mounted albumen photographs of North American Indians, including portraits of delegates to Washington, D.C.; expedition photographs; and early Western studio portraits. Also included are photographs of ruins in the American Southwest and Mexico, of Southwestern Indian pottery and implements, and of models of Southwestern ruins. Most of the photographs in the albums are described in William Henry Jackson's Descriptive Catalogue of the Photographs of North American Indians (1877). Manuscript numbering, possibly in Jackson's own hand, matches enumeration in a unique copy of the catalogue at Princeton University. Pages from the DCPNAI are pasted on leaves at the beginning of each volume.

Item-level descriptions that end with the initials PRF were dated or otherwise reviewed by Paula R. Fleming, author of The Shindler Catalogue (Smithsonian 2003) and a photograph specialist familiar with the original negatives.

This collection is included in the Princeton University Digital Library.

Complete list of known photographers: C. M. (Charles Milton) Bell, Mathew B. Brady, Charles William Carter, Savage & Ottinger, W. G. (William Gunnison) Chamberlain, Désiré Charnay, Thomas M. (Thomas Martin) Easterly, Edric L. Eaton, John H. Fitzgibbon, T. M. Galey, Alexander Gardner, John K. Hillers, J. D. Hutton, J. Gurney & Son, Jackson Brothers (Omaha, Neb.), William Henry Jackson, James E. McClees Studio, N. Brown & Son, Savage & Ottinger, A. Zeno (Antonio Zeno) Shindler, C. S. Stobie, Ulke Brothers, Orloff R. Westmann, Joel E. (Joel Emmons) Whitney.

Content Warning

Dehumanizing and harmful descriptions using racist, colonialist, and sexist language were used to describe many of the items in this collection. In most cases, descriptions were creator-supplied. In other cases in which photographs lacked identifying information, descriptions were created by an archivist.

Arrangement

This collection is arranged by volume and leaf number into ten boxes. Volume 1 (leaves i-iv, 1-99) is arranged in boxes 1-5, Volume 2 (leaves i-iv, 1-91) in boxes 6-10.

Collection Creator Biography:

Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942

American photographer, artist and explorer, William Henry Jackson (1843-1942) is known for his iconic Indian portraits and landscape photographs of the American West. After working for the Union Pacific Railroad and the USGS (U.S. Geological Survey) throughout the 1870s, Jackson moved to Denver in 1879 and opened a commercial studio. There he continued to photograph the West, taking on many side projects photographing for hotels and railroad companies like the Mexican Central, New York Central, and the Baltimore & Ohio.


Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942

American photographer, artist and explorer, William Henry Jackson (1843-1942) is known for his iconic Indian portraits and landscape photographs of the American West. After working for the Union Pacific Railroad and the USGS (U.S. Geological Survey) throughout the 1870s, Jackson moved to Denver in 1879 and opened a commercial studio. There he continued to photograph the West, taking on many side projects photographing for hotels and railroad companies like the Mexican Central, New York Central, and the Baltimore & Ohio.

Collection History

Acquisition:

Gift of Prof. William Libbey, Class of 1877, Department of Geology, circa 1895-1897. Accession numbers AM 125286 and AM 125287.

Appraisal

No appraisal information is available.

Processing Information

This collection was identified, researched, and described by Heather Shannon in 2005, with further research and description by Valerie Addonizio in 2009. Finding aid written by Valerie Addonizio in 2012. Researcher Paula R. Fleming also provided date and attribution information on specific items.

Access & Use

Conditions Governing Access

The collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Single copies may be made for research purposes. To cite or publish quotations that fall within Fair Use, as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission is required. For instances beyond Fair Use, it is the responsibility of the researcher to determine whether any permissions related to copyright, privacy, publicity, or any other rights are necessary for their intended use of the Library's materials, and to obtain all required permissions from any existing rights holders, if they have not already done so. Princeton University Library's Special Collections does not charge any permission or use fees for the publication of images of materials from our collections, nor does it require researchers to obtain its permission for said use. The department does request that its collections be properly cited and images credited. More detailed information can be found on the Copyright, Credit and Citations Guidelines page on our website. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us through the Ask Us! form.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

For preservation reasons, original analog and digital media may not be read or played back in the reading room. Users may visually inspect physical media but may not remove it from its enclosure. All analog audiovisual media must be digitized to preservation-quality standards prior to use. Audiovisual digitization requests are processed by an approved third-party vendor. Please note, the transfer time required can be as little as several weeks to as long as several months and there may be financial costs associated with the process. Requests should be directed through the Ask Us Form.

Credit this material:

Photographs of North American Indians; Manuscripts Division, Department of Special Collections, Princeton University Library

Permanent URL:
http://arks.princeton.edu/ark:/88435/jq085k72z
Location:
Firestone Library
One Washington Road
Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
(609) 258-3184
Storage Note:
  • Firestone Library (scamss): Box 1-10

Find More

Existence and Location of Copies

This material is available in digital format at the Princeton University Digital Library.

Where dates and other descriptive information differ, this finding aid should be considered the most recent information available.

Bibliography

Descriptive and historical notes of the Bureau of American Ethnology Collection of Glass Negatives at the National Anthropological Archives, accessed online at http://www.nmnh.si.edu/naa/guide/_b3.htm in 2010 and 2012. Descriptive and historical notes of Manuscript 4420 in the Bureau of American Ethnology-United States National Museum Collection of Indian Photographs, accessed online at http://www.nmnh.si.edu/naa/guide/appx_g.htm in 2010 and 2012. Fleming, Paula R. Native American Photography at the Smithsonian: The Shindler Catalogue. Washington, D.C: Smithsonian Books, 2003. Jackson, William H., and F. V. Hayden. Descriptive Catalogue of the Photographs of the United States Geological Survey of the Territories for the Years 1869 to 1875, Inclusive, Miscellaneous Publications, Number 5. Washington: G.P.O., 1875. Jackson, William H. Descriptive Catalogue of the Photographs of North American Indians, United States Geological Survey of the Territories, Miscellaneous Publications, Number 9. Washington: G.P.O., 1877.

Subject Terms:
Indigenous peoples of Mexico -- Photographs.
Indigenous peoples of North America -- Photographs.
Genre Terms:
Albumen prints.
Ethnographic photographs.
Portrait photographs.