Contents and Arrangement

Moses Ladd, Menominee, 1876

1 item

Collection Overview

Collection Description & Creator Information

Content Warning

Dehumanizing and harmful descriptions using racist, colonialist, and sexist language were used to describe many of the items in this collection. In most cases, descriptions were creator-supplied. In other cases, in which photographs lacked identifying information, descriptions were created by an archivist. However, the collection is a candidate for ongoing reparative description work. We hope that researchers will engage in a dialogue with staff about issues in the collection and changes that could help.

Scope and Contents

Title supplied by index of the DCPNAI, negative no. 852. Possibly taken during an 1876 delegation. Possibly printed by Jackson.


This collection is arranged by volume and leaf number into ten boxes. Volume 1 (leaves i-iv, 1-99) is arranged in boxes 1-5, Volume 2 (leaves i-iv, 1-91) in boxes 6-10.

Collection History


No appraisal information is available.

Processing Information

This collection was identified, researched, and described by Heather Shannon in 2005, with further research and description by Valerie Addonizio in 2009. Finding aid written by Valerie Addonizio in 2012. Researcher Paula R. Fleming also provided date and attribution information on specific items.

The existence of harmful language was noted in the collection-level description note by Faith Charlton in 2023 as an initial step per reparative description-related work.

Access & Use

Conditions Governing Access

The collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Single copies may be made for research purposes. To cite or publish quotations that fall within Fair Use, as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission is required. For instances beyond Fair Use, it is the responsibility of the researcher to determine whether any permissions related to copyright, privacy, publicity, or any other rights are necessary for their intended use of the Library's materials, and to obtain all required permissions from any existing rights holders, if they have not already done so. Princeton University Library's Special Collections does not charge any permission or use fees for the publication of images of materials from our collections, nor does it require researchers to obtain its permission for said use. The department does request that its collections be properly cited and images credited. More detailed information can be found on the Copyright, Credit and Citations Guidelines page on our website. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us through the Ask Us! form.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

For preservation reasons, original analog and digital media may not be read or played back in the reading room. Users may visually inspect physical media but may not remove it from its enclosure. All analog audiovisual media must be digitized to preservation-quality standards prior to use. Audiovisual digitization requests are processed by an approved third-party vendor. Please note, the transfer time required can be as little as several weeks to as long as several months and there may be financial costs associated with the process. Requests should be directed through the Ask Us Form.

Credit this material:

Moses Ladd, Menominee; "Photographs of North American Indians", WC054, Manuscripts Division, Department of Special Collections, Princeton University Library

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Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
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Storage Note:
  • Firestone Library (mss): Box 1

Find More

Existence and Location of Copies

This material is available in digital format at the Princeton University Digital Library.

Where dates and other descriptive information differ, this finding aid should be considered the most recent information available.


Descriptive and historical notes of the Bureau of American Ethnology Collection of Glass Negatives at the National Anthropological Archives, accessed online at in 2010 and 2012. Descriptive and historical notes of Manuscript 4420 in the Bureau of American Ethnology-United States National Museum Collection of Indian Photographs, accessed online at in 2010 and 2012. Fleming, Paula R. Native American Photography at the Smithsonian: The Shindler Catalogue. Washington, D.C: Smithsonian Books, 2003. Jackson, William H., and F. V. Hayden. Descriptive Catalogue of the Photographs of the United States Geological Survey of the Territories for the Years 1869 to 1875, Inclusive, Miscellaneous Publications, Number 5. Washington: G.P.O., 1875. Jackson, William H. Descriptive Catalogue of the Photographs of North American Indians, United States Geological Survey of the Territories, Miscellaneous Publications, Number 9. Washington: G.P.O., 1877.

Subject Terms:
Assimilation (Sociology)
Menominee Indians
Carter, C. W.
Chamberlain, W. G. (William Gunnison)
Charnay, Désiré, 1828-1915
Easterly, Thomas M. (Thomas Martin), 1809-1882
Eaton, E. L. (Edric L.), approximately 1836-
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942
Shindler, A. Zeno (Antonio Zeno)
Westmann, Orloff R.
Whitney, Joel E. (Joel Emmons), 1822-1886