- Collection Overview
- Collection Description & Creator Information
- Access & Use
- Collection History
- Find Related Materials
- Jackson, Sheldon, 1834-1909
- Princeton University. Library. Special Collections
- Sheldon Jackson Collection of Indian Photographs
- Manuscripts Division
- Permanent URL:
- 3 boxes
- Storage Note:
This collection is stored onsite at Firestone Library.
Sheldon Jackson was a Presbyterian missionary in the Western United States in the 19th century. This collection consists of three portfolios with 576 photographic prints and 5 photomechanical photogravures of Native Americans and related subjects compiled by Jackson, possibly from negatives in the collections of the Bureau of American Ethnology and by ordering prints from various photographic trade catalogs. This collection is included in the Princeton University Digital Library.
Collection Description & Creator Information
This collection consists of three portfolios of large leaves (76 x 64 cm.) with 576 photographic prints and 5 photomechanical photogravures of Native Americans and related subjects compiled by Jackson, possibly from negatives in the collections of the Bureau of American Ethnology and by ordering prints from various photographic trade catalogs, including that of the Continent Stereoscopic Company and John N. Choate's Indian Pictures (188?) catalog.
Approximately 280 prints feature portraits of Native Americans in a studio setting or at various locations across the West and Alaska, including most of the tribes of North America such as the Apache, Dakotas, Comanche, Cheyenne, Kiowa, Yuma, Ute, Navajo, Hopi, Crow, and Sioux; approximately 150 photographs feature educators and Native American students taken at the United States Indian School (1879) in Carlisle, Pa., Sheldon Jackson College (1881), and Sitka, Alaska; approximately 150 photographs feature Native American buildings and ruins including Zuni Pueblo, ancient ruins in Colorado and Utah, cliff-dwellings in Canyon de Chelly, Arizona and Maya ruins at Chichen Itza and Uxmal in Mexico by Désiré Charnay.
Also included are photographs of illustrations of early Catholic missions (1857) in California by Henry Miller. A number of the images in the collection appear as engravings in publications, such as multiple editions of Sheldon Jackson's Alaska and Missions on the North Pacific Coast (1880).
Many of the photographs are identified with labels taken from catalogs, including the Descriptive Catalogue of Photographs of North American Indians (1877) by William Henry Jackson (referred to in this finding aid as the DCPNAI), as well as manuscript notations which often note inventory or negative numbers. Manuscript notations are also present on the back of certain leaves and usually indicate the catalog from which descriptions were taken.
This collection is included in the Princeton University Digital Library.
The collection is arranged by folio (determined by manuscript foliation) into three boxes. Folio 1 (leaves 1-19) is in Box 1, Folio 2 is in Box 2 (leaves 1-17) and Box 3 (leaves 18-32).
- Collection Creator Biography:
Sheldon Jackson was a Presbyterian missionary in the Western United States in the 19th century. He is particularly known for his missionary work in Alaska, where he was also a political leader.
Collected by Sheldon Jackson and given to Princeton in the 1880s.
- Archival Appraisal Information:
No appraisal information is available.
- Processing Information:
This collection was researched and described by Heather Shannon in 2005, with further research and description by Valerie Addonizio in 2009. Finding aid written by Valerie Addonizio in 2012.
Access & Use
- Access Restrictions:
This collection is open for research.
- Conditions for Reproduction and Use:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. No further photoduplication of copies of material in the collection can be made when Princeton University Library does not own the original. Inquiries regarding publishing material from the collection should be directed to RBSC Public Services staff through the Ask Us! form. The library has no information on the status of literary rights in the collection and researchers are responsible for determining any questions of copyright.
- Credit this material:
Sheldon Jackson Collection of Indian Photographs; Manuscripts Division, Department of Special Collections, Princeton University Library
- Permanent URL:
- Firestone LibraryOne Washington RoadPrinceton, NJ 08544, USA(609) 258-3184
- Alternative Form Available:
This material is available in digital format at the Princeton University Digital Library.
Where dates and other descriptive information differ, this finding aid should be considered the most recent information available.
- Publication Note:
Jackson, Sheldon. Alaska, and Missions on the North Pacific Coast. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1880. Jackson, William H., and F. V. Hayden. Descriptive Catalogue of the Photographs of the United States Geological Survey of the Territories for the Years 1869 to 1875, Inclusive, Miscellaneous Publications, Number 5. Washington: G.P.O., 1875. Jackson, William H. Descriptive Catalogue of the Photographs of North American Indians, United States Geological Survey of the Territories, Miscellaneous Publications, Number 9. Washington: G.P.O., 1877.
- Subject Terms:
- Apache Indians -- Photographs.
Cheyenne Indians -- Photographs.
Cities and towns, Ruined, extinct, etc. -- Mexico -- Photographs.
Cities and towns, Ruined, extinct, etc. -- United States -- Photographs.
Cliff-dwellings -- Arizona -- Photographs.
Comanche Indians -- Photographs.
Crow Indians -- Photographs.
Dakota Indians -- Photographs.
Hopi Indians -- Photographs.
Indians of North America -- Alaska -- Photographs.
Indians of North America -- Anthropometry.
Indians of North America -- Chiefs -- Photographs.
Indians of North America -- Clothing -- 19th century.
Indians of North America -- Cultural assimilation -- 19th century.
Indians of North America -- Dwellings -- 19th century.
Indians of North America -- Education -- 19th century.
Indians of North America -- Ethnology -- 19th century.
Indians of North America -- Photographs.
Kiowa Indians -- Photographs.
Mayas -- Antiquities.
Navajo Indians -- Photographs.
Photographers -- Mexico -- 19th century.
Photographers -- United States -- 19th century.
Pueblo Indians -- Photographs.
Pueblos -- Arizona -- Photographs.
Pueblos -- New Mexico -- Photographs.
Ute Indians -- Photographs.
Yuma Indians -- Photographs.
Zuni Indians -- Photographs.
- Genre Terms:
- Catholic Church
United States Indian school Carlisle, Pa.
Sheldon Jackson College (Sitka, Alaska)
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology.
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942
- Chichén Itzá Site (Mexico) -- Photographs.
Colorado -- Antiquities.
Mexico -- Antiquities.
Utah -- Antiquities.
Uxmal Site (Mexico) -- Photographs.
West (U.S.) -- History -- 1860-1890.