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Series 1: U.S. Army and Occupied Germany, 1919-1952 (mostly 1942-1951)
Collection Description & Creator Information
- Scope and Contents
Series 1 contains material reflecting Robert R. Bowie's wartime duty (1942-1945), his postwar assistantship to the Deputy Military Governor for Germany, General Lucius Clay (1945-1946), and his position as Special Adviser to High Commissioner for Germany John J. McCloy (1950-1951).
Series 1 also includes one folder of earlier correspondence by Robert Bowie's father Clarence K. Bowie, from 1927 to 1942.
Material from Bowie's wartime service in the Army and with the Deputy Military Governor, as well as additional material through 1949, appears in Series 1, Subseries 1. The series includes material from each of Bowie's Army assignments in Washington—the legal branch of the Purchases Division, the Office of the Director of Materiel, and the Office of War Mobilization and Reconversion. Wartime papers include correspondence and memoranda, pamphlets from the government printing office, meeting minutes, and drafts of legal material such as the War Department Technical Manual on fixed-price supply contracts, as well as amendments to a law on appropriations for national defense. Bowie also drafted speeches for Colonel Albert Browning, Director of the Purchases Division, and reported on contract termination in Canada. Bowie's work centered on wartime contracts with military suppliers—especially the renegotiation and termination of war contracts.
At the war's end, Bowie was appointed Special Assistant to General Lucius Clay, who was then the Deputy Military Governor for Germany. Material from this period includes monthly reports of the Military Governor for the U.S. Zone, memoranda from Bowie to General Clay, reports of the Denazification Policy Board, material from the Allied Control Authority and the Office of the Military Government of the United States on the issues of reparations and rebuilding industry in Germany.
Bowie's correspondence from Frankfurt and Berlin, in Box 4, characterizes some of his work under Clay; in 1945, he worked on revision of military government directives, drafted papers for setting up the Allied Control Council, and helped to draft a proclamation for General Eisenhower to the German people. In 1945 and 1946, Bowie turned to the process of denazification, as well as addressing the problem of food shortages.
Series 1, Subseries 2 includes some material from the period between Bowie's two positions in Germany—in particular, papers that relate to his service on the Hoover Commission in 1949 (including correspondence with Hoover), as well as the drafts and texts of talks Bowie gave on the occupation of Germany once he had returned to the United States. Material in Box 4 reflects his participation in the Rules Committee for the Maryland Court of Appeals.
From 1950-1951, Bowie served in Frankfurt as General Counsel to John J. McCloy, U.S. High Commissioner for Germany. Material from the Office of Military Government period appears in Series 1, Subseries 2. The papers reflect that Bowie drafted speeches for McCloy, as well as giving a speech of his own, "Economic Bases of a Democratic State," in Hamburg. Material in Box 5 includes issues of Information Bulletin, the monthly magazine of the U.S. High Commission for Germany, as well as the office's press releases.
The "decartelization" of industry was one of Bowie's areas of focus, as well as creating a working and secure civilian government in the new Federal Republic. In particular, papers from this period focus on the Schuman Plan for creating a European Coal and Steel Community. Much of the Schuman Plan material in Box 5 is printed material, published in France and elsewhere—reports and bulletins of the French Assemblée Nationale; clippings in favor and in opposition; and German pamphlets introducing the Schuman Plan to the public.
Materials remain in the order in which they were received from the donor.
One box of personal files, framed certificates and some photographs was returned to the donor.
- Processing Information
This collection was processed by Phoebe Nobles in March, 2017.
Access & Use
- Conditions Governing Access
Collection is open for research use.
- Conditions Governing Use
Single copies may be made for research purposes. To cite or publish quotations that fall within Fair Use, as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission is required. For instances beyond Fair Use, any copyright vested in the donor has passed to The Trustees of Princeton University and researchers do not need to obtain permission, complete any forms, or receive a letter to move forward with use of donor-created materials within the collection. For materials in the collection not created by the donor, or where the material is not an original, the copyright is likely not held by the University. In these instances, it is the responsibility of the researcher to determine whether any permissions related to copyright, privacy, publicity, or any other rights are necessary for their intended use of the Library's materials, and to obtain all required permissions from any existing rights holders, if they have not already done so. Princeton University Library's Special Collections does not charge any permission or use fees for the publication of images of materials from our collections. The department does request that its collections be properly cited and images credited. More detailed information can be found on the Copyright, Credit and Citations Guidelines page on our website. If you have a question about who owns the copyright for an item, you may request clarification by contacting us through the Ask Us! form.
- Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements
For preservation reasons, original analog and digital media may not be read or played back in the reading room. Users may visually inspect physical media but may not remove it from its enclosure. All analog audiovisual media must be digitized to preservation-quality standards prior to use. Audiovisual digitization requests are processed by an approved third-party vendor. Please note, the transfer time required can be as little as several weeks to as long as several months and there may be financial costs associated with the process. Requests should be directed through the Ask Us Form.
- Credit this material:
Series 1: U.S. Army and Occupied Germany; Robert R. Bowie Papers, MC290, Public Policy Papers, Department of Special Collections, Princeton University Library
- Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library65 Olden StreetPrinceton, NJ 08540, USA
- Storage Note:
- Mudd Manuscript Library (mudd): Box 1-5