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106. Plan d'Hampton pour servir a l'Etablissement du Quartier d'hiver de la Legion de L'auzun, le 1 9bre, 1781, undated

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Plan of Hampton [in Virginia] to be Used for Establishing the Winter Quarters of Lauzun's Legion. 1 November 1781. The stream at the right, flowing south, is the Hampton River. The other directional arrow, at the left of the map below the legend, is misleading (probably a mistake); the point indicates south, not the customary north. Directly below this arrow point indicates south, not the customary north. Directly below this arrow point is St. John's Episcopal Chruch. The two longest streets forming a cross are King Street (from top to bottom of map) and Queen Street (left to right). The numbers indicating available lodgings were presumably used for assigning quarters. The billeting list that might supply a key to these numbers is not preserved with the map and has not been found.

When steps were being taken to quarter his army early in November 1781, Rochabeau assured the local authorities that a barrack master approved by Governor Nelson and by General Washington would proceed in such a way as to cause minimum expense to the inhabitants and that necessary repairs to war-damaged houses would be made at the King's expense; cf. his letter to the Council of the City of Williansburg, printed in Doniol, V, 584-585. According to Von Closen (p. 162), the winter quarters, into which the troops moved on 15-18 November, were assigned as follows: the Bourbonnais Regiment, seven companies of the Royal Deux-Ponts, part of the Auxonne artillery, as well as the General Staff, were quartered in Williamsburg. Three companies of the Royal Deux-Ponts were sent to Jamestown. The Soissonnais, with the grenadiers and chasseurs of the Saintonge, were at Yorktown (see No. 99). The Saintonge Regiment encamped at Halfway House (on the road from Yorktown to Hampton) and Back River. A detachment of 50 men and an artillery company was assigned to Gloucester. The rest of the artillery went to West Point at the head of York River (see No. 104). Finally, Lauzun's Legion took up quarters in Hampton, as confirmed by the present map.

The Lauzun Legion did not remain here at Hampton during the entire period of the "winter quarters." In early February 1782 Rochambeau sent the Legion under the command of General Choisy (Lauzun having returned temporarily to France) to an advanced position near the North Carolina border at the request of General Nathanael Greene, who feard the arrival of British reinforcements at Charleston. The Legion remained in the vicinity of Charlotte Courthouse until June, when it retired to Petersburg and eventually rejoined the main body of the army on its northward march. After the Legion's departure from Hampton a battalion of the Saintonge Regiment moved into quarters there.

During the French "occupation" of Hampton the courthouse (serving Elizabeth City County) was used as a hospital. This is the unnumbered building shown on the map a bit to the left of King Street directly below the second "u" of "Lauzun" in the title. An Act of the General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Virginia (5 January 1782) empowered the lustices of the peace in the said county as they may think proper, so long as the court-house in the town of Hampton shall be occupied by the troops of our allies, as a hospital." The names of several French soldiers who died in Hampton (including Carette, Thouvenot, and Bourdet of the Saintonge Regiment) are mentioned in Bouvet, Service de santé, p. 94, and in Dawson, Français Morts aux Etats-Unis, pp. 60, 64, 65, 92.

Arrangement

Arranged sequentially by packet/item number.

General

These papers are housed in the original red portfolio cases (and order) in which they were presented to the Library in 1939.

Collection History

Appraisal

No appraisal information is available.

Processing Information

This collection was word-processed by Anna Bialek in July and August of 2005. Finding aid written by Howard Rice in 1957.

During 2022, restrictions for this collection were lifted as part of a restrictions review project.

Access & Use

Conditions Governing Access

The collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Single copies may be made for research purposes. To cite or publish quotations that fall within Fair Use, as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission is required. For instances beyond Fair Use, it is the responsibility of the researcher to determine whether any permissions related to copyright, privacy, publicity, or any other rights are necessary for their intended use of the Library's materials, and to obtain all required permissions from any existing rights holders, if they have not already done so. Princeton University Library's Special Collections does not charge any permission or use fees for the publication of images of materials from our collections, nor does it require researchers to obtain its permission for said use. The department does request that its collections be properly cited and images credited. More detailed information can be found on the Copyright, Credit and Citations Guidelines page on our website. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us through the Ask Us! form.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

For preservation reasons, original analog and digital media may not be read or played back in the reading room. Users may visually inspect physical media but may not remove it from its enclosure. All analog audiovisual media must be digitized to preservation-quality standards prior to use. Audiovisual digitization requests are processed by an approved third-party vendor. Please note, the transfer time required can be as little as several weeks to as long as several months and there may be financial costs associated with the process. Requests should be directed through the Ask Us Form.

Credit this material:

106. Plan d'Hampton pour servir a l'Etablissement du Quartier d'hiver de la Legion de L'auzun, le 1 9bre, 1781; Louis-Alexandre Berthier Collection, C0022, Manuscripts Division, Department of Special Collections, Princeton University Library

Location:
Firestone Library
One Washington Road
Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
(609) 258-3184
Storage Note:
  • Firestone Library (hsvm): Box X

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Existence and Location of Copies

This collection is also available in microfilm.

Separated Materials

Relation de l'Escadre Française, aux ordres du Cher. Destouches, & de l'affaire qui a eue lieu le 16 Mars 1781, entre cette Escadre & celle des Anglais, commandée par l'Amiral Arbuthnot was transferred to rare books (1081.755 EX).

Bibliography

MS, Princeton University Library, Berthier Collection, No. 28. [Rice/Brown, pp. 170-171] Regarding movement of Saintonge Regiment cf. Beville's "Ordre de marche" of 28 June 1782 (Library of Congress, Rochambeau Papers, Vol. 4, 469

Names:
France. Armée
Rochambeau, Jean-Baptiste-Donatien de Vimeur,‏ comte de,‏ 1725-1807‏