Contents and Arrangement

Journal, "Volume II", 1854 June 26-1855 April 26

1 folder

Collection Overview

Collection Description & Creator Information

Scope and Contents

"Volume II," as Adams titled it, contains approximately 86 pages of text and drawings and features many more extensive, anecdotal, and undated entries than the first journal. Beginning in June 1854, Adams, as a part of three parties of the expedition, left Cantonment Stevens. Adams accompanied Harry Pierson to Olympia on the Puget Sound; crossing the Missoula River, proceeding up the Snake River to Fort Walla Wallah, to the Cascades, down the Columbia River by steamboat to Vancouver, to Portland and Oregon City, and to Olympia. In Olympia, Adams waited for Governor Stevens' return, and during that time, traveled to Fort Steilacoom, Hudson Bay Trading Post, Vancouver, Portland, and the Coeur d'Alene Mission. He finally traveled to Fort Owen.

At Fort Owen, Adams waited for news and provisions, and while there, noted that the Flathead Indians suffered from a scarcity of buffalo and hoped that the United States government would help them make peace with the Blackfeet and provide teachers to instruct their children. During the several months that Adams stayed at Fort Owen, he became acquainted with the Flathead chief, Victor, learned of inter-tribal problems and violence, and attended Native American ceremonies and events.

In April, Adams was notified that Governor Stevens would arrive in July and that treaties were to be made with Native Americans, including the Blackfeet, during the summer.

At the end of this journal are brief biographies of thirteen Native Americans along with pencil sketches of each. There is also a six page English to Indian language dictionary.


The journals are arranged chronologically, followed by the letter book.

Collection History


No items were removed during 2013 processing.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Holly Mengel in 2013. Finding aid written by Holly Mengel in 2013.

Access & Use

Conditions Governing Access

The collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. No further photoduplication of copies of material in the collection can be made when Princeton University Library does not own the original. Inquiries regarding publishing material from the collection should be directed to RBSC Public Services staff through the Ask Us! form. The library has no information on the status of literary rights in the collection and researchers are responsible for determining any questions of copyright.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

For preservation reasons, original analog and digital media may not be read or played back in the reading room. Users may visually inspect physical media but may not remove it from its enclosure. All analog audiovisual media must be digitized to preservation-quality standards prior to use. Audiovisual digitization requests are processed by an approved third-party vendor. Please note, the transfer time required can be as little as several weeks to as long as several months and there may be financial costs associated with the process. Requests should be directed through the Ask Us Form.

Credit this material:

Journal, "Volume II"; Thomas Adams Papers, C1452, Manuscripts Division, Department of Special Collections, Princeton University Library

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Storage Note:
  • Firestone Library (mss): Box 1